France and its political system


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France and its political system

  1. 1. The French Institutions
  2. 2. <ul><li>History of the French Local Government System </li></ul><ul><li>The French Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>The way of Law </li></ul><ul><li>Young people in Politics : Regional Council of the Youth of Picardy and Advisory Council of the Youth of Beauvais </li></ul>Table of contents LP les Jacobins, Beauvais
  3. 3. History of the French Local Government System There are two important stages in the French history. 1: the french revolution, creation of the departments II : birth of the regions, decentralization France is divided in many parts named provinces. The origin of the provinces is historical : it comes from the annexions, the wars, the unions between the states. You can see on the map the first Picardie (14), which was not the same as today : a part was in Ile-de-France (1), an important part because our town, Beauvais, was into it. Picardie 1789. Before the Republic.
  4. 4. Too large, too disproportionate, badly controlled, the past provinces were changed into the departments (1790) smaller and better adapted to the need of control from the new republic. The Oise (60), where we are from, is a department in the north of Paris; its capital is Beauvais, where our college is. Oise First stage : creation of the departments.
  5. 5. In 1960, president de Gaulle created 22 regions, without any power, just to equilibrate the country. Picardie was made of three departments, the Somme, the Aisne and the Oise, where we are from . In 1982, a law of decentralization gave competences to the regions (tourism, transport, colleges). In 1986, the first regional council was elected for 6 years. This week-end was the second round of the regional election in France. The aim of these elections is the probable disappearance of the departments. Second stage : birth of the regions, decentralization. Now, France has new local systems to compete with the other European states; the future will tell if our country will evolve to federalism or not.
  6. 6. The French population. The citizens (people over 18) can vote. National Assembly Senate The President of the Republic Government. The PM is chosen from the majority of the National Assembly Regional and departmental directions Civil servants The French Institutions
  7. 8. Government Parliament Bill a law Bill a law Debates on the law between the senate and the national assembly to agree on a text The president approves it and it becomes a law Publication in the official newspaper Application to the citizens The citizens elected a President and his government which corresponds to him
  8. 9. Young people in politic The Regional Youth Council in Picardie The Regional Youth Council allows the 15-22 years old to stand as candidates to serve on the Regional Youth Council. The terms of reference of the Regional Youth will end in December. After, a new assembly will be elected. 60 seats are filled, divided equally between boys and girls. It offers all young people, students or apprentices, employees and job applicants who live, work and study in Picardie, power of expression and proposal on regional policies.
  9. 10. Young people in politic The Advisory Council for the Youth of Beauvais of Beauvais of Beauvais <ul><li>The Advisory Council of the Youth of Beauvais allows the Young People between 11 and 16 years old who are living in Beauvais to discuss the problems of the town (about sport, health) or to discover the local, national or european institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>This council is made of 19 members for one year. They’re choosing their committees (culture, communication, ecology, sport) and can propose some projects. It’s a first step to autonomy and responsability. This council is a school of citizenship; a hope for the future ! </li></ul>
  10. 11. Thank you for your attention !