Fair Housing And Ada HumburgPresentation Transcript
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 Presented to The Florida Housing Coalition September 22, 2009
Director of Housing Development
Director of ADA Services
Fair Housing Education and Outreach, 2007
Consultant to the City of St. Petersburg on ADA issues for over a decade & former chair of CAPI
DBTAC Affiliate for the State of Florida since 1992
Authored ADA Transition Plans for Hillsborough County, Osceola County, City of Indiana Rocks Beach, West Palm Beach, Green Cove Springs, Hillsborough County Court System, and others.
Consultant on hundreds of ADA lawsuits and complaints
Chair of the Accessibility Advisory Committee of the Florida Building Code Commission
Trained by U.S. DOJ, EEOC, Access Board, & HUD.
The DBTAC is a N e twork of 10 Regional Centers providing TA throughout the country with over 2,200 affiliates at the local, state and regional level.
“ The Basics”- Civil Rights Laws that Protect Individuals with Disabilities
Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Fair Housing Act (1988 amd.)
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act
Air Carriers Access Act
And Several Others…
Florida Human Rights Act
Florida Statues, Chapters 553, 316, etc.
Title I Employment
Title II Public Entities
Title III Public Accommodations
and commercial facilities
Title IV Telecommunications
Title V Miscellaneous
Definition of Disability
With Respect to the Individual…
Physical or Mental Impairment that substantially limits one or more of a major life activity...
Record of impairment
Regarded as having an impairment
The ADA Amendments Act
Broadens coverage to individuals the Courts had said were not “Disabled”
Mitigating measures should NOT be considered (i.e. medications, etc.)
An exception is made for “ordinary eyeglasses or contact lenses” which may be taken into account.
The ADA Amendments Act
Major Life Activities can be just one activity and should include “Major Bodily Functions” (i.e. immune system, normal cell growth, and the endocrine system)
Episodic conditions or “in remission” are now covered if the impairment would substantially limit a major life activity when in it’s active state
The ADA Amendments Act
“… the primary object of the court’s attention in ADA Cases should be whether covered entities have complied with their obligations and that the question of whether an individual’s impairment is a disability should not demand extensive analysis”
Title I ~ General Rule
No covered entity shall discriminate against a qualified individual with a disability, because of the disability of such individual in regard to the job application procedures, the hiring, advancement, or discharge of employees, employee compensation, job training, and other terms, conditions, and privileges of employment
“ Qualified Individual with a Disability”
An individual with a disability who satisfies the requisite skills, experience and education requirements of the position the person holds or desires and who, with or without reasonable accommodation, can perform the essential functions of such position.
“ Reasonable Accommodation”
Any modification or adjustment to a job, an employment practice, or the work environment that makes it possible for an individual with a disability to enjoy an equal employment opportunity.
Required in 3 Areas
Performance of the essential functions of a job
Enjoyment of equal benefits and privileges of employment
“ Undue Hardship”
An action that is “unduly costly, extensive, substantial, or disruptive, or that would fundamentally alter the nature or operation of the business”
Drug and Alcohol Use
The use of illegal drugs is never protected under the ADA.
Alcohol is legal and use is not automatically disqualifying.
Title II, State & Local Government Coverage
Prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in the services, programs, or activities of all state and local government entities.
Subtitle A: State and Local Governments
Subtitle B: Public Transportation
Title II, Public Entities
Obligations cover all programs, services, and activities provided directly or indirectly through contracts .
General public contact
Programs for beneficiaries and participants
Title II: “Program Accessibility”
A public entity’s services, program, or activities, when viewed in their entirety, must be readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities.
Title II: Program Accessibility
Does not require all buildings and facilities to be accessible
Priority must be given to the method that results in the most integrated setting
May include aides, equipment, or the relocation of program
The ADA, Title II General Non-Discrimination Provisions
Cannot refuse to provide service
Cannot require participation in separate programs
No unnecessary eligibility standards
Need to anticipate needs of people with disabilities
No special requirements
Must provide reasonable accommodations
Must make reasonable modifications
Title II: Qualified Individual with a Disability
To be “Qualified”, the individual with a disability must meet the essential eligibility requirements for receipt of services or participation in a public entities program, activities, or services with or without…
Reasonable modification to rules, policies, or practices;
Removal of architectural, communication, or transportation barriers; or
Provision of auxiliary aids and services
An employer is not required to hire or continue to employ an individual who poses a direct threat to the health or safety of the individual or others.
A direct threat is a “significant risk of substantial harm to the health or safety of the individual or others that cannot be eliminated or reduced by reasonable accommodation”
Factors to consider…
The duration of the risk
The nature and severity of the potential harm;
The likelihood that the potential harm will occur; and
The imminence of the potential harm
Title III: Public Accommodations
A public accommodation may not discriminate against an individual with a disability…they may not be denied the full and equal enjoyment of the “goods, services, facilities, privileges, advantages, or accommodations” offered by a place of public accommodation.
Title III, Who is Covered?
Private entities that own, operate, lease, or lease to a place of public accommodation
Private entities that affect commerce (non-residential) office buildings, factories, warehouses, etc.
that offer certain examinations
Title III: Public Accommodations
Places of lodging
Serves food or drink
Places of exhibition or entertainment
Places of public gathering
Sales or rental establishments
Public transportation terminals & stations
Places of public display
Places of recreation
Places of education
Social Service Centers
Places of exercise or recreation
Developed for private sector facilities – ADA (Title III) by the Access Board
Usable by state and local governments (with exceptions) – (ADA Title II)
Access Board recently published a new ADAAG and ABA
Florida Building Code, Chapter 11
Florida Accessibility Code for Building Construction (FACBC)
Certification by the Department of Justice
Enforced by Local Building Code Officials & Inspectors
Review is underway to incorporate Florida specific items into the new ADAAG/ABA
The “Florida” Accessible Parking Space
All accessible parking spaces in Florida are 12 feet wide
5 foot access aisles are required and can be shared by two spaces
44 inch path of travel cannot go behind parked cars
Designation & Location
Title III: Barrier Removal
Public accommodations must remove architectural barriers and communication barriers that are structural in nature in existing facilities, when it is readily achievable to do so.
Accessible features should also be maintained.
“ Readily Achievable”
Means easily accomplishable and able to be carried out without significant difficulty or expense.
No Grandfather Clause Exists !!
New Construction Requirements
Homeless Shelters and Transitional Facilities fall under “Accessible Transient Lodging” (Section 11-9)
Specific requirements for sleeping rooms, common areas, rest rooms (5% roll-in showers), etc.
Visual alarms, notification devices, and telephone requirements, etc.
Communication must be as effective as communication with others.
Auxiliary aids and services including interpreters, TDD’s, large print, Braille…
Priority must be given to preferred method for public entities only.
Effective Communication may mean real time transcription, also known as “CART”.
For many individuals who are deaf, a sign language interpreter may be the only truly effective means of communication.
Service animals are NOT pets and service charges or pet deposits may not be applied in any form.
The ADA does not require identification cards or documentation for the animal.
Permanent Housing providers may request documentation of the “service” being provided under the Fair Housing Act.
U.S. V. District of Columbia
Comprehensive Physical Accessibility Plan
Reasonable Modification Policies
Oversight of Contractors and Subcontractors
San Francisco, CA
U.S. Access Board
(800) 872-2253 (voice)
(800) 993-2822 (TTY)
(202) 272-0081 (FAX)
SE Disability & Business Technical Assistance Center