Requirement to be familiar with PowerPoint and its different versions
Tendency to overuse features
‘ death by PowerPoint’.
Your Slides are Not your Presentation
Your slides are a focus for your presentation
Heighten retention -10%
Students comprehend 7% of information delivered verbally
They comprehend 87% of information delivered verbally and visually.
Attention Span Problem
Students can recall approximately 70% of the content from the first 10 minutes of the lecture but only 20% from the last 10 minutes
Put your most important facts in your first few slides.
Do not set PowerPoint on timer – manual use
Do not stand in front of slide show
Use remote if available
You can use the “custom animation” feature to make each bullet point appear one at a time.
Use to reinforce key points
Use phrases/words not sentences
Number or bullet items
Emphasise points with colour
Use pictures and charts.
USE OF AIDS IN INSTRUCTION
Depends on speaker, speaking style and presentation
Slide 10 to 20 seconds minimum
Slide 2 minutes maximum
Slide average one minute.
Outline formats are easier to follow
No more than one topic per slide
Kiss- keep it simple and straightforward
Use text, animations,graphics, videos, charts and sound effects that promote this theme
Use the same animation in all slides
But too many effects are distracting.
When using models or props or carrying out demonstrations
Blank out screen(press B or W on keyboard or slide screen across on projector)
When finished with prop or demonstration, put away and continue with your presentation.
Use Bullets Not Numbers
Bullets imply no significant order
Use numbers only to show rank or sequence.
Use the 7 X 7 rule: PowerPoint
7 bullets per slide max
7 words per bullet max.
This point and the title will receive the most attention. Subsequent points will receive lesser attention. Final point will receive almost as much attention as the first point .
-Ariel- Easy to read
Augsburger Initials-hard to read
Sans Serif has no “feet”- easy to read
Serif has “feet”- harder to read.
Mixed Case. (Sentence case)
NO ALL CAPS
THIS IS HARDER TO READ
Stick to the same font on each slide, and throughout the whole presentation
No more than two fonts.
Left – body text
Left justify bullets
Centre – titles
Avoid abbreviations & acronyms
Use a Readable Typeface and Font
Sans serif (no curly feet) such as Arial or universal for body text.
Use serif such as Times New Roman for titles only
Select Readable Type Size This is 40 point
Minimum 36 point for titles
24 point for body text
This is 32 point
45 point 40 point 36 point 30 point 24 point 20 point 16 point 10 point Fonts
Adjust Lettering to discriminate or emphasize
Make titles a larger type size than body elements
Keep same text sizes throughout
Emphasize important statements or words with bold , italic , larger size , different fonts or different colours .
Choose Colour Carefully
Use the same colour consistently throughout the presentation
Use light letters on a dark background
Or dark letters on a light background.
Be consistent – use same background colour on every single slide
Try to stay away from “astrobright” colors - they are hard to read
Stay away from red / green combinations for people who are color blind.
Red & Green Should Never Be Seen
Cool colors ( blues , greens ) – use for background
Warm colors ( reds , yellows ) – use for foreground elements
GOOD This shows warm foreground colour on a cool background color POOR This shows cool foreground colour on a warm background color
Allow plenty of room around borders and illustrations
Graphics,clipart and pictures to left hand side of slide
Do not centre.
ClipArt and Pictures
Use Solid Colors instead of fill Patterns on Charts
Patterns on bars or pie slices cause confusion.
Use Solid Colors instead of fill Patterns on Charts Solid colors convey a clear bold message
Graphs and Charts cont…. Incident Commander Sector 1 Commander Command Support Sector 3 Commander
FOR EFFECTIVE SLIDES
Use design templates
Standardize position, colour and layout
Limit information to essential.
Content self evident
Contrasting colour scheme
Consistent effects, transitions, animations.
7 by 7 rule
Avoid long sentences
Font size 18 to 48 point
Larger font – important information
Text contrast with background.
Fancy font hard to read
ALL CAPITALS HARD TO READ
Avoid abbreviations and acronyms
Limit punctuation marks.
CLIP ART and GRAPHICS
Should balance the slide
Enhance text not overwhelm
2 graphics per slide max
For more help a tutorial on PowerPoint is available at this web site http://oregonstate.edu/instruction/ed596/ppoint/pphome.html The following sites have unique PPT templates: http://www.presentersuniversity.com (may need to register to access this site) http://www.websiteestates.com/ppoint.html http://www.graphicsland.com/powerpoint-templates.html