Picture from FlickR – World Resource Institute Staff




  Information And Communication
  Technologies For Development
  ...
Schedule
    Motivation
•

    Introduction - the digital divide and ICT4D
•

    ICT4D - potentials and problems
•

    W...
Picture from FlickR – Greg Miles




Motivation
Motivation
    Broad interests
•

    Inspiration by ICT4D program at Stockholm
•

    University & Prof. Thorsten Hampel:...
Picture from FlickR –Eric Lafforgue




 Introduction -
   the digital
divide and ICT4D
The digital divide
    quot;gap between those who have access to use
•

    computer technology and the Internet and
    t...
ICT4D
    Information and Communication Technologies
•

    for Development
    Using ICTs for supporting social and econo...
ICT4D -
potentials and
   problems
Potentials
    Economic development
•

    Social development
•

    Education
•

    Democracy
•

    Health
•

    Banki...
Problems
    Different conditions
•

    Sustainability
•

    Focus on technology
•

    Development
•

        quot;forq...
Picture from FlickR – Swiatek Wojtkowiak




Web 2.0 and
mashups in
   ICT4D
Web 2.0
    Everyone can participate
•



    The web is the platform
•



    Web 2.0 is free of charge
•



    Low prer...
Mashups
    Easy and few programming
•



    Internet Tools for everyone - power to the
•

    people

    Few problems w...
Picture from FlickR – Julie Dermansky




Example projects
Tradenet.biz
Ushahidi
Own projects
NoisR
ICT4D.at
Picture from FlickR – Swiatek Wojtkowiak




Conclusion
Conclusion
    ICT4D –    received a lot of attention
•

    A lot of   potential – but not yet fully
•

    tapped
    Sh...
Cited papers
    [Heeks 2008] Heeks R. (2008) quot;ICT4D 2.0: The Next Phase
•

    of Applying ICT for International Deve...
Picture from FlickR – Jose Carlos Costa




Thank you!
Appendix
Economic development
    Is ICT4D actually fostering economic
•

    development?
        No study yet showing statistical...
Can technology solve problems?
    quot;those that think that poverty in our
•

    countries is just a matter of not havi...
Web 2.0
    Expression first appeared in 2005 [O'Reilly
•

    2005]
    Interactive & collaborative elements of the
•

  ...
Mashups
    Web application which generates content
•

    through the combination of services
    Three components:
•

  ...
SOA
    Service Oriented Architecture
•

    Combinations of loose coupled, low-level
•

    services which form a busines...
Web Services
    Implementation of SOA
•

    Software application which
•

        is identified by a URL
    •

        ...
NoisR – Implementation
NoisR – Implementation
    Underlying database – XML
•

    User Interface – PHP
•

    Google Maps – JavaScript API
•

  ...
NoisR – Implementation
ICT4D.at – Implementation
ICT4D.at – Implementation
ICT4D.at – Implementation
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Information and Communication Technologies for Development (ICT4D) with special focus on Web 2.0 and Mashups of existing Services

  1. 1. Picture from FlickR – World Resource Institute Staff Information And Communication Technologies For Development (ICT4D) With Special Focus On Web 2.0 And Mashups Of Existing Services Defensio Presentation Florian Sturm 23 March 2009
  2. 2. Schedule Motivation • Introduction - the digital divide and ICT4D • ICT4D - potentials and problems • Web 2.0 and mashups in ICT4D • Example projects • Own projects • NoisR • ICT4D.at • Conclusion •
  3. 3. Picture from FlickR – Greg Miles Motivation
  4. 4. Motivation Broad interests • Inspiration by ICT4D program at Stockholm • University & Prof. Thorsten Hampel: ICTs can be used in & for development • assistance Interoperability and combined services • The thesis: • General introduction to ICT4D • Proof of concept that web 2.0 and mashups • can produce vast synergies in ICT4D
  5. 5. Picture from FlickR –Eric Lafforgue Introduction - the digital divide and ICT4D
  6. 6. The digital divide quot;gap between those who have access to use • computer technology and the Internet and those who do notquot; [Katz & Aspden 1998] quot;Western worldquot; vs. quot;Less developed • countriesquot; Differences in infrastructure, availability, • affordability Inhibiting economic development [Tiglao & • Alampay 2004]
  7. 7. ICT4D Information and Communication Technologies • for Development Using ICTs for supporting social and economic • development giving the people access to these • technologies supporting organizations in development • assistance
  8. 8. ICT4D - potentials and problems
  9. 9. Potentials Economic development • Social development • Education • Democracy • Health • Banking •
  10. 10. Problems Different conditions • Sustainability • Focus on technology • Development • quot;forquot; local people • quot;withquot; local people • quot;byquot; local people • Currently: call for new ways of carrying out • ICT4D projects ICT4D 2.0 [Heeks 2008] •
  11. 11. Picture from FlickR – Swiatek Wojtkowiak Web 2.0 and mashups in ICT4D
  12. 12. Web 2.0 Everyone can participate • The web is the platform • Web 2.0 is free of charge • Low prerequisites •
  13. 13. Mashups Easy and few programming • Internet Tools for everyone - power to the • people Few problems with acceptance •
  14. 14. Picture from FlickR – Julie Dermansky Example projects
  15. 15. Tradenet.biz
  16. 16. Ushahidi
  17. 17. Own projects
  18. 18. NoisR
  19. 19. ICT4D.at
  20. 20. Picture from FlickR – Swiatek Wojtkowiak Conclusion
  21. 21. Conclusion ICT4D – received a lot of attention • A lot of potential – but not yet fully • tapped Shifted approach towards ICT4D quot;lessons • learnedquot; → ICT4D 2.0 Web 2.0 and mashups fit in the context • Examples • Own projects – proof of concept • More research necessary • Interdisciplinary approach • Critical evaluation & statistical evidence •
  22. 22. Cited papers [Heeks 2008] Heeks R. (2008) quot;ICT4D 2.0: The Next Phase • of Applying ICT for International Developmentquot;, IEEE Computer, June 2008, Volume 41, Number 6, 26-34 [Katz & Aspden 1998] Katz J. E., Aspden P. (1998) • quot;Internet dropouts in the USA: The invisible groupquot; Telecommunications Policy, 22(4-5), 327-339. [Sturm et al 2008] Sturm F., Hauer D., Hampel T., • Hornich A. (2008) quot;Fighting Hunger with Information - Mashups in ICT4D Increase Accessibility of Vital Servicesquot;, Proceedings of SIG GlobDev's First Annual Workshop, Paris, France December 13th 2008 [Tiglao & Alampay 2004] Tiglao N., Alampay E. A. (2004) • quot;Mapping Ict4d Projects In The Philippinesquot;, http://www.ict4d.ph, Retrieved 26 February 2008 from http://www.ict4d.ph/proceedings/Project_Inventory2.php
  23. 23. Picture from FlickR – Jose Carlos Costa Thank you!
  24. 24. Appendix
  25. 25. Economic development Is ICT4D actually fostering economic • development? No study yet showing statistical evidence on • overall economic impact Many studies on small-scale, project-wise • impact (e.g. Bayes et. al. 1999, Eggleston et. al. 2002, de Silva & Zainudeen 2007, Bedia 1999) Depends on many non-technological factors •
  26. 26. Can technology solve problems? quot;those that think that poverty in our • countries is just a matter of not having access to information and technology are showing much ignorance about social injustice, human exploitation and inequalities not only between countries, but also among social classes within each country. Information is not the magic cure for hungerquot; [Arunachalam 2002] Mix of measures • ICTs are just a tool in this context – • but a tool with huge potentials
  27. 27. Web 2.0 Expression first appeared in 2005 [O'Reilly • 2005] Interactive & collaborative elements of the • internet Transforming the consumer into a • contributor Wikis, blogs, content sharing, social • networks Technology is not new (AJAX, RSS) •
  28. 28. Mashups Web application which generates content • through the combination of services Three components: • API/content provider • Mashup site • Client's web browser • Mashup editors •
  29. 29. SOA Service Oriented Architecture • Combinations of loose coupled, low-level • services which form a business process Services are independent units of • functionality Services are available over the network and • communicate with each other Different principles: • Reuse, granularity, modularity, composability, • componentization, portability, interoperability
  30. 30. Web Services Implementation of SOA • Software application which • is identified by a URL • is defined, described and searchable through • an XML artifact Interaction with other SW-agents via XML • Requester – Broker – Provider •
  31. 31. NoisR – Implementation
  32. 32. NoisR – Implementation Underlying database – XML • User Interface – PHP • Google Maps – JavaScript API • eSpeak (text-to-speech) – Linux Shell Script • Creation of podcast – PHP & XML • Podlinez (telephone number for podcast) – • manual
  33. 33. NoisR – Implementation
  34. 34. ICT4D.at – Implementation
  35. 35. ICT4D.at – Implementation
  36. 36. ICT4D.at – Implementation
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