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Portugal_sp

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  • Adesão de Portugal é uma consequência do 25 de Abril.
  • Over a million people Mas condições de vida (um dos piores da EU)
  • Adesão de Portugal é uma consequência do 25 de Abril.
  • Adesão de Portugal é uma consequência do 25 de Abril.
  • Adesão de Portugal é uma consequência do 25 de Abril.
  • Adesão de Portugal é uma consequência do 25 de Abril.
  • Adesão de Portugal é uma consequência do 25 de Abril.
  • Transcript

    • 1. P O RTUGUESE EUROPEAN CONSTRUC T I O N
    • 2. SUMMARY  Main Events  Before the EU  After the EU  PORTUGUESE EUROPEAN CONSTRUCTION  A SENSE OF BELONGING  The Portuguese and the EU  The Portuguese and Portugal’s accession
    • 3. MAIN EVENTS … 28 March 1977 – Portugal formally applied for accession to the EEC. 17 October 1978 – Beginning of the negotiations to prepare Portugal’s accession; 12 June 1985 – Official signing of the Treaty of Accession to the EEC, in Lisbon. 1 January 1986 – Portugal formally became a member of the Communities. 1 January 1992 – Portugal’ first EEC presidency
    • 4. MAIN EVENTS … January 1993 – Accession to the Single Market 1 January 2000 – Portugal’s second EEC presidency 1 January 2002 – The Euro currency entered circulation in the European markets 1 July 2007 – Portugal’s third EEC presidency 23 and 24 March 2000 - European Council defines “Lisbon’s Strategy” December 2007 – The Treaty of Lisbon was signed by the EU member states
    • 5.
      • Portugal’s accession to the EU
      BEFORE the EU… 25 April 1974 – The end of the dictatorial regime “Estado Novo”, that lasted for 40 years Significant changes in Portugal: - Economic; - Social; - Political.
    • 6.
      • Economic
      • Serious economic problems:
      • Low economic growth;
      • More unemployment;
      • Low wages;
      • Falling purchasing power;
      • Inflation rise.
       effects of decolonisation and the colonial war;  loss of traditional markets;  disorganisation of the production and financial systems;  the traditional foreign trade deficit;  global crisis (1973). Political  Great political instability: provisional governments came and went. Social
      • Colonials come back from the Colonies increasing social problems;
      • Bad living conditions – poorer healthcare, education, social security, justice, etc.
    • 7.
      • In this context the ECs become an option
      Portugal’s accession to the European Communities then became a government-set target To avoid the country’s isolation To get external support to consolidate the democratic regime To get financial aid to improve the economy and implement the necessary reforms “… a fundamental option for a future of progress and modernity” Mário Soares, Portuguese Prime Minister in 1977
    • 8.
      • Portugal’s accession to the EU
      AFTER the EU… Extremely important consequences Economic Political Social
      • Significant economic development;
      • Modernisation in the manufacturing sector;
      • Internationalisation of the Portuguese economy;
      • Higher purchasing power;
      • Inflation reduction.
      • Consolidation of the Portuguese democracy.
      • Better quality of life;
      • Better infrastructures and equipments;
      • Better social benefits;
      • Higher levels of education and professional qualifications.
    • 9. 1986 and nowadays Structure of the Active Population Agriculture, Farming and Fisheries – 22% Manufacturing sector – 34% Service sector – 44% Average life expectancy Education rates in high schools Inflation Rate Men – 70,3 years Women –77,1 years Men – 75,8 years Women – 81,8 years 59,3% 17,8% 11,7% -0,2% Migration Balance - 26 949 individuals 9 361 individuals Agriculture, Farming and Fisheries – 12% Manufacturing sector – 29% Service sector – 59%
    • 10. A SENSE OF BELONGING
    • 11. The Portuguese and the EU
    • 12. The Portuguese and Portugal’s accession
    • 13. The long process which began in 1986 is still in progress and has had a crucial impact on the way we live, both as Portuguese and European citizens.