Group Behavior (OB)

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Foundation Of Group Behavior In Organisation Behavior

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Group Behavior (OB)

  1. 1. Question 5: How does group size affect group performance?
  2. 2.  The size of a group DOES affect the groups overall behavior. But it depend on the variable we look at. For example: Timing in completing the task Smaller group faster Individual perform better Problem Solving Large group more consistent Good for gaining diverse input *The most important finding about the size of group concerns Social Loafing.*
  3. 3. What is Social Loafing?? Definition: The tendency for individuals to expend less effort when working collectively than when working individually. Explanation: Group performance increases with group size, but the addition of new members has diminishing returns on productivity. Situation: In making the video for group assignment. The productivity of group of four members may be better than the three, but the individual productivity of each member declines.
  4. 4. Question 6: What are the advantages and limitations of cohesive group?
  5. 5. Cohesive Group: The degree to which members are attracted to each other and motivated to stay in the group. Advantages Of Group Cohesiveness:  Shared values  Group loyalty Familiarity of group members Effective communication Disadvantages of Group Cohesiveness:  Lowered productivity  Lack of creativity  Lack of innovation
  6. 6. High Productivity Moderate Productivity Low Productivity Moderate to low productivity High Low High Low PerformanceNorms Cohesiveness Relationship Between Group Cohesiveness, Performance Norms, and Productivity
  7. 7. Question 7: What are the implications of diversity for group effectiveness?
  8. 8. Diversity Group The degree to which members of group are similar to, or different from, one another.  Good implication • More likely to have diverse abilities and information • Variety of viewpoint • More effective on creativity demanding the task and problem solving Bad implication • Less satisfied with the group, less cohesive, and promotes conflict • Some people may be find difficulty in learning to work with each other and solving problem. •These difficulty seem to dissipate with time. (Take time for diverse group to learn how to work through disagreement and different approaches to solving problem)
  9. 9. Question 8: What are the strength and weaknesses of group (versus individual) decision making?
  10. 10. • More complete information and knowledge • More output • Offered increased in diversity view • More approaches and alternatives • Increased acceptance of a solution Strengths • Time consuming • Conformity pressure • Discussion can be dominated by one or a few members • Ambiguous responsibility Weaknesses
  11. 11. References •Robbins, Stephen P., and Tim Judge. Organizational Behavior. 15th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2013 •"Advantages & Disadvantages of Group Cohesiveness & Productivity." Small Business. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2013. •Organization Science, Vol. 7, No. 6. (Nov. - Dec., 1996), pp. 615-631. URL: http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=1047- 7039%28199611%2F12%297%3A6%3C615%3ADDCAWG%3E2.0.CO%3B2-Z •The Academy of Management Review, Vol. 21, No. 2. (Apr., 1996), pp. 402- 433. URL: http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0363- 7425%28199604%2921%3A2%3C402%3ASFCTUT%3E2.0.CO%3B2-5

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