POLITICAL IDENTITY OF CYPRUS<br />Polemidia Lyceum <br />1<br />
Location of Cyprus<br /><ul><li>The island is located in the northeast Mediterranean Sea
It has an important position between Europe, Africa and Asia</li></ul>2<br />
Cyprus emerged from the sea, 10 to 15 million years agoIt is called the island of Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty<br />3<br />
Blessing or curse?<br />BLESSING BECAUSE IT BECAME A PLACE OF MEETING IDEAS AND CULTURES <br />CURSE <br />BECAUSE ITS <br />STRATEGIC LOCATION ATTRACTED MANY CONQUERORS <br />4<br />
History of Cyprus<br /><ul><li>A history of 9,000 years
Civilization dates back to the Stone Age</li></ul>5<br />CHIROKITIA SETTLEMENT<br />
Settlement of Mycenaean in Cyprus during the Bronze Ages <br />6<br />
THE NAME OF CYPRUS<br />“ CUPRUS” from large copper (Cuprum ) deposits in its earth.<br />7<br />Copper base on wheels Mycenaean period (12B.C.)<br />
Ancient Times –conquerors of Cyprus<br />8<br />
Conquerors of Medieval and Modern Ages <br />9<br />
In 1955-59 Cypriots made a liberation Struggle Vs to British Colonial policy for their freedom and independence <br />10<br />
THE REPUBLIC OF CYPRUS INDEPENDENT STATE October 1st 1960<br />Cyprus gained its independence, <br />was recognized as an independent <br />and sovereign state and <br />joined the family of nations as<br />the Republic of Cyprus.<br />11<br />
CYPRUS IS A MULTICULTURAL COUNTRY<br />80% Greek Cypriots<br />18% Turkish Cypriots<br />2% other Maronites, Armenians, Latins<br />Minorities that remained from Latin and Turkish occupation in Cyprus<br />12<br />
<ul><li>On 20th July 1974,the Turks army invaded the island , by air and sea, despite of the UN Charter
1/3 of the population was forcibly expelled from their homes and properties</li></ul>Invasion of Cyprus by Turkey<br />13<br />
Invasion of Cyprus by Turkey<br /><ul><li>200,000 became refugees in their own country
Thousands of people were killed, others were lost</li></ul>MY PARENTS ARE MISSING<br />
Efforts for the solution of the Cyprus Problem<br />For 36 years, Cyprus is trying to find a fair and lasting solution to the Cyprus problem in accordance to the principles of the UN Charter.<br /> The aim of Cyprus was to become a member of the European Union. <br />15<br />
Accession of Cyprus to E.U.<br />May 1st, 2004 constitutes a historic moment for CYPRUS. It becomes a full member of the European Union and has the unique opportunity to belong to the big family of Europe. <br />16<br />
17<br />Wide open doors for Cyprus Accession<br />Yesterday, it was a historical day for Cyprus. The European Union of “15” decided the accession of ten new countries including Cyprus, in May 2004. At 10 p.m., Members of the European Commission welcomed the leaders of the ten new European Countries-members in a special ceremony.<br />During the two day congress of the E.U. in Copenhagen, two important subjects were discussed: the Cyprus Problem and the accession of Turkey to the E.U.<br />According to yesterdays conclusions of the high committee of Copenhagen, Cyprus becomes a member of E.U. even though the political problem has not been resolved. As it is clearly shown from the conclusions, the E.U. encourages the two communities to resolve the Cyprus problem as soon as possible. At the same time, the E.U. shows the proposals of the Anan Plan as a unique opportunity for the resolution.<br />The Council calls on the European Commission to proceed in cooperation and agreement with the Cyprus Government in order to find ways for the financial development of the north occupied part of Cyprus, which is necessary for the accession of this part also. Yesterday, the president of Cyprus, Mr Klirides, announced a series of measures for the support of the Turkish Cypriots which will be presented within this week. <br />Twelve years after the application for accession, Cyprus is, since last night, an official member in the EU. Our attention now is towards the Accession Treaty which will take place in Athens next April. <br />BEFORE E.U. ACCESSION<br />ARTICLE from “Phileleftheros” newspaper<br />14 December 2002<br />
ARTICLE BEFORE E.U. ACCESSIONPolitical status of Cyprus before the accession in the E.U.<br /><ul><li>After twelve years of efforts, Cyprus finally is strengthened by becoming a European Partner in 2002.
Cyprus Government looks forward to resolve the Cyprus problem and feels more secure, with help coming from the E.U and U.N assistance.</li></ul>18<br />
Political status of Cyprus before the accession in the E.U.<br /><ul><li>In order to show good will, Cyprus Government announces a series of measures for economical support of the Turkish Cypriots.
The E.U. encourages the two communities to resolve the Cyprus problem as soon as possible.</li></ul>19<br />
20<br />What changes have been made, concerning the Cyprus problem, after the accession of Cyprus in the European community<br />Fifty years from the commencement of the structuring of a unified Europe, the borders and the identities as symbols of national discrimination, have now been replaced with a unified European area. Within this area, the European citizen, with a new European identity, is now moving about equally and freely. Cyprus is now an integral historical and cultural part of Europe. Nevertheless four years after its accession in the European family, Cyprus remains separated with border lines and barbed wires and it is the only exception that smears the vision of a unified Europe.<br />Cyprus’s attempts are focused on finding a solution to this problem, based on the rights of National Law, which will enable the island to be reunited. This solution should allow the two communities, to live peacefully under an integrated government and one national identity which would ensure the human rights for both Greek and Turkish Cypriots.<br />Due to the fact that Cyprus is now a full member of the European family, the solution to the Cyprus problem must now be according to the rules and regulations of the European Union. This compatibility is necessary of a successful functioning and peaceful co-existence of both communities.<br />The hard core structure of the European union is comprised of the rights of its citizens which provide a guarantee for their well being. For Cypriot citizens, this is very important because it ensures their safety and the viability of the solution.<br />The political status of the European union is working towards a uniform progress of all European area. This includes occupied countries of course, such as the North side of Cyprus. After the solution it is expected that the European union will try for the establishment of an economical equality between the two communities. The Turkish-Cypriots are already enjoying the benefits that arise from the European citizenship, for those of course that are entitled to Cyprus’ legal documents.<br />The dynamics that arose after the accession of Cyprus in the European family, and the negotiations under way for the accession of Turkey, provide a new prospective for the solution to the Cyprus problem. This new prospective added an additional pressure to Turkey towards showing a good will with respect to the solution.<br />Cyprus remains focused on the strict obligations of all members of the European union. This is the ingredient for the protection of the European area, mostly because this is the only way for Turkey to evolve into a democratic country that will respect the national law and resolve any differences with dialogue and peaceful means.<br />The message for Turkey is now clear. In order to join the European family, it has to fulfill all its obligations towards all members including Cyprus.<br />AFTER E.U. ACCESSION<br />ARTICLE from PRESS AND INFORMATION OFFICE <br /> 10 February 2008<br />
ARTICLE AFTER E.U. ASSESION<br />What are the political changes after Cyprus Accession in the European Union? (1)<br /><ul><li>Citizens of Cyprus possess the European Identity that provides them the right of free movement
Even though Cyprus remains separated with border lines, the solution in Cyprus must now be according to the rules of the European Treaties and European Law</li></ul>21<br />
<ul><li>Cyprus Government tries to build bridges between Greek and Turkish Cypriots to live peacefully under an integrated government in a reunited island.
Citizens of Cyprus feel more secure as members of the E.U. because they are now European citizens as they are supported by the principles of E.U: Liberty, Democracy, Respect for human rights and Freedom.</li></ul>22<br />What are the political changes after Cyprus Accession to the European Union? (2)<br />
What are the political changes after Cyprus Accession in the European Union? (3)<br /><ul><li>Considering that negotiations underway for the accession of Turkey in E.U and the fact that Cyprus is already a member, there is now a new prospective for the solution of the Cyprus problem. Turkey has to comply with the E.U. regulations and resolve its differences with the other already members of E.U, especially Cyprus.</li></ul>23<br />
SURVEY IDENTITY <br />POPULATION: RESIDENCE OF POLEMIDIA<br />SAMPLE:247 STUDENTS AND ADULTS<br />PERIOD OF SURVEY: OCTOBER 2010<br />METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION: QUESTIONER <br />
INTERVIEW OF MEP ELENI THEOCHAROUS<br />“ E.U. will become a paneuropean confederation, where each state will be equivalently and proportionally represented in all inequalities”<br />38<br />
INTERVIEW OF MEP ELENI THEOCHAROUS<br />“ The E.U. will constitute a factor of peace, stability, safety, and prosperity in the world, through common education that will lit up and release spirits and through the protection of the civilization and culture of each one of us”.<br />39<br />
We are looking forward to seeing you all in Cyprus<br />40<br />
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