Romania in numbers
About 19 millions peoples
With a surface area of 238,391
square kilometers, Romania is the
largest country in southeastern
Romania is a semi-presidential
republic, in which the executive
branch consists of the President and
Romania joined NATO in 2004,
and the European Union in 2007;
Romania's terrain is distributed
mountainous, hilly and lowland
Mountains dominate the centre of
ranges reaching above 2,000 m (the
Peak 2,544 m)
The vegetation includes three major areas:
• steppe and forested steppe – specific to the
plains, but intensely transformed by practicing
• the forest fund of decidous and coniferous
trees, with precious species of zâmbru (Pinus
cembra)and yew tree (Taxus bacata)
• the alpine vegetation, with rare floristic
species: rose bay, the edelweiss ("the queen’s
flower"), the gentian, the sweet pea and a
unique world: Garofiţa Pietrii Craiului (Piatra
In Banat and the Northern part of
Oltenia, Mediterranean species appear: the
almond tree, the lilac and the wild fig tree, the
black and maritime pine.
At the moment, the forests cover a little over
26% of Romania’s surface. In what concerns the
trees, the beech prevails, followed by the
oak, the conifers and other species.
Over 400,000 ha of the country’s territory are
affected by the draught, as a result of the
The fauna comprises of rare species: the
bustard, the lynx, the mountain cock, the black
grouse, the pelican, the white-tailed eagle, the
sturgeons (fishes with black spawn), but also
large stocks of chamois, bear, wolf. Extincted
species have been introduced into the specific
habitat, such as the alpine marmot (the Retezat
and Rodna Mountains), the bison (Haţeg and in
the counties of Dâmboviţa and Neamţ), the
moufflon (Dobrogea), the raccoon dog
(Nyctereutes procyonoides) Romania is
considered the richest European country in what
the hunting stock is concerned.
The existence of some unique natural
landscapes, the presence of many rare species of
vegetation and fauna required certain protection
measures of the environment. During the interwar period the first natural park is created – The
Retezat National Park (1935) – and the first
natural reserves are constituted.
THE DANUBE DELTA –
NATURAL RESERVE OF THE BIOSPHERE
In September 1990, the Romanian Government declared
the Danube Delta and some nearby areas (580 000ha) as
a Biosphere Reserve (RBDD).
In the same year the Danube Delta was recognized as a
wetland of international importance, especially as a
waterfowl habitat, and it was included in the RAMSAR
Convention together with other 600 similar areas.
In December 1990, the Danube Delta was included on the
UNESCO list of World Cultural and Natural Heritage
•The only delta in the world which was declared reserve of the biosphere.
•It has the most compact reed plot in the world.
•It annually grows with 40 square meters.
•There are 135 species of fish and 331 species of birds in the Danube Delta, most of them
protected. The Danube Delta is also called “ the birds’ paradise”.
•There are many excellent bird watching areas in Romania, the most stunning of which is
the Danube Delta - 5000 square kilometers of waterways, lakes, floating reed islets,
sand dunes and virgin forest.
TYPICALL PLANTS AND ANIMALS IN THE DANUBE DELTA
(oaks, poplars, willows,
wild vine, lianas)
Sturgeons (source of caviar)
The great egret
The pelican –
the largest colony in Europe
* Bacau county had a population of
616,168 and the population density is
93 of inhabitants/km²;
* Holds 2,8 % of Romania surface;
* Holds 3 municipalities
(Bacau, Onesti, Moinesti) and 5
(Buhuși, Comănești, Dărmănești, Slănic
-Moldova și Târgu Ocna);
* Has 49.1% forests in their area, while
Romania has 26% of their surface
covered with forests (Europe average
The town was first mentioned in 1408 when
Prince Alexander the Good of Moldavia (1400–
1432) listed the customs points in the principality
in his privilege for Polish merchants
Men bearing the name Bakó are documented in Transylvania in the Middle Ages. The
town may have been named after a Hungarian innkeeper who, supposedly, had an
inn, the first building in the town, on the road from Bacău to Roman.
Today, the name of our town is
linked with the great poet George
Although his real name was George
Vasiliu, he wanted to be recognized
as poet of Bacau city.
He wrote sad poems like:
Plumb(Lead), Singur(Alone), etc.
* International airport
* Central library
* Culture house
* Recreational island
* History Museum
* The Astronomical Observatory
* The prefecture
* The Olympic International Basin
* Ruins of the Royal Court