Health and the World Wide Internet

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Health and the World Wide Internet World Internet Project Macau 2009

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Health and the World Wide Internet

  1. 1. Health and the Internet: Autonomy of the user From Connected to Networked Citizens Dr. Francisco Lupiáñez-Villanueva Dr. Rita Espanha www.ictconsequences.net Professor of ISLA - Lisbon ICTs Interdisciplinary Research Group (i2TIC) Researcher at CIES-ISCTE Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3) (Portugal) Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) 10th Annual World Internet Project Meeting 2009 Macao, July 8-10
  2. 2. Research projects Health and the Internet in the Network Society Portugal Catalonia Health in the Information Era Internet, Health and Society: Analysis of in Portugal Internet Use in Catalonia Health System Directed by Directed by Prof. Castells Dr. Cardoso and Dra. Espanha Researcher: Dr. Lupiáñez-Villanueva
  3. 3. Common Research Objectives • Identify, characterise and explain the determinants of the ICT and the Internet use carried out by citizens and health professionals within the health system. • Analyze in what way and to what extend ICTs, specially the Internet, are appropriated by citizens and health professionals within the health system.
  4. 4. http://www.wordle.net/gallery/wrdl/957924/Main_references
  5. 5. Citizens, Health and the Internet - Highlights Health and the Consequences Shape and Shape and Internet on being shaped being shaped by ICT by autonomy • More health • Personal • Access • Standards information Health • Uses • Values available Management • Asses • Efforts (quality and • Patient – • Empowerment use) Health • Participation • More Professional communication relationship tools available • Citizens • Online health /Patients services relationship • Healthcare E-readiness demands (DIGITAL) • Health status AGE – EDUCATION – LABOUR – GENDER (ANALOGUE)
  6. 6. Citizens Citizens, Health and the Internet - Highlights • Intensive use of health information • Determinants of e-readiness index: Age, Education, Labour and Gender • Connected are more likely to be in better health conditions and more likely to use private healthcare services • Disconnected are more likely to be worse health and use public healthcare services • Determinants of health: Age, Education and Labour
  7. 7. “The availability of good medical care tends to vary inversely with the need of the population served” Hart JT. The inverse care law. Lancet 1971; 1: 405–12.
  8. 8. DOES IT STILL WORK IN THE TRANSITION TO THE NETWORK SOCIETY?
  9. 9. OR COULD IT BE LEAPFROGGED?
  10. 10. World Internet Project Data Base 2007
  11. 11. World Internet Project Data Base 2007 • Identify and characterise the Internet users who look for online health information into the E-readiness index to Network Society. • Non-hierarchical K-means cluster analysis was carried out to develop a typology of the Internet users: • To simplify data • To be able to draw a set of levels where we could accommodate citizens according to their readiness to the Network Society
  12. 12. From Basic Connected Citizen Advanced Connected and Social oriented Citizen Advanced Connected and Individual oriented Citizen To Networked Citizen Source: WIP 2007 Categories 1- Several times a day 2- Daily 3- Weekly 4- Monthly 5- Less than monthly 6- Never
  13. 13. Basic Connected Citizen they are at the button of the Internet uses. Advanced Connected and Social oriented Citizen they use the Internet to do a lot of activities, especially those related with social and leisure activities. Advanced Connected and Individual oriented Citizen they also use the Internet to do a lot of activities, especially those related with individual and personal aspects Networked Citizen they are leading almost all the Source: WIP 2007 Internet uses
  14. 14. Source: WIP 2007
  15. 15. Source: WIP 2007
  16. 16. Characterization E-readiness Index Source: WIP 2007
  17. 17. Characterization E-readiness Index Source: WIP 2007; p<0’001
  18. 18. Characterization E-readiness Index Source: WIP 2007; p<0’001
  19. 19. Characterization Health information Source: WIP 2007; p<0’001
  20. 20. Characterization Looking for Health information on the Internet Source: WIP 2007; p<0’001
  21. 21. Citizens Citizens, Health and the Internet - Global • Determinants of health: Age, Education and Labour • Age Characterization of e-readiness index suggests… • Networked Citizens are more likely to be in better health conditions due to their age. • Connected Citizens are more likely to be in worse health conditions. • Disconnected Citizens…
  22. 22. The inverse care law still works in the Network Society
  23. 23. NETWORK SOCIETY TRANSITION MODEL Peña-López, I. (2009) “Measuring digital development for policy-making: Models, stages, characteristics and causes. The role of the government” In ICTlogy, #68, May 2009. Barcelona: ICTlogy. Retrieved month dd, yyyy from http://ictlogy.net/review/?p=2176
  24. 24. Thank you very much for your attention Presentation available at: www.ictconsequences.net flupianez@uoc.edu
  25. 25. Health and the Internet: Autonomy of the user From Connected to Networked Citizens Dr. Francisco Lupiáñez-Villanueva Dr. Rita Espanha www.ictconsequences.net Professor of ISLA - Lisbon ICTs Interdisciplinary Research Group (i2TIC) Researcher at CIES-ISCTE Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3) (Portugal) Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC) 10th Annual World Internet Project Meeting 2009 Macao, July 8-10

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