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Origin ofhumans3

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  • 1. The Origin
    of Humans
  • 2. The First Humans
    Theories on prehistory and early man constantly change as new evidence comes to light. - Louis Leakey, British paleoanthropologist
  • 3. Geologic Time
    Earth – 4.5-6 Billion Years old
    Carbon Dating – When things die they stop absorbing carbon
    Uranium Dating – Can date things much older than carbon
  • 4. Geologic Time
    1 Billion Years ago – First life
    65 million years ago – Dinos lived
    4 million years ago – First “human like” creatures – Lucy
    1,750,000 First Human – “Cavemen”
    6,000 years ago first civilization
  • 5. Early Discoveries
  • 6. Stages of Early
    Human Development
    1. 4,000,000 BC – 1,000,000 BC
    Paleolithic Age:( Old Stone Age )
    2,500,000 BC to 8,000 BC
    2. 1,500,000 BC -- 250,000 BC
    3. 250,000 BC – 30,000 BC
    4. 30,000 BC -- 10,000 BC
  • 7. STAGES OFDEVELOPMENT
    1. Australopithecus – “Lucy”
    4 Million years ago
    Early Hominid – 4 ft tall
    2. Homo Habilis – Human with abilities
    1.5 million years ago
    3. Homo Erectus – Walks Upright
    4. Homo Sapien – Person who thinks
  • 8. Stage 1
    4,000,000 BC – 1,000,000 BC
    • Hominids --> any member of the family of two-legged primates that includes all humans.
    • 9. Australopithecines
    • 10. An Apposable Thumb
    “Lucy” – Oldest found
  • 11. Stage 2
    • HOMO HABILIS( “Man of Skills” )
    • 12. found in East Africa.
    • 13. created stone tools.
  • The Paleolithic Age
    • “Paleolithic”--> “Old Stone” Age
    • 14. 2,500,000 BC – 10,000 BC
    • 15. Made tools
    • 16. hunting (men) & gathering (women) --> small bands of 20-30 humans
    • 17. NOMADIC (moving from place to place)
  • The Paleolithic Age
    • Humans during this period found shelter in caves.
    • 18. Cave paintings left behind.
    Purpose??
  • 19. Stage 3
    1,6000,000 BC – 30,000 BC
    • HOMO ERECTUS ( “Upright Human Being” )
    • 20. BIPEDALISM
    • 21. Larger and more varied tools --> primitive technology
    • 22. First hominid to migrate and leave Africa for Europe and Asia.
    • 23. First to use fire ( 500,000 BC )
  • Differing Human Migration Theories
    Are we all Africans “under the skin”????
  • 24. Stage 4
    200,000 BC – 10,000 BC
    HOMO SAPIENS( “Wise Human Being” )
    Neanderthals( 200,000 BC – 30,000 BC )
    Cro-Magnons( 40,000 BC – 10,000 BC )
    “Ice Man”
  • 25. Stage 4
    NEANDERTHALS:
    • Neander Valley, Germany (1856)
    • 26. First humans to bury their dead.
    • 27. Made clothes from animal skins.
    • 28. Lived in caves and tents.
  • Stage 4
    NEANDERTHALS
    Early Hut/Tent
  • 29. Stage 4
    CRO-MAGNONs:
    • Homo sapiens sapiens( “Wise, wise human” )
    • 30. By 30,000 BCE they replaced Neanderthals.
    WHY???
  • 31. Homo sapiens in Europe
  • 32. The Last Ice Age
    70,000 BC – 10,000 BC
  • 33. The Neolithic Age
    • “Neolithic” --> “New Stone” Age
    • 34. 10,000 BC – 4,000 BC
    • 35. Gradual shift from:
    Nomadic lifestyle--> settled, stationery lifestyle.
    Hunting/Gathering --> agricultural production and domestication of animals.
    *Jewelry worn
  • 36. The Agricultural Revolution
    • 8,000 BC – 5,000 BC
    • 37. Agriculture developed independently in different parts of the world.
    • 38. Shift from food gathering to food production
    Middle East India Central America China Southeast Asia
    8,000 BC 7,000 BC 6,500 BC 6,000 BC 5,000 BC
  • 39. AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION
    Domestication – adaptation of plants and animals for use. (crops, pigs, cattle, goats)
    Used ashes, fish and manure for fertilization
    People’s diets improved with domestication
    Will eventually be too much of a good thing.
  • 40.
  • 41. The Agricultural Revolution
    ?
    ?
    Development
    of Agriculture
    ?
    ?
  • 42. The Agricultural Revolution
    Why do you think the development of agriculture occurred around the same time in several different places?
  • 43. The Agricultural Revolution
    Why do some archaeologists believe that women were the first farmers?
  • 44. Early Settled Communities
    • Growing crops on a regular basis made possible the support of larger populations.
    • 45. More permanent, settled communities emerged.
    • 46. 9,000 BCE --> Earliest Agricultural Settlement at JARMO( northern Iraq ) -->wheat
  • Early Settled Communities
    • 8,000 BC --> Largest Early Settlement atÇatal Hüyük( Modern Turkey ) --> 6,000 inhabitants
    • 47. 12 cultivated crops
    • 48. Division of labor
    • 49. Engaged in trade
    • 50. Organized religion
    An obsidian dagger
    • Small military
  • Early Settled Communities
    Çatal Hüyük
  • 51. The Agricultural Revolution
    What role did the food supply play in shaping the nomadic life of hunter-gatherers and the settled life of the farmers?
  • 52. Why is the
    "Neolithic Revolution"
    a turning point
    in human history??
  • 53. What is the
    next step in the
    development of
    human settlements??
  • 54. CITIES !
    CIVILIZATIONS !!
  • 55. What are the
    characteristics
    of a civilization??
  • 56. Advanced
    Cities
    Advanced
    Technology
    CIVILIZATION
    Specialized
    Workers
    Record-
    Keeping
    Complex
    Institutions

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