Portugal_sp

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  • Adesão de Portugal é uma consequência do 25 de Abril.
  • Over a million people Mas condições de vida (um dos piores da EU)
  • Adesão de Portugal é uma consequência do 25 de Abril.
  • Adesão de Portugal é uma consequência do 25 de Abril.
  • Adesão de Portugal é uma consequência do 25 de Abril.
  • Adesão de Portugal é uma consequência do 25 de Abril.
  • Adesão de Portugal é uma consequência do 25 de Abril.
  • Portugal_sp

    1. 1. P O RTUGUESE EUROPEAN CONSTRUC T I O N
    2. 2. SUMMARY  Main Events  Before the EU  After the EU  PORTUGUESE EUROPEAN CONSTRUCTION  A SENSE OF BELONGING  The Portuguese and the EU  The Portuguese and Portugal’s accession
    3. 3. MAIN EVENTS … 28 March 1977 – Portugal formally applied for accession to the EEC. 17 October 1978 – Beginning of the negotiations to prepare Portugal’s accession; 12 June 1985 – Official signing of the Treaty of Accession to the EEC, in Lisbon. 1 January 1986 – Portugal formally became a member of the Communities. 1 January 1992 – Portugal’ first EEC presidency
    4. 4. MAIN EVENTS … January 1993 – Accession to the Single Market 1 January 2000 – Portugal’s second EEC presidency 1 January 2002 – The Euro currency entered circulation in the European markets 1 July 2007 – Portugal’s third EEC presidency 23 and 24 March 2000 - European Council defines “Lisbon’s Strategy” December 2007 – The Treaty of Lisbon was signed by the EU member states
    5. 5. <ul><li>Portugal’s accession to the EU </li></ul>BEFORE the EU… 25 April 1974 – The end of the dictatorial regime “Estado Novo”, that lasted for 40 years Significant changes in Portugal: - Economic; - Social; - Political.
    6. 6. <ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Serious economic problems: </li></ul><ul><li>Low economic growth; </li></ul><ul><li>More unemployment; </li></ul><ul><li>Low wages; </li></ul><ul><li>Falling purchasing power; </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation rise. </li></ul> effects of decolonisation and the colonial war;  loss of traditional markets;  disorganisation of the production and financial systems;  the traditional foreign trade deficit;  global crisis (1973). Political  Great political instability: provisional governments came and went. Social <ul><li>Colonials come back from the Colonies increasing social problems; </li></ul><ul><li>Bad living conditions – poorer healthcare, education, social security, justice, etc. </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>In this context the ECs become an option </li></ul>Portugal’s accession to the European Communities then became a government-set target To avoid the country’s isolation To get external support to consolidate the democratic regime To get financial aid to improve the economy and implement the necessary reforms “… a fundamental option for a future of progress and modernity” Mário Soares, Portuguese Prime Minister in 1977
    8. 8. <ul><li>Portugal’s accession to the EU </li></ul>AFTER the EU… Extremely important consequences Economic Political Social <ul><li>Significant economic development; </li></ul><ul><li>Modernisation in the manufacturing sector; </li></ul><ul><li>Internationalisation of the Portuguese economy; </li></ul><ul><li>Higher purchasing power; </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation reduction. </li></ul><ul><li>Consolidation of the Portuguese democracy. </li></ul><ul><li>Better quality of life; </li></ul><ul><li>Better infrastructures and equipments; </li></ul><ul><li>Better social benefits; </li></ul><ul><li>Higher levels of education and professional qualifications. </li></ul>
    9. 9. 1986 and nowadays Structure of the Active Population Agriculture, Farming and Fisheries – 22% Manufacturing sector – 34% Service sector – 44% Average life expectancy Education rates in high schools Inflation Rate Men – 70,3 years Women –77,1 years Men – 75,8 years Women – 81,8 years 59,3% 17,8% 11,7% -0,2% Migration Balance - 26 949 individuals 9 361 individuals Agriculture, Farming and Fisheries – 12% Manufacturing sector – 29% Service sector – 59%
    10. 10. A SENSE OF BELONGING
    11. 11. The Portuguese and the EU
    12. 12. The Portuguese and Portugal’s accession
    13. 13. The long process which began in 1986 is still in progress and has had a crucial impact on the way we live, both as Portuguese and European citizens.

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