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Hist 141   california and the civil war
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Hist 141 california and the civil war



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  • 1. California and the Civil War The Fight for Slavery in California Andrew Lelja History 141 71154
  • 2. Mexican-American War
    • In 1845, Texas was annexed to the United States.
    • The Mexican-American War of 1846-1848 reduced the size of Mexico by more than half and increased the U.S. by one-third.
    • Congressman David Wilmot introduced his “Proviso” that stipulated any territory acquired from Mexico “neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall exist in any part of said territory.”
  • 3. Slavery in the West
    • They government officials felt slavery would never expand past Texas anyway because the weather is very harsh, dry and arid.
    • In 1852 and 1859, Utah and New Mexico legalized slavery.
    • California legislatures tried to tie themselves to those states, and California's representatives and senators voted in support of slavery.
  • 4. The Gold Rush
    • In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo transferred California from Mexico to the U.S.
    • At same time, workers building a sawmill on the American River near Sacramento discovered flecks of gold in the riverbed.
    • By the spring of 1849, tens of thousands of men from the U.S., as well as China, Chile, Mexico, Australia and France came to California in search of gold.
    • This led to California being admitted as a free state.
    • Many Southerners continued to protest against California for being a fee state, but their protest didn’t turn it around.
  • 5. The Struggle Over California
    • The “Chivalry” were Southern born politicians who lived in California and continued to own slaves because they came from states where slavery was accepted.
    • The Chiv’s continued to kill off the opposition, and repeatedly tried to bring slavery to California.
    • They worked on splitting California into two parts, with the Southern half allowing slavery.
    • This passed in California, but once it reached Congress it dies slowly and California remained one state.
    • Now, people concentrated their efforts into filibustering slavery to new places like Cuba, that were not in the United States.