The Long 19 th  Century  Andrew Lelja History 141 71154
The Americas in the 19 th  Century <ul><li>During the 18 th  and 19 th  centuries, most places in the western hemisphere w...
The Americas in the 19 th  Century <ul><li>After winning independence from Britain, the United States formed a government ...
The Little Ice Age <ul><li>The Little Ice Age was a period of cooling in the earth’s temperature during what followed the ...
Frontiers of America <ul><li>In 1803, The United States purchased land that France claimed as their territory. </li></ul><...
Frontiers of America <ul><li>Politics in 19 th  Century Brazil were centered around family. </li></ul><ul><li>The father w...
Crossroads of Freedom <ul><li>The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as First Manassas, was fought on July 21, 1861. </l...
Crossroads of Freedom <ul><li>The Seven Days Battle was a series of six major battles over seven days from June 25 to July...
Crossroads of Freedom <ul><li>The Maryland Campaign is widely considered on of the major turning points of the American Ci...
Crossroads of Freedom <ul><li>The Battle of Antietam was also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg. </li></ul><ul><li>I was f...
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Hist 141 the long 19th century

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    1. 1. The Long 19 th Century Andrew Lelja History 141 71154
    2. 2. The Americas in the 19 th Century <ul><li>During the 18 th and 19 th centuries, most places in the western hemisphere won their independence from European Colonial powers. </li></ul><ul><li>The United States built the most powerful state in the western hemisphere and worked quickly to acquire all land possible in North America. </li></ul><ul><li>Latin America built smaller states that usually fell under rule to local military leaders. </li></ul><ul><li>Both North and South America worked to build societies based on freedom, equality, and constitutional government, but the results varied based on social, economic, and cultural diversity. </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Americas in the 19 th Century <ul><li>After winning independence from Britain, the United States formed a government and began to expand west. </li></ul><ul><li>Differences over slavery and the rights of individual states as opposed to the federal government sparked a massive civil war in the 1860s. </li></ul><ul><li>This resulted in the abolition of slavery and the strengthening of the federal state. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1776 the United States signed the Declaration of Independence to try and created equality among the people. </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Little Ice Age <ul><li>The Little Ice Age was a period of cooling in the earth’s temperature during what followed the Medieval Warm Period. </li></ul><ul><li>The glaciers in the Northern and Southern Hemispheres were growing rapidly and forcing people out of their land. </li></ul><ul><li>It was a time of incredible suffering and brought about major change and adaption. </li></ul><ul><li>During the 14th and 19 th centuries the earths temperature was 2-3 degrees below normal. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1315, all of Northern Europe's weather changing dramatically followed by 5 years of non stop, drenching rains and intense storms </li></ul><ul><li>This led many Northern Europeans to migrate to the Americas, and help develop the United States. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Frontiers of America <ul><li>In 1803, The United States purchased land that France claimed as their territory. </li></ul><ul><li>This was known as the Louisiana Purchase. </li></ul><ul><li>The U.S. paid 15 million dollars for 828,800 square miles of land. </li></ul><ul><li>The purchase covered 6 whole states and portions of 9 other states. </li></ul><ul><li>In one day, this purchase helped the United States double in size. </li></ul><ul><li>The Haitian Revolution from 1791-1804 was a period of conflict in the French colony of Saint-Domingue. </li></ul><ul><li>The results of the revolution were the elimination of slavery and the founding of the Haitian Republic. </li></ul><ul><li>The Haitian Revolution is a defining moment in history for Africans in the New World. </li></ul><ul><li>After the Louisiana Purchase, the French gave up rule in Haiti, and it became the first independent nation, and the first black-led nation in Latin America. </li></ul>
    6. 6. Frontiers of America <ul><li>Politics in 19 th Century Brazil were centered around family. </li></ul><ul><li>The father was responsible for protecting and controlling the women and children. </li></ul><ul><li>The father and sons together were responsible for preserving the families integrity and safeguarding the “honor” of female relations in the household. </li></ul><ul><li>Men shaped the political world in which women lived. </li></ul><ul><li>Carlota Lucia de Brito - mistress to a powerful Paraiban politician and had a major impact on political life in Brazilian province. </li></ul><ul><li>Roughly every 30 years, there were major droughts that changed normal way of life. </li></ul><ul><li>Carlota had Trajano murdered for revenge, and then joined her husband in fleeing the province. </li></ul><ul><li>People of South American the 1800s were very violent and hostile, it was normal and part of everyday life. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Crossroads of Freedom <ul><li>The First Battle of Bull Run, also known as First Manassas, was fought on July 21, 1861. </li></ul><ul><li>This was the first major land battle in the American Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>The Northern public wanted to march against the Confederate capital of Richmond, VA and try to bring and early end to the war. </li></ul><ul><li>The Union surprise attacked the Confederates, but both side fought for a while and made it nowhere, making them all realize the war may be a lot longer than anticipated; can’t be won in a single battle. </li></ul><ul><li>The Battle of Second Manassas was also known as the Second Battle of Bull Run was fought from August 28-30, 1862. </li></ul><ul><li>The Confederates captured the Unions supplies as Manassas Junction, and this led the Union to attack. </li></ul><ul><li>Both sides kept counterattacking, until the Union counterattacked with the largest, simultaneous mass assault of the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Helped them prevent a repeat to end of First Manassas. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Crossroads of Freedom <ul><li>The Seven Days Battle was a series of six major battles over seven days from June 25 to July 1, 1962. </li></ul><ul><li>General Robert E. Lee drove the invading Union Army, commanded by Major General George B. McClellan away from Richmond and into a retreat down the Virginia Peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>This led McClellan to want to fight back and take over Richmond, VA. </li></ul><ul><li>The Peninsula Campaign was a major Union operation was an amphibious attack intended to capture the Confederate capital of Richmond, VA by circumventing the Confederate States Army. </li></ul><ul><li>McClellan was initially successful against Robert E. Lee, but the emergence of an aggressive General Lee turned the Seven Days Battle into a Union defeat. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Crossroads of Freedom <ul><li>The Maryland Campaign is widely considered on of the major turning points of the American Civil War. </li></ul><ul><li>On September 4, 1862, Gen. Robert E. Lee moved north with 55,000 men to resupply them outside Virginia theater and to damage northern morale. </li></ul><ul><li>He split his army up while on the move to accomplish multiple objectives, but Gen. McClellan finds a copy of Lee’s orders and now plans to secretly intercept and attack his troops. </li></ul><ul><li>The Battle of South Mountain delayed McClellan’s advance, and allowed Lee to gather his Army together in Sharpsburg, MD. </li></ul><ul><li>This leads to the Battle of Antietam. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Crossroads of Freedom <ul><li>The Battle of Antietam was also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg. </li></ul><ul><li>I was fought on September 17, 1862 near Sharpsburg, MD and the Antietam Creek. </li></ul><ul><li>This was the first major battle in the American Civil War fought on Northern soil. </li></ul><ul><li>It was the bloodiest single day battle in American history with around 23,000 casualties. </li></ul><ul><li>Robert E. Lee’s victory over George B. McClellan had enough significance to give Abraham Lincoln confidence to announce his Emancipation Proclamation. </li></ul><ul><li>This discouraged the British and French governments from potential plans for recognition of the Confederacy. </li></ul>
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