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  1. 1. POLAND Polska
  2. 3. GARWOLIN – our city
  3. 4. High school im. Marszałka Jozefa Pilsudskiego in Garwolin – our school Churches in Garwolin Russian Cementary
  4. 5. To fully understand the Poles, you should know at least some basic facts from the country’s history.A history is full of ups and downs, both beautiful and difficult events.
  5. 6. To 18th century Poland was a very big and strong country.
  6. 7. In 18th century Poland disappeared from the map of the world as a result of partitions. After the First World War in 1918 Poland regained independence.
  7. 8. Today Poland is one of the biggest European countries with the population of 38 million and the capital in Warsaw.
  8. 9. While thinking of the history of Poland, you get to know some great personalities; people who contributed greatly to the changes not only in our country, but also in Europe and in the whole world.
  9. 10. Karol Wojtyla – John Paul II
  10. 13. LECH WALESA President of Poland 1990–1995 and Awarded with Peace Nobel Prize .
  11. 14. He presided over free trade unions SOLIDARNOSC. Trade unions which were struggling for freedom and sovereignty, for independence from the Soviet Union.
  12. 15. JOZEF PILSUDSKI Patron of our school.
  13. 16. Jozel Pilsudski was a genius commander who led the Polish army in the battle of Warsaw in 1920. Thanks to that effort the bolsheviks pushed back from Europe and the continent was protected from the flood of Communism.
  14. 17. FREDERIC CHOPIN Eminent Polish composer and pianist. Polish people who we are proud of
  15. 18. ADAM MICKIEWICZ One of the most notable poets.
  16. 19. MARIA SKLODOWSKA-CURIE Famous Polish scientist . Awarded twice with a Nobel Prize (Chemistry and Physics).
  17. 20. The crucial point in modern Polish history was 1989 when the communist system was replaced by democracy.
  18. 21. After many years of humiliating experiences, many believed to regain freedom and independence. It was back then that a long and complicated process of internal changes began. The main idea behind those changes has always been the conviction that Poland is a part of Europe, it has been one since the beginning of the state’s existence in the 10th century
  19. 22. The process of Polish entry into the structures of European Union was the most important issue. The government started efforts in 1989 when the agreement about trade and cooperation between Poland and the EU was signed.
  20. 23. In 1994 Poland applied for membership in the EU. For us it was a way to democracy and comprehensive development which has brought concrete, measurable results.
  21. 24. In 2002 Poland signed Accession Treaty in Copenhagen.
  22. 25. In 2003 the Poles voted in referendum about joining the EU. 77,5% of the Poles said ‘yes’.
  23. 26. The Treaty of Accession was signed in Athens on 16th April 2003, bringing Poland in the EU.
  24. 27. Poland joined the EU on 1st May 2004
  25. 28. Poland has access to EU structural funds to help develop regions and improve infrastructure. Bridges, swimming pools, roads are being built. GARWOLIN BYDGOSZCZ GDYNIA DZIERŻENIÓW RADOM
  26. 29. What do the Poles think about EU? What bothers us? What makes us happy?
  27. 30. Benefits of joining the EU: Polish students can participate in the educational programmes which gives scholarships for studying abroad No boundaries between all EU countries, no visas, easy travelling Possibility to move to any member country and find a legal job
  28. 31. <ul><li>The introduction of the common European currency – the EURO </li></ul>The emigration of our specialists – for example, doctors We are worried about:
  29. 32. We feel the community despite the differences