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प्रकृति का विशेष उपहार गेहूँ का ज्वारा …

प्रकृति का विशेष उपहार गेहूँ का ज्वारा
प्रकृति ने हमें स्वस्थ, ऊर्जावान, निरोगी और आयुष्मान रहने के लिए हमें अनेक प्रकार के पौष्टिक फल, फूल, मेवे, तरकारियां, जड़ी-बूटियां, मसाले, शहद और अन्य खाद्यान्न दिये हैं। ऐसा ही एक संजीवनी का बूटा है गेहूँ का ज्वारा। इसका वानस्पतिक नाम “ट्रिटिकम वेस्टिकम” है। डॉ. एन विग्मोर ज्वारे के रस को “हरित रक्त”कहती है। इसे गेहूँ का ज्वारा या घास कहना ठीक नहीं होगा। यह वास्तव में अंकुरित गेहूँ है।

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  • 1. 1 | P a g e ç—fr dk fo'ks"k migkj xsgw¡ dk Tokjk ç—fr us gesa LoLFk] ÅtkZoku] fujksxh vkSj vk;q"eku jgus ds fy, gesa vusd çdkj ds ikSf"Vd Qy] Qwy] esos] rjdkfj;ka] tM+h&cwfV;ka] elkys] 'kgn vkSj vU; [kk|kUu fn;s gSaA ,slk gh ,d lathouh dk cwVk gS xsgw¡ dk TokjkA bldk okuLifrd uke ÞfVªfVde osfLVdeß gSA M‚- ,u foXeksj Tokjs ds jl dks Þgfjr jäß dgrh gSA bls xsgw¡ dk Tokjk ;k ?kkl dguk Bhd ugha gksxkA ;g okLro esa vadqfjr xsgw¡ gSA xsgw¡ dk Tokjk ,d ltho] lqikP;] ikSf"Vd vkSj laiw.kZ vkgkj gSA blesa Hkjiwj DyksjksfQy] fd.od ¼,atkbEl½] vekbuks ,flM~l] 'kdZjk] olk] foVkfeu vkSj [kfut gksrs gSaA DyksjksfQy lw;Z çdk'k dk igyk mRikn gS vr% blesa lcls T;knk lw;Z dh ÅtkZ gksrh gS vkSj Hkjiwj v‚Dlhtu HkhA xsgw¡ ds Tokjksa esa iks"kd rRoksa dh Vdlky xsgw¡ ds Tokjs DyksjksfQy dk loZJs"B lzksr gSaA blesa lHkh foVkfeUl çpqj ek=k esa gksrs gSa tSls foVkfeu ,] ch&1] 2] 3] 5]6] 8] 12 vkSj 17 ¼ysfVª;y½] lh] bZ rFkk dsA blesa dsfY'k;e] esXuhf'k;e] vk;ksMhu] lsysfu;e] ykSg] ftad vkSj vU; dbZ [kfut gksrs gSaA ysfVª;y ;k foVkfeu ch&17 cyoku dSaljjks/kh gS vkSj esfDldks ds vks,fll v‚Q gksi fpfdRlky; esa fiNys ipkl o"kZ ls ysfVª;y ds batsD'ku] xksfy;ksa vkSj vkgkj fpfdRlk ls dSalj ds jksfx;ksa dk mipkj gksrk vk jgk gSA
  • 2. 2 | P a g e bfrgkl çkphu dky ls gh fgUnqLrku ds fpfdRld xsgw¡ ds Tokjksa dks fofHkUu jksxksa tSls vfLFk&la/k 'kksFk] dSalj] Ropk jksx] eksVkik] Mk;fcVht vkfn ds mipkj esa ç;ksx dj jgs gSaA gekjs dbZ R;ksgkjksa ij xsgw¡ ds Tokjksa dks mxkus] iwtk djus ds fjokt lfn;ksa ls pys vk jgs gSaA tSls x.kxkSj fgUnqLrku ds dbZ jkT;ksa tSls jktLFkku] xqtjkr vkSj e/;çns'k ds ekyok {ks= esa dq¡okjh dU;kvksa o lqgkfxuksa }kjk euk;k tkus okyk R;kSgkj gS] tks cgqr /kwe/kke ls euk;k tkrk gSA igys fnu pkS= —".k X;kjl dks ekrkth dh 'ewB' j[kh tkrh gSA ck¡l dh NksVh&NksVh Vksdfj;ksa esa xsgw¡ ds Tokjs cks, tkrs gSaA Tokjs okyh ijaijkxr txg dks ekrkth dh 'ckM+h' dgrs gSaA iwjs lIrkg ls ckM+h dh iwtk&vpZuk dj Tokjksa esa ikuh fn;k tkrk gS vkSj vkjrh Hkh dh tkrh gSA Tokjs ygjkus ds lkFk xzke y{eh xkus yxrh gS& 'E;kjk gfj;k tokjk gks fd xsgw¡vk ygygs--- ---vkSj fQj pkS= 'kqDy prqFkhZ dks x.kxkSj ekrk fcnk gksrh gSA lth&/kth 'kksHkk;k=k ds lkFk rkykc&ckoM+h ij J)k ds lkFk Tokjs folftZr fd, tkrs gSaA if'peh ns'kksa esa xsgw¡ ds Tokjksa ls mipkj dh i)fr M‚- ,u- foXeksj us çkjEHk dh FkhA cpiu esa mudh nknh çFke fo'o ;q) esa ?kk;y gq, tokuksa dk mipkj tM+h&cwfV;ksa] iSM+&ikS/kksa vkSj fofHkUu çdkj dh ?kklksa ls fd;k djrh FkhA rHkh ls mUgksaus tM+h&cwfV;ksa vkSj fofHkUu ?kkl ds jl }kjk chekfj;ksa ds mipkj vkSj vuqla/kku djuk viuk 'kkSd cuk fy;kA 50 o"kZ dh mez esa M‚- ,u- foXeksj dks vkar esa dSalj gks x;k FkkA ftlds fy, mUgksaus xsgw¡ ds Tokjksa dk jl vkSj viDo vkgkj fy;k vkSj çlUurk dh ckr Fkh fd ,d o"kZ esa os dSalj eqä gks xbZA mUgksaus cksLVu esa ,u foxeksj bfULVVîwV [kksyk tks vkt Hkh dke dj jgk gSA rc ls ysdj viuh e`R;q rd og xsgw¡ ds Tokjs vkSj viDo vkgkj }kjk jksfx;ksa dk mipkj djrh jghA mUgksaus bl fo"k; ij 35 iqLrdsa Hkh fy[kh gSaA xsgw¡ ds Tokjks esa fo|eku vekbuks ,flM vkSj muds dk;Z blesa 8 vko';d vkSj cps gq, 16 esa ls 13 vekbuks ,flM~l gksrs gSaA buds dk;Z layXu lkfj.kh esa n'kkZ;s gSaA
  • 3. 3 | P a g e vekbuks ,flM dk;Z ykbZflu vk;qo/kZd Y;wflu ÅtkZ vkSj ukM+h ra= dks laosnu'khy cuk;s j[kuk fVªIVksQsu Ropk vkSj ds'k dk fodkl fQukby,ysuhu Fkk;j‚bM gkeksZu ds fuekZ.k esa lgk;d fFkz;ksuhu ikpu osyhu efLr"d vkSj ekalisf'k;ksa esa ijLij lg;ksx vkSj lkeatL; cuk;s j[kuk ehfFk;ksuhu ;—r vkSj o`Dd dk 'kks/ku ,ysuhu jä ds fuekZ.k esa lgk;d vkjftuhu oh;Zo/kZd XywVsfed ,flM efLr"d dks tkx#d j[kuk ,LikfVZd ,flM ÅtkZ dk mRiknu Xykblhu ÅtkZ dk mRiknu çksyhu XywVsfed ,flM vo'kks"k.k lsjhu efLr"d dks ÅtkZoku cuk;s j[kuk vkblksY;wlhu Hkzw.k dk fodkl fgLVhMhu Jo.k vkSj ukM+h ra= dh fofHkUu fØ;kvksa esa lgk;d xsgw¡ dk Tokjk 'kfä'kkyh çfr&v‚Dlhdkjd D;k gksrs gSa eqä d.k ;k Ýh jsfMdYl
  • 4. 4 | P a g e 'kjhj esa gksus okyh fofHkUu p;kip; fØ;kvksa esa dqN O;FkZ vkSj gkfudkjd v.kq Hkh cu tkrs gSaA bu v.kqvksa esa bysDVªksUl dh la[;k çksVksUl dh vis{kk de gksrh gS ftlls ;s vfr lfØ; rFkk vfLFkj gksrs gSaA bUgsa ge Þeqä d.kß dgrs gSa vkSj ;s ekSdk feyrs gh gekjs LoLFk v.kqvksa ls bysDVªksu pqjk ysrs gSa] bl fØ;k dks v‚DlhMs'ku dgrs gSaA bysDVªksu [kks dj gekjs LoLFk v.kq Hkh eqä d.kksa dh Hkkafr O;ogkj djus yxrs gSaA vkSj vius var%dj.k esa cSBs çksVksUl dh bysDVªksu&fiiklk 'kkar djus gsrq viuk eq[; dke NksM+ dj bysDVªksUl dk tqxkM+ djus fudy iM+rs gSaA bl rjg fujarj bysDVªksu pqjkus dk ,d Ja[kyk&c) flyflyk 'kq: gks tkrk gS] ftlls gekjs vk;qo`f) dh xfr rst gks tkrh gS] Ropk esa >qfjZ;ka cuus yxrh gSa vkSj ge fofHkUu chekfj;ksa tSls mPp jäpki] e/kqesg] vfLFk&la/k 'kksFk] ikfdaZlUl] dSalj vkfn dk f'kdkj gks tkrs gSaA eqä d.k gekjs cká okrkoj.k vkSj Hkkstu }kjk Hkh 'kjhj esa ços'k dj tkrs gSaA çfr&v‚fDldkjd ;k ,aVhv‚DlhMsaV eqä d.kksa ls j{kk djus ds fy, gekjs 'kjhj esa vusd v.kq tSls foVkfeu&bZ] foVkfeu&lh] chVk&dsjksVhu] fd.od vkfn gksrs gSa] ftuesa dbZ vfrfjä bysDVªksUl gksrs gSa vkSj tks fcuk vfLFkj gq, eqä d.kksa dks bysDVªksUl nku nsdj mUgsa fuf"Ø; dj nsrs gSaA bUgsa ge Þçfr&v‚Dlhdkjdß ;k ,aVhv‚DlhMsaV dgrs gSaA gesa Qyksa] lfCt;ksa ;qä vPNs vkgkj ls çfr&v‚fDldkjd çkIr gksrs gSa rFkk gekjs 'kjhj esa Hkh dbZ çfr&v‚Dlhdkjd fujarj curs jgrs gSaA ,aVhv‚DlhMsaV vk;qo/kZd vkSj vkjksX;o/kZd gksrs gSaA ;s Mh,u, dh lajpuk esa vlekU; ifjorZu ¼E;wVs'ku½ ugha gksus nsrs gSa] jä okfgdkvksa dks LoLFk j[krs gSa vkSj Ropk dks ;qok cuk;s j[krs gSaA xsgw¡ ds Tokjs esa dbZ 'kfä'kkyh çfr&v‚Dlhdkjd gksrs gSa] ijarq ;gka ge pkj fof'k"V çfr&v‚fDldkjdksa dk o.kZu djsaxsA 1& lqijv‚DlkbM fMlE;wVst 2& ih4Mh1 3& E;wdks&i‚yhlsdjkbM~l
  • 5. 5 | P a g e 4& DyksjksfQy lqijv‚DlkbM fMlE;wVst lqij v‚DlkbM fMlE;wVst ¼,l- vks-Mh-½ ,d fd.od gS tks dksf'kdkvksa dk th.kksZ)kj djrk gS vkSj dksf'kdkvksa dh lqijv‚DlkbM ls gksus okyh {kfr dks de djrk gSA lqijv‚DlkbM cgqr gh vke eqä d.k gSA ;g Ropk dh nksuksa ijrksa esa ik;k tkrk gS vkSj LoLFk QkbczksCykLV ¼tks Ropk cukus okyh dksf'kdk,¡ gSa½ ds fuekZ.k esa lgk;d gSaA ,l vks Mh 'kjhj esa ftad] rkack vkSj esaxuht dh mi;ksfxrk c<+krs gSaA ,l-vks-Mh- mR—"V çfr&v‚Dlhdkjd vkSj 'kksFk fuokjd gS] vkSj eqä d.kksa ds çHkko ls cuus okyh >qfjZ;ksa vkSj Ropk dh th.kZrk dks de djrk gSA vuqla/kkudrkZ dgrs gSa fd tSls tSls ge çkS<+rk dh vksj vxzlj gksrs gSa 'kjhj esa ,l- vks-Mh- dh ek=k de gksrh tkrh gSA lqijv‚DlkbM fMlE;wVst muesa fo|eku /kkrqvksa ds vk/kkj ij rhu oxksaZ esa ckaVs x;s gSaA 1- rkack ftad ,l vks Mh tks dksf'kdk ds lkbVksIykTe dh lqj{kk djrs gSaA 2- esaxuht ,l vks Mh tks ekbVksdksfUMª;k dh lqj{kk djrs gSaA 3- fudy ,l vks Mh tks dksf'kdkvksa ds ckgj jgrs gSaA ,l-vks-Mh- vkFkZzkbfVl] iq#"k xzafFk jksx] dSalj] dksfuZ;y vYlj] tyus ls gq, ?kkoksa] vkb-ch-,l- vkSj /kweziku] fofdj.k vkSj dSaljjks/kh nokvksa ds nq"çHkkvksa ds mipkj esa lgk;d gSaA bldh Øhe psgjs dh >qfjZ;ksa] tyus ls gq, ?kkoksa] Ropk ds ?kkoksa o xgjs nkx /kCcksa vkfn esa cgqr mi;ksxh gSA ;g gkfudkjd ;w fofdj.kksa ls Ropk dh j{kk djrk gSaA xsgw¡ ds Tokjs] czksd‚yh] iÙkkxksHkh] tkS dh ?kkl vkSj gjs iÙksokyh rjdkfj;ka blds çeq[k lzksr gSaA blds batsD'ku] thHk ds uhps j[kus okyh rFkk ,aVsfjd dksVsM xksfy;ka vkSj Øhe miyC/k gSaA vkek'k; esa
  • 6. 6 | P a g e cuus okys vEy bls fuf"Ø; dj nsrs gSa] blfy, bls thHk ds uhps j[kus okyh ;k ,aVsfjd dksVsM xksfy;ksa ds :i esa gh fn;k tkrk gSA E;wdks&i‚yhlsdjkbM~l E;wdks&i‚yhlsdjkbM~l lkekU; vkSj tfVy 'kdZjkvksa dk feJ.k gksrk gS tks 'kjhj ds j[k&j[kko ds fy, egRoiw.kZ gSA 'kjhj dh dksf'kdk,a fujarj {kfrxzLr vkSj u"V gksrh jgrh gSaA dksf'kdkvksa ds th.kksZ)kj rFkk ubZ dksf'kdkvksa ds fuekZ.k dk dk;Z Hkh lkFk&lkFk pyrk jgrk gS] tks ftruk lqpk# vkSj fLuX/krk ls gksrk jgsxk ge mruk gh ;qok o LoLFk cus jgsaxsA E;wdks&i‚yhlsdjkbM~l [kklrkSj ls ân; vkSj jä okfgdkvksa dh {kfrxzLr dksf'kdkvksa ds j[k&j[kko ds dke dks çkFkfedrk ls djrs gSaA ih4Mh1 P4D1 ,d Xywdks&çksVhu gSA ;g çfr&v‚Dlhdkjd dh Hkkafr dk;Z djrk gSA blds rhu eq[; dk;Z gSaA क- ;g Mh-,u-,- vkSj vkj-,u-,- tks 'kjhj fuekZ.k dk eq[; vk/kkj gSa] ds th.kksZ)kj rFkk uohuhdj.k dks çksRlkfgr djrs gSA ;s dksf'kdkvksa dh vk;qo`f) vkSj vlkekU; foHkktu esa vojks/k iSnk djrs gSaA vkSj bl rjg esa vid"kZd ¼MhtujsfVo½ chekfj;ksa ls cpkrs gSaA ख- ;g 'kjhj esa 'kksFk dks de djrk gSA dqN oSKkfudksa ds vuqlkj ;g dksfVZtksu ls Hkh T;knk 'kfä'kkyh 'kksFk fuokjd gSA dbZ bU¶ysesVªh jksxksa tSls vkFkZzkbfVl vkfn ds mipkj esa xsgw¡ ds Tokjs dk jl vR;ar çHkko'kkyh gSA ग- ;g dSalj dksf'kdkvksa dh fHkfÙk;ksa dks detksj cukrs gSa] rkfd jä ds 'osr d.k dSalj dksf'kdkvksa esa lgtrk ls ços'k dj mUgsa u"V dj ldsaA DyksjksfQy xsgw¡ ds Tokjs dk lcls egRoiw.kZ rRo gS DyksjksfQyA ;g DyksjksIykLV uked fo'ks"k çdkj ds dks"kksa esa gksrk gSA DyksjksIykLV lw;Zfdj.kksa dh lgk;rk ls iks"kd rRoksa dk fuekZ.k djrs gSaA ;gh dkj.k gS fd oSKkfud M‚- c'kZj DyksjksfQy dks ÞladsfUær lw;Z'kfäß dgrs gSaA oSls rks gjs jax dh lHkh ouLifr;ksa esa DyksjksfQy gksrk gS] fdarq xsgw¡ ds Tokjs dk DyksjksfQy Js"V gS] D;ksafd DyksjksfQy ds vykok buesa 100 vU; ikSf"Vd rRo Hkh gksrs gSaA lHkh tkurs gSa fd ekuo jä esa gheksXyksfcu gksrk gSA bl gheksXyksfcu esa ,d yky jax dk æO; gksrk gS ftls ghe dgrs gSaA ghe vkSj DyksjksfQy dh jklk;fud lajpuk esa cgqr lekurk gksrh gSA nksuksa esa dkcZu] gkbMªkstu] v‚Dlhtu vkSj ukbVªkstu ds ijek.kqvksa dh la[;k rFkk mudk foU;kl yxHkx ,d tSlk gksrk gSA ghe vkSj DyksjksfQy dh lajpuk esa dsoy ,d gh varj gS] DyksjksfQy ds dsUæ LFkku esa esXuhf'k;e gksrk gS] tcfd gheksXyksfcu ds dsUæ LFkku esa ykSgk gksrk gSA
  • 7. 7 | P a g e gekjk jä gYdk {kkjh; gS vkSj mldk gkbMªkstu v.kq xq.kkad pH 7-4 gSA Tokjs dk jl Hkh gYdk {kkjh; gS vkSj mldk pH Hkh 7-4 gSA blfy, Tokjs dk jl 'kh?kzrk ls jä esa vo'kksf"kr gks tkrk gS vkSj 'kjhj ds mi;ksx esa vkus yxrk gSA xsgw¡ ds Tokjs ls ekuo dks laiw.kZ iks"k.k fey tkrk gSA lko/kkuh iwoZd pquh gqbZ 23 fdyks rjdkfj;ksa ftruk iks"k.k 1 fdyks xsgw¡ ds Tokjs ds jl ls çkIr gks tkrk gSA flQZ Tokjs dk jl ihdj ekuo iwjk thou fcrk ldrk gSA 100 xzke rktk jl esa 90&100 fe-xzke DyksjksfQy çkIr gks tkrk gSA DyksjksfQy ls gesa esXuhf'k;e çkIr gksrk gSA gekjh çR;sd dksf'kdk esa esXuhf'k;e lw{e ek=k esa gksrk gSA ijarq ;g 'kjhj ds fy, cgqr egRoiw.kZ gSA laiw.kZ 'kjhj esa yxHkx 50 xzke esXuhf'k;e gksrk gSA esXuhf'k;e gekjh vfLFk;ksa ds fuekZ.k ds fy, vko';d [kfut gSA ;g ukfM+;ksa vkSj ekalisf'k;ksa dks ruko jfgr voLFkk esa j[krk gSA 'kjhj esa dSfY'k;e vkSj foVkfeu lhdk lapkyu] ukfM+vksa vkSj ekalisf'k;ksa dh mi;qä dk;Z'khyrk ds fy;s eSXusf'k;e vko';d gSA dSfY'k;e&eSXusf'k;e lUrqyu esa xM+cM+h vkus ls Luk;q&ra= nqcZy gks ldrk gSA eSXusf'k;e 'kjhj ds Hkhrj yxHkx rhu lkS ऍUtkbEl dh lfØ;rk ds fy, vko';d gSA eSXusf'k;e ds fuEu Lrjksa vkSj mPp jäpki rFkk e/kqesg esa Li"V varj lacU/k LFkkfir gks pqdk gSA O;k;ke ,oa 'kkjhfjd esgur djus okys yksxksa dks eSXusf'k;e lEiwjdksa dh vko';drk gSA eSXusf'k;e dh deh ls efgykvksa esa dbZ leL;k,a fn[kkbZ nsrh gSa] tSls ik¡oksa dh ekalisf'k;k¡ detksj gksuk ¼ftlls jsLVyslysx flaMªkse gksrk gS½] ik¡oksa esa fcokb;ka QVuk] isV dh xM+cM+h] ,dkxzrk esa deh] jtksfuo`fÙk laca/kh leL;kvksa dk c<+uk] ekfld&/keZ iwoZ ds ruko esa o`f) vkfnA DyksjksfQy ls ykHk DyksjksfQy gesa rhu çdkj ls ykHk nsrk gSA 1&'kks/ku – ?kkoksa ds fy, DyksjksfQy vR;ar çcy dhVk.kquk'kd gSA ;g Qaxljks/kh Hkh gS vkSj 'kjhj ls V‚fDlUl dks foltZu djrk gSA A ;g dbZ jksx iSnk djus okys thok.kq dks u"V djrk gS vkSj muds fodkl dks ckf/kr djrk gSA ;—r dk 'kks/ku djrk gSA 2&,aVh&bU¶ysesVªh – ;g 'kjhj esa bU¶yses'ku dks de djrk gSaA vr% vkFkZzkbfVl] vkek'k; 'kksFk] vka= 'kksFk] xys dh [kjk'k vkfn esa vR;ar ykHknk;d gSaA 3&iks"k.k – ;g jä cukrk gS] vkarksa ds ykHkçn dhVk.kqvksa dks Hkh iks"k.k nsrs gSaA xsgw¡ ds Tokjksa ds jl ds vkS"k/kh; mi;ksx 1& dSalj xsgw¡ ds Tokjs dSalj ij dSls vlj fn[kkrs gS v‚Dlhtu dks vuqla/kkudrkZ dSalj dksf'kdkvksa dks usLrukcwr djus okyh 7-62x39 fe-eh- dsyhcj dh oks xksyh ekurs gSa] tks xsgw¡ ds Tokjs :ih ,-ds- 47 canwd ls fudy dj dSalj dksf'kdkvksa dks pqu&pqu dj ekjrh gSA loZ çFke rks blesa Hkjiwj DyksjksfQy gksrk gS] tks 'kjhj dks v‚Dlhtu ls
  • 8. 8 | P a g e ljkcksj dj nsrk gSA DyksjksfQy 'kjhj esa gheksXyksfcu dk fuekZ.k djrk gS] eryc dSalj dksf'kdkvksa dks T;knk v‚Dlhtu feyrh gS vkSj v‚Dlhtu dh mifLFkfr esa dSalj dk ne ?kqVus yxrk gSA xsgw¡ dk Tokjksa esa foVkfeu ch&17 ;k ysfVª;y vkSj lsysfu;e nksuksa gksrs gSaA ;s nksuksa gh 'kfä'kkyh dSaljjks/kh gSA DyksjksfQy vkSj lsysfu;e 'kjhj dh j{kk ç.kkyh dks 'kfä'kkyh cukrs gSaA xsgw¡ dk Tokjk Hkh jä ds leku gYdk {kkjh; æO; gSA dSalj vEyh; ek/;e esa gh Qyrk Qwyrk gSA xsgw¡ dk Tokjk esa foVk&12 dks feyk dj 13 foVkfeu] dbZ [kfut tSls lsysfu;e vkSj 20 vekbuks ,flM~l gksrs gSA blesa ,aVhv‚DlhMsaV fd.od lqijv‚DlkbM fMlE;wVst vkSj vU; 30 fd.od Hkh gksrs gSaA ,l-vks-Mh- lcls [krjukd Ýh&jsfMdy fj,fDVo v‚Dlhtu fLilht dks gkbMªkstu ij v‚DlkbM ¼ftlesa dSalj dksf'kdk dk lQk;k djus ds fy, ,d vfrfjä v‚Dlhtu dk v.kq gksrk gS½ vkSj v‚Dlhtu ds v.kq esa cny nsrk gSA lu~ 1938 esa egku vuqla/kkudrkZ M‚- i‚y xsjgkMZ lhtj] ,e-Mh- us crk;k Fkk fd dSalj dk okLrfod dkj.k 'olu fØ;k esa lgk;d ,atkbe lkbVksØkse v‚DlhMst dk u"V gksuk gSA ljy 'kCnksa esa tc dksf'kdk esa v‚Dlhtu miyC/k u gks ;k lkekU; 'olu fØ;k ckf/kr gks tk;s rHkh dSalj tUe ysrk gSA Tokjksa esa ,d gkeksZu ,Clhfld ,flM ¼,-ch-,-½ gksrk gS tks gesa vU;= dgha ugha feyrk gSA M‚- fyfoaXLVu Oghyj ds vuqlkj ,Clhfld ,flM dksfj;ksfud xksusMksVªksfiu gkeksZu dks fuf"Ø; djrk gS vkSj os ,-ch-,- dks dSalj mipkj dk egRoiw.kZ iwjd rRo ekurh FkhA M‚- fyfoaXLVu us irk yxk;k Fkk fd dSalj dksf'kdk dksfj;ksfud xksusMksVªksfiu ls feyrk tqyrk gkeksZu cukrh gSaA mUgksaus ;g Hkh irk yxk;k Fkk fd xsgw¡ ds Tokjs dks dkVus ds 4 ?kaVs ckn mlesa ,-ch-,- dh ek=k 40 xquk T;knk gksrh gSA vr% muds erkuqlkj Tokjs ds jl dks FkksM+k lk rqjar vkSj cpk gqvk 4 ?kaVs ckn ihuk pkfg;sA 1- xsgw¡ ds Tokjs esa vU; gjh rjdkfj;ksa dh rjg Hkjiwj v‚Dlhtu gksrh gSA efLr"d vkSj laiw.kZ 'kjhj ÅtkZoku rFkk LoLFk j[kus ds fy, Hkjiwj v‚Dlhtu vko';d gSA 2- M‚- cjukMZ tsUlu ds vuqlkj xsgw¡ ds Tokjs dk jl dqN gh feuVksa esa ip tkrk gS vkSj blds ikpu esa cgqr de ÅtkZ [kpZ gksrh gSA 3- ;g dhVk.kqjks/kh gSa] mUgsa u"V djrk gS vkSj muds fodkl dks ckf/kr djrk gSA 4- ;g 'kjhj ls gkfudkjd inkFkksaZ ¼V‚fDlUl½] Hkkjh /kkrqvksa vkSj 'kjhj esa tek nokvksa ds vo'ks"k dk foltZu djrk gSA 5- ;fn bldk lsou 7&8 eghus rd fd;k tk;s rks ;g eqgk¡lksa vkSj muls cus nkx] /kCcs vkSj >kb;ka lc lkQ gks tkrs gSaA 6- ;g Ropk ds fy, çk—frd lkcqu dk dk;Z djrk gSa vkSj 'kjhj dks nqxaZ/k jfgr j[krk gSA 7- ;g nkarksa dks lM+u ls cpkrs gSA 8- ;fn 5 fefuV rd xsgw¡ ds Tokjs dk jl eqag esa rks nkar dk nnZ Bhd djrk gSA 9- blds xjkjs djus ls xys dh [kkfj'k Bhd gks tkrh gSA 10-xsgw¡ ds Tokjs dk jl fu;fer ihus ls ,Xthek vkSj lksjk;fll Hkh Bhd gks tkrs gSaA
  • 9. 9 | P a g e 11-Tokjs dk jl ihus ls cky le; ls igys lQsn ugha gksrs gSaA 12-Tokjs dk jl ihus ls 'kjhj LoLFk] ÅtkZoku] lgu'khy] vk/;kfRed vkSj çlUufpÙk cuk jgrk gSA 13-;g ikpu 'kfä dks c<+krk gSA 14-;g leLr jä lacU/kh jksxksa ds fy, jkeck.k vkS"kf/k gSA 15-Tokjs dk jl dk ,uhek ysus ls vkarksa vkSj isV ds vaxksa dk 'kks/ku gksrk gSA 16-;g dCth Bhd djrk gSA 17-;g mPp jäpki de djrk gS vkSj dksf'kdkvksa dk foLrkj.k djrk gSA 18-;g LFkwyrk ;k eksVkik de djrk gS D;ksafd ;g Hkw[k de djrk gS] cqfu;knh p;kip; nj vkSj 'kjhj esa jä ds lapkj dks c<+krk gSA ?kj ij xsgw¡ ds Tokjs mxkus dh fof/k vko';d lkeku ?kj ij xsgw¡ ds Tokjs cukuk ds fy, bu phtksa dh vko';drk gksxhA vPNh fdLe ds tSfod xsgw¡ ds chtA vPNh mitkÅ feêh vkSj mEnk tSfod ;k xkscj dh [kknA feêh ds 10&12ß O;kl ds 3&4ß xgjs lkr xksykdkj xeys ftlesa Hkh uhps Nsn gksaA vki vPNs IykfLVd dh 20ßx10ßx2ß uki dh xkMZfuax Vªs] ftlesa uhps dqN Nsn gks] Hkh ys ldrs gSA xsgw¡ fHkxksus ds fy, dksbZ ik= ;k txAldrs gSA ikuh nsus ds fy, Lçs cksVy ;k ikS/kksa dks ikuh fiykus okyk >kjkA feDlh ;k T;wljA fof/k
  • 10. 10 | P a g e 1- ges'kk tSfod cht gh dke esa ysa] rkfd vkidks ges'kk e/kqj o mR—"V jl çkIr gks tks foVkfeu vkSj [kfut ls Hkjiwj gksA jkr dks lksrs le; yxHkx 100 xzke xsgw¡ ,d tx esa fHkxks dj j[k nsaA 2- lHkh xeyksa ds Nsn dks ,d irys iRFkj ds VqdM+s ls <d nsaA vc feêh vkSj [kkn dks vPNh rjg feyk,aA xeyksa esa feêh dh Ms<+ nks bap eksVh ijr fcNk nsa vkSj ikuh fNM+d nsaA /;ku jgs feêh esa jklk;fud [kkn ;k dhVuk"kd ds vo'ks"k u gksa vkSj ges'kk tSfod [kkn dk gh mi;ksx djsaA igys xeys ij jfookj] nwljs xeys ij lkseokj] bl çdkj lkrksa xeyks ij lkrksa fnuksa ds uke fy[k nsaA 3- vxys fnu xsgqavksa dks /kksdj fuFkkj ysaA ekuyks vkt jfookj gS rks ml xeys esa] ftl ij vkius jfookj fy[kk Fkk] xsgw¡ ,d ijr ds :i esa fcNk nsaA xsgqavksa ds Åij FkksM+h feêh Mky nsa vkSj ikuh ls lhap nsaA xeys dks fdlh Nk;knkj LFkku tSls cjkens ;k f[kM+dh ds ikl j[k nsa] tgka i;kZIr gok vkSj çdk'k vkrk gks ij /kwi dh lh/kh fdj.ks xeyksa ij ugha iM+rh gksA vxys fnu lkseokj okys xeys esa xsgw¡ cks nhft;s vkSj bl rjg jkst ,d xeys esa xsgw¡ cksrs jgsaA 4- xeyksa esa jkstkuk de ls de nks ckj ikuh nsa rkfd feêh ue vkSj gYdh xhyh cuh jgsA 'kq: ds nks&rhu fnu xeyksa dks xhys v[kckj ls Hkh <d ldrs gSaA tc xSgw¡ ds Tokjs ,d bap ls cM+s gks tk;s rks ,d ckj gh ikuh nsuk ç;kIr jgrk gSA ikuh nsus ds fy, Lçs cksVy dk ç;ksx djsA xehZ ds ekSle esa T;knk ikuh dh vko';drk jgrh gSA ij ges'kk /;ku j[ks fd feêh ue vkSj xhyh cuh jgs vkSj ikuh dh ek=k T;knk Hkh u gksA 5- lkr fnu ckn 5&6 ifÙk;ksa okyk 6&8 bUp yEck Tokjk fudy vk;sxkA bl Tokjs dks tM+ lfgr m[kkM+ ys vkSj ikuh ls vPNh rjg /kks yhft,A bl rjg vki jkst ,d xeys ls Tokjs rksM+rs tkb;s vkSj jkst ,d xeys esa Tokjs cksrs Hkh tkb;s rkfd vkidks fujUrj Tokjs feyrs jgsA 6- vc /kqys gq, Tokjksa dh tM+ dkV dj vyx dj nsa rFkk feDlh ds NksVs tkj esa FkksM+k ikuh Mkydj ihl ysa vkSj pyuh ls fxykl esa Nkudj ç;ksx djsA Tokjksa ds cps gq, xqns dks vki Ropk ij fu[kkj ykus ds fy, ey ldrs gSaA vki gkFk ls ?kqekus okys T;wlj ls Hkh T;wl fudky ldrs gSaA lsou dk rjhdk Tokjs dk jl lkekU;r% 60&120 ,e-,y- çfr fnu ;k çfr nwljs fnu [kkyh isV lsou djuk pkfg;sA ;fn vki fdlh chekjh ls ihfM+r gSa rks 30&60 ,e-,y- jl fnu es rhu pkj ckj rd ys ldrs gSaA bls vki lIrkg esa 5 fnu lsou djsaA dqN yksxksa dks 'kq: esa jl ihus ls mcdkbZ lh vkrh gS] rks de ek=k ls 'kq: djsa vkSj /khjs&/khjs ek=k c<+k;saA Tokjs ds jl esa Qyksa vkSj lfCt;ksa ds jl tSls lsc Qy] vUukukl vkfn ds jl dks feyk;k tk ldrk gSA
  • 11. 11 | P a g e gka bls dHkh Hkh [kês jlksa tSls uhcw] larjk vkfn ds jl esa ugha feyk,a D;ksafd [kVkbZ Tokjs ds jl esa fo|eku ,atkbEl dks fuf"Ø; dj nsrh gSA blesa ued] phuh ;k dksbZ vU; elkyk Hkh ugha feykuk pkfg;sA Tokjs ds jl dh 120 ,e-,y-ek=k cM+h mi;qä ek=k gS vkSj ,d lIrkg esa blds ifj.kke fn[kus yxrs gSaA M‚- ,u- foXeksj Tokjs ds jl ds lkFk viDo vkgkj ysus dh lykg Hkh nsrh FkhA xsgw¡ ds Tokjs pckus ls xys dh [kkfj'k vkSj eqag dh nqxaZ/k nwj gksrh gSA blds jl ds xjkjs djus ls nkar vkSj elwM+ksa ds bUQsD'ku esa ykHk feyrk gSA fL=;ksa dks Tokjs ds jl dk Mw'k ysus ls ew=k'k; vkSj ;ksfu ds bUQsD'ku] nqxaZ/k vkSj [kqtyh esa Hkh vkjke feyrk gSA Ropk ij Tokjs dk jl yxkus ls Ropk dk <hykiu de gksrk gS vkSj Ropk esa ped vkrh gSA lkjka'k vUr esa eSa ;gh dguk pkgw¡xk fd xsgw¡ ds Tokjs esa lw;Z dh vlhe ÅtkZ lek;h gqbZ gS] dbZ yksx bls Þrjy lw;Zçdk'kß Hkh dgrs gSaA ;g bZ'oj dh nh gqbZ ,d fo'ks"k fu;ker gS] mR—"V jä 'kks/kd gS vkSj dSalj tSlh tku ysok chekjh ds mipkj esa cgqr gh egRoiw.kZ gSA