ELEMENTS OF ART
2 Categories of Shapes
• Geometric Shapes-Circles, Squares, rectangles and
triangles. We see them in architecture and manufactured items.
• Organic Shapes-Leaf, seashells, flowers. We see them in nature
and with characteristics that are free flowing, informal and
Categories of Texture
• The application of textured objects to the surface of an
artwork, or the creation of art from textured materials
• Texture can be created by carving, incising or scratching into a
Visual /Simulated Texture
• Visual texture so realistic that it fools the eye into believing it is
• The visual sensation of texture on a non-textured surface.
Simulated textures are created by the manipulation of lights and
shadows, line, rhythm and other visual elements.
• Invented textures are the creation of the artist/designer. They are
made up for expressive or decorative purposes and are not the
representation of or abstractions from actual textures.
Categories Of Colour
Primary Colours cannot be mixed, they must be bought in some
• Red, Yellow, Blue
Secondary Colour are created by mixing two primaries
• Green, Orange, Violet
Intermediate Colours are created by mixing a primary with a
• Red Orange, Yellow Green, Blue Violet, etc.;
There are 3 properties of colour
• First is hue, which simply means the name we give to a colour
(red, yellow, blue, etc.).
• The second property is intensity, which refers to the strength
and vividness of the colour. For example, we may describe the
colour blue as "royal" (bright, rich, vibrant) or "dull" (greyed).
• The third and final property of colour is its value, meaning its
lightness or darkness. The terms shade and tint are in reference
to value changes in colours.