Fats that heal fats that kill
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Fats that heal fats that kill

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Fats that heal fats that kill Document Transcript

  • 1. 1 | P a g e QSV~l & fe= ;k 'k=q tc ls fpfdRldksa us ;g dguk 'kq: fd;k gS fd vf/kd QSV [kkus ls d‚ysLVsjksy c<+rk gS] ,FksjksfLDyjksfll vkSj gkVZ vVsd dk tksf[ke c<+rk gS] rc ls yksx QSV [kkus ls Mjus yxs gSaA yksxksa us lkspk fd bl QSV dh leL;k dk ,d gh mik; gS fd tgk¡ rd gks lds QSV de ls de [kk;k tk;sA cgqjk"Vªh; laLFkkuksa us bl ekSds dk Qk;nk mBk;k vkSj ân;&fgrS"kh crk dj vusd "yks QSV" vkSj "uks QSV" [kk| mRikn cukuk 'kq: dj fn;kA tcfd lPpkbZ ;g gS fd vkidks vk/kk lp gh crk;k x;k gSA lkjs QSV~l ,d tSls ugha gksrsA tgk¡ dqN QSV~l tSls VªkalQSV ls Hkjiwj ektZjhu ;k fjQkbaM rsy ¼ftUgsa mPp rkieku ij xeZ djds cuk;k tkrk gS½ lpeqp cqjs gSa vkSj ân; jksx lesr dbZ jksxksa dk tksf[ke c<+krs gSa ¼;g vyx ckr gS fd cgqjk"Vªh; laLFkku vius mRiknksa esa budk Hkjiwj ç;ksx djrs gSa½A nwljh rjQ vYQk&fyuksusfyd ,flM ¼ALA½ ;k fyuksfyd ,flM ¼LA½ gSa tks gekjs LokLF; ds fy, brus egRoiw.kZ gS fd bUgsa vko';d olh;&vEy dk ntkZ fn;k x;k gSA blfy, /;ku j[ksa fd Hkkstu esa QSV de djus ls 'kjhj esaALA dh deh gks tkrh gS ftlls dbZ fodkj gks ldrs gSaA lu~ 1956 esa iks"k.k foKku ds egku vuqla/kkudrkZ gqx fluDys;j us cryk;k fd vk/kqfud ;qx ds jksx tSls dksjksujh vkVZjh fMtht] FkzksEcksfll] LVªksd] Mk;fcVht] Øksfud bU¶yses'ku vkSj dSalj vkfn dk çeq[k dkjd QSV p;kip; (Fat Metabilism) dh fo—fr;ka gh gSaA mUgksaus dgk fd vktdy çkslsLM QSV dk ç;ksx cgqr c<+ x;k gS] bl çkslsflax esa ?kkrd VªkalQSV QSV dh ek=k cgqr gksrh gS vkSj vko';d olh;&vEy u"V gks tkrs gSaA वसा जो कारक है वसा जो मारक है Revised
  • 2. 2 | P a g e fluDys;j ds vuqlkj EFA dh deh vkSj VªkalQSV c<+ tkus ds dkj.k bu jksxksa dh O;kidrk cgqr c<+ xbZ gSAvkSj blhfy, fpfdRlk foKku esa gqbZ vçR;kf'kr çxfr vkSj thou Lrj esa lq/kkj vkus ds mijkar Hkh e`R;q nj de ugha gqbZ gSAgkykafd vuqla/kkudrkZvksa vkSj fpfdRldksa us ml le; fluDys;j dh ifjdYiuk ij dksbZ [kkl /;ku ugha fn;k] cfYd dbZ us rks mudk etkd rd mM+k;kA ysfdu vkt lc mUgsa lgh eku jgs gSa vkSj mudh nwjnf'kZrk dh ç'kalk dj jgs gSaA olh; vEy & lajpuk QSV ,d dkcksZfDlfyd ,flM gksrk gS] ftlesa 4 ls 28 dkcZu dh yM+ ;k psu gksrh gSA igys dkcZu dks vYQk] nwljs dks chVk] rhljs dks xkek] pkSFks dks MsYVk ------ vkSj vkf[kjh dkcZu dks vksesxk dgrs gSa vkSj vkf[kjh fljs dks vksesxk fljk dgrs gSaA blds igys fljs ls dkcsZfDly ¼COOH½ vkSj vkf[kjh fljs ls feFkkby xzqi ¼Ch3½ tqM+k jgrk gSA dkcZu dh psu lar`Ir ;k vlar`Ir gks ldrh gSA lar`Ir olk esa gj dkcZu ls nks gkbMªkstu tqM+s jgrs gSaA tcfd vlar`Ir olk esa dqN vlar`Ir dkcZUl ls ,d gh gkbMªkstu tqMk+ jgrk gSaA yM+ esa dkcZu dh la[;k ges”kk le ¼even½ gksrh gSA QSVh ,flM~l 'kjhj esa ÅtkZ dk çeq[k L=ksr gSaA buds p;kip; ls <sj lkjs ,-Vh-ih-(ATP is Our energy currency) çkIr gksrs gSaA ân; vkSj dadkyh; isf'k;ka QSV~l ls ÅtkZ ysuk ilan djrh gSa tcfd dbZ vU; Ård vkSj efLr"d Xywdkst ls ÅtkZ çkIr djrs gSaA fll QSV ¼Cis Fats½– fll QSV dh esa psu esa ,d gh rjQ ds gkbMªkstu vyx gksrs gSa vkSj vulspqjsVsM Mcy&ckaM curk gSA ;g lkekU; vkSj çk—frd foU;kl gSA QSVh ,flM dh yM+ esa tgk¡ Mcy&ckaM curk gS ogk¡ yM+ detksj iM+ tkrh gS vkSj yxHkx 35 fMxzh eqM+ tkrh gSA eqM+us ds dkj.k dksf'kdk&fHkfÙk esa ;s v.kq vkil esa <hys <kys jgrs gSa] blfy, ;s lkekU; rkiØe ij rjy jgrs gSa vkSj fHkfÙk esa i;kZIr rjyrk vkSj yphukiu cuk;s j[krs gSaA M‚- tksgkuk cqMfox ds vuqlkj bl eksM+ esa ÅtkZoku bysDVªksUl ,df=r gks tkrs gSaA QSVh ,flM dh yM+ esa ftrus vf/kd Mcy&ckaM gksxs] yM+ mruh gh vf/kd eqM+sxhA tSls
  • 3. 3 | P a g e vYQkfyuksfyd ,flM esa rhu Mcy&ckaM gksrs gSa] rks mldh yM+ eqM+ dj gqd ds vkdkj dh fn[kkbZ nsrh gS vkSj bysDVªksUl dk cM+k lewg cu tkrk gSA ;s gYds bysDVªksUl Åij mB dj ckny dh rjg rSjrs gq, fn[kkbZ nsrs gSa] blfy, bUgsa bysDVªksu DykmM dgrs gSaA ÅtkZoku rFkk ltho bysDVªksUl ds ;s ckny v‚Dlhtu dks dksf'kdk esa vkdf"kZr djrs gSa] çksVhu ls ca/ku cukrs gSa vkSj 'olu fØ;k esa ;ksxnku nsrs gSaA M‚- cqMfox us ;s lkjh tSfod fØ;k,a Lo;a ds }kjk fodflr dh xbZ isij ØksesVksxzkQh rduhd }kjk Li"V ns[kh gSaA mUgksaus bUgha bysDVªksUl dks vejRo dk ?kVd ¼Anti-entropy Factor½ dgk gS vkSj budks fujksxh] fujke; vkSj nh/kkZ;q thou dh dqath ekuk gSA QSVh ,flM~l eq[;r% rhu Jsf.k;ksa esa foHkkftr fd;s tkrs gSaA lar`Ir olh; vEy Saturated fatty acid 12 ls 24 dkcZu dh yach yM+ okys os QSVh ,flM lar`Ir olh; vEy ¼Saturated fatty acid½ ftlesa dksbZ Mcy&ckaM ugha gksrk gSA D;ksafd lspqjsVsM QSVh ,flM esa dsoy ,dy
  • 4. 4 | P a g e ca/k ¼Single bonds½ gksrs gSa blfy, gj dkcZu ls nks gkbMªkstu tqM+s jgrs gSaA ;s lkekU; rkiØe ij Bksl jgrs gSaA ,dy&vlar`Ir olh; vEy Mono Unsaturated Fatty Acid buesa flQZ ,d Mcy&ckaM gksrk gSA tSrwu ds rsy esa ,dy&vlar`Ir olh; vEy gksrs gSaA ;s lkekU; rkiØe ij rjy jgrs gSaA cgq&vlar`Ir olh; vEy Poly Unsaturated Fatty Acid buesa nks ;k vf/kd Mcy&ckaM gksrs gSaA ;s Hkh lkekU; rkiØe ij rjy jgrs gSaA vko';d olh; vEy vksesxk&3 vkSj vksesxk&6 QSVh ,flM~l ds ifjokj esa flQZ vYQk&fyuksysfud ,flM ¼Alpha-Linolenic Acid ALA½ vkSj fyuksysfud ,flM ¼Linoleic Acid LA½ gh vko';d ekus tkrs gSa D;ksafd gekjs 'kjhj esa budk fuekZ.k vlaHko gSA fyuksysfud ,flM vksesxk&3 ifjokj dk eqf[k;k gS vkSj vU; lHkh vksesxk&3 QSVh ,flM~l dk fuekZ.k dj ldrk gSA tcfd fyuksysfud ,flMvksesxk&6 ifjokj dk eqf[k;k gSA ;s nksuksa gekjs 'kjhj esa fo|eku fo”ks’k ,atkbEl dh enn ls vU; lHkh vksesxk&3 vkSj vksesxk&6 QSVh ,flM~l cukus dh {kerk j[krk gSA fyuksysfud ,flM dk lzksr vylh] lw;Zeq[kh] díw vkSj v[kjksV gSA fyuksfyd ,flM lHkh [kk| rsyksa tSls djM+h] lks;kchu] edbZ] ew¡xQyh vkfn esa çpqj ek=k esa ik;k tkrk gSA vYQk&fyuksysfud ,flM ¼ALA] vksesxk&3 ifjokj½ vkSj fyuksfyd ,flM ¼LA] vksesxk&6 ifjokj½ nksuksa esa gh 18 dkcZu dh yM+ gksrh gS vkSj nksuksa gh cgqvlar`Ir olh;&vEy gSaA QdZ flQZ bruk gS fd gS vYQk&fyuksysfud ,flM ¼ALA] 18 dkcZu] rhu Mcy&ckaM½ esa rhu Mcy&ckaM gksrs gSa vkSj igyk Mcy&ckaM vksesxk fljs ls rhu dkcZu ds ckn gksrk gSA tcfd fyuksfyd
  • 5. 5 | P a g e ,flM LA esa nks Mcy&ckaM gksrs gSa vkSj igyk Mcy&ckaM NBs dkcZu ds ckn gksrk gSA oSls ns[kus esa ;g QdZ ekewyh yxrk gS] ysfdu nksuksa QSVh ,flM~l ds xq.k] /keZ vkSj dk;Z vyx vyx gSa vkSj ;s 'kjhj esa vyx vyx Hkwfedk fuHkkrs gSaA vksesxk&3 ifjokj esa vU; eq[; lnL; vkbdkslkisaVkuksbd ,flM ¼EPA] 20 dkcZu] 5 f}&ca/k½ vkSj MksdkslkgsXtkuksbd ,flM ¼DHA] 22 dkcZu] 6 f}&ca/k½ gSaA ALA dqN ,atkbEl dh enn ls EPA vkSj DHA cuk ysrk gSA ALA ,atkbEl dh enn ls fofHkUu jlk;fud fØ;kvksa tSls nh?khZdj.k Elongation ¼bl fØ;k esa byksaxst ,atkbe yM+ esa ,d u;k dkcZu tksM+ nsrk gS vkSj yM+ yach gks tkrh gS½ vkSj vlar`fIrdj.k Desaturation ¼bl fØ;k esa Mhlspqjst ,atkbe dkcZu ls tqM+s nks gkbMªkstu Nhu ysrk gS vkSj ,d u;k Mcy&ckaM tksM+ nsrk gS½ }kjk vkbdkslkisaVkuksbd ,flM ¼EPA½ vkSj MksdkslkgsXtkuksbd ,flM ¼DHA½ cukrk gSA ç—fr esa ALA vylh] v[kjksV vkfn esa feyrk gS] tcfd EPA vkSj DHABaMs ikuh esa jgus okyh eNfy;ksa ¼tSls lkyeksu] ljMhu] esdjsy vkfn ½ esa feyrs gSaA QSV~l dk ukedj.k vYQkfyuksysfud ,flM dks ge 18:3 n&3 fy[krs gSaA bldk eryc ;g gqvk fd blesa 18 dkcZu dh yM+ gS rFkk blesa 3 Mcy&ckaM gSa vkSj igyk Mcy&ckaM vksesxk fljs ls rhljs dkcZu ckn curk gS ¼vFkkZr ;g vksesxk&3 QSVh ,flM gS½A fyuksysfud ,flM dks 18:2n&6 fy[ksaxsA DHA dks 22:6n&3 fy[ksaxs] vFkkZr bles 22 dkcZu dh yM+ gksrh gS] blesa 6 Mcy&ckaM gksrs gSa vkSj ;g vksesxk&3 QSVh ,flM gS ;kfu igyk Mcy&ckaM vksesxk fljs ls rhljs dkcZu ckn curk gSA dkjd olk vko';d olk&vEy dk p;kip; iFk ;g rks geus le> fy;k gS fd vk/kqfud ;qx ds O;kid vkSj xaHkhj jksxksa ls cpko vkSj mipkj esa vYQk&fyuksysfud ,flM ¼ALA½ dh Hkwfedk fdruh egRoiw.kZ gSA ysfdu bu QSV~l dh dk;Z ç.kkyh dks iwjh rjg le>us ds fy, buds p;kip; iFk ds le>uk t:jh gSA budk çeq[k dk;Z çksLVkXysafMUl cukuk gSA
  • 6. 6 | P a g e QSV~l ds p;kip; iFk esa nks çeq[k /kkjk,a ¼ysu½ gksrh gSaA igyh /kkjk nks Mcy&ckaM okys vksusxk&6 fyuksfyd ,flM ¼LA½ ls 'kq: gksrh gS vkSj nwljh rhu Mcy&c‚aMokys vksusxk&3 vYQk&fyuksysfud ,flM ¼ALA½ ls 'kq: gksrh gSA nksuksa gh /kkjkvksa esa 18 dkcZu okys QSVh ,flM dk nh?khZdj.k vkSj vlar`Irhdj.k gksrk gS vkSj 20 dkcZu okys QSVh ,flM~l curs gSa tks rhu Jsf.k;ksa ds çksLVkXysafMUl vkSj vkbdkslsu‚;M~l cukrs gSaA vksesxk&3fyuksysfud ,flM iFk 1& MsYVk&6&Mhlspqjst ,atkbe vYQk&fyuksysfud ,flM ¼ALA½ dks vlar`Ir djrk gS vFkkZr ,d Mcy&ckaM tqM+rk gSvkSj LVsfjMksfud ,flM cukrk gSA fØ;k esa MsYVk&6&Mhlspqjst ,atkbe foVkfeu ch&6]esXuhf'k;e vkSj ftad dh lgk;rk ysrk gSA 2& byksaxst ,atkbe LVsfjMksfud ,flM esa nks dkcZu tksM+rk gS vkSj vkbdkslkVsVªkuksbd ,flM ¼ETA½ curk gSA
  • 7. 7 | P a g e 3& MsYVk&5&Mhlspqjst ,atkbe vkbdkslkVsVªkuksbd ,flM ¼ETA½ esa ,d Mcy&ckaM tksM+rk gS vkSj vkbdkslkisaVkuksbd ,flM ¼EPA½ curk gSA bl fØ;k dks lEiUu djus ds fy, MsYVk&5&Mhlspqjst ,atkbe foVkfeu lh] uk;flu vkSj ftad dh lgk;rk ysrk gSA 4& vkbdkslkisaVkuksbd ,flM¼EPA½ çnkgjks/kh ¼Anti-inflammatory½ çksLVkXysafMUl vkSj Y;qdksVªkbUl cukrk gSA 5& MksdkslkgsXtkuksbd ,flM¼DHA½ cukus ds fy, EPA igys byksaxst ,atkbe dh enn ls MksdkslkisaVkuksbd ,flM ¼DPA½ vkSj fQj MsYVk&4&MhgkbMªkstust ,atkbe dh enn ls DHAcukrk gSA vksesxk&6 fyuksfyd ,flM iFk 1& MsYVk&6&Mhlspqjst ,atkbe fyuksfyd ,flM ¼LA½ dks vlar`Ir djrk gS vFkkZr ,d Mcy ckaM tksM+rk gS vkSj xkek fyuksysfud ,flM ¼GLA½ cukrkgSA bl fØ;k esa MsYVk&6&Mhlspqjst ,atkbe foVkfeu ch&6]esXuhf'k;e vkSj ftad dh lgk;rk ysrk gSA 2& byksaxst ,atkbe xkek fyuksysfud ,flM ¼GLA½ esa nks dkcZu tksM+rk gS vkSj Mkbgkseks xkek fyuksfyd ,flM ¼DGLA½ curk gSA 3& Mkbgkseks xkek fyuksfyd ,flM ¼DGLA½ ;k rks çFke Js.kh ds çnkgjks/kh çksLVkXysafMu cuk ldrk gS ;k MsYVk&5&Mhlspqjst ,atkbe dh enn ls vjsfdMksfud ,flM ¼AA½ cuk ldrk gSA  bl fØ;k dks lEiUu djus ds fy, MsYVk&5&Mhlspqjst ,atkbe foVkfeu lh] uk;flu vkSj ftad dh lgk;rk ysrk gSA  MsYVk&5&Mhlspqjst ,atkbe dks vksesxk&3 QSVh ,flM fo'ks"k vuqjkx gS vkSj buds p;kip; esa lg;ksx djuk ilUn djrk gSA  MsYVk&5&Mhlspqjst vksesxk&6 Ja[kyk esa dk;Z djrk gS rks og çFke Js.kh ds çnkgjks/kh çksLVkXysafMu cukuk ilUn djrk gSA  vjsfdMksfud ,flM ¼AA½ COX&2 ,atkbe dh enn ls çnkgdkjh ¼Pro- inflammatory½ çksLVkXysafMUl cukrk gSA vksesxk&6 ds fØ;k iFk esa Mkbgkseks&xkek&fyuksysfud ,flM ¼DGLA½ çFke Js.kh ds vPNs çksLVkXysafMUl cukrk gSA 20 dkcZu rFkk 4Mcy&ckaM okyk vjsdu‚;M ,flM ¼AA½ f}rh; Js.kh ds cqjs çksLVkXysafMUl cukrk gSA
  • 8. 8 | P a g e ,d fo'ks"k ckr ;g gS fd vksesxk&3 vkSj vksesxk&6 nksuksa vius fØ;k iFk esa ,d gh ,atkbe dk ç;ksx djrs gSaA blfy, nksuksa esa xykdkV Li/kkZ vkSj [khaprku yxh jgrh gSA tSls fd çse f=dks.k fQYe esa ghjks vkSj fofy;u nksuksa ,d gh fgjksbu ds ihNs yxs jgrs gSa vkSj mls ikus ds fy, viuh iwjh rkdr yxk nsrs gSaA mlh rjg ;s nksuksa QSVh ,flM~l MsYVk&5 Mhlspqjst ;k vU; ,atkbe dks vius p;kip; esa enn ds fy, Qqlykrs jgrs gSaA ;fn vki vkgkj esa vksesxk&3 ¼ALA½ ç;kIr ek=k esa ysrs gSa rks ;g ,atkbe vPNs vksesxk&3 vkSj çksLVkXysafMUl cukus esa O;Lr jgrk gSA QSV~l ds fØ;k&iFk esa nwljh [kkl ckr ;g gS fd vksesxk&6 QSVh ,flM ds p;kip; iFk esa Mkbgkseksxkek&fyuksysfud ,flM ¼DGLA½ ds ikl nks jkLrs gksrs gSaA og ;k rks çnkgjks/kh ihth1 cuk ldrk gS ;k og MsYVk&5 Mhlspqjst ,atkbe dh enn ls vjsfdMksfud ,flM ¼AA½ esa ifjofrZr gks ldrk gS] tks vkxs py dj ihth2 cukrk gSA ihth1 cuus esa fdlh ,atkbe dh t:jr ugha gksrh gSA tks yksx vius Hkkstu esa i;kZIr vksesxk&3 çpqj ysrs gSa] muds 'kjhj esa ;g ,atkbe vkbdkslkVsVªkuksbd ,flM ¼ETA½ ls vkbdkslk&isaVkuksbd ,flM ¼EPA½ cukus esa O;Lr jgrk gSA blfy, DGLAdks vjsfdMksfud ,flM ¼AA½ esa ifjofrZr gksus ds fy, i;kZIr MsYVk&5 Mhlspqjst ugha fey ikrk gSA blfy, og çnkgjks/kh ihth1 cukus yxrk gS vkSj 'kjhj esa çnkg dks de djrk gSA ysfdu ;fn vkgkj esa vksesxk&3 cgqr de gSa rks DGLAdks AAesa ifjofrZr gksus ds fy, Hkjiwj MsYVk&5 Mhlspqjst ,atkbe miyC/k gksrk gSA QyLo:i DGLAdks AA esa ifjofrZr gksus yxrk gS] tks çnkgdkjh ¼Inflammatory½ ihth2 cukrs gSaA bl rjg ge ns[krs gSa fd ;fn vkgkj esa vksesxk&3 çpqj ek=k esa gS rks vksesxk&6 ¼AA½ }kjk cqjs ihth2 cuus ds fy, i;kZIr MsYVk&5 Mhlspqjst ,atkbe miyC/k ugha gks ikrk gSA çksLVkXysafMUl vksesxk&3 QSV ALAls cuus okys rhljh Js.kh ds çksLVkXysafMUl ¼PGE3½ vkSj vksesxk&6 QSV~l ls cuus okys çksLVkXysafMUl ¼PGE1½ 'kjhj ds fy, fgrdkjh gS] yksx bUgsa vPNs çksLVkXysafMUl dgrs gSaA tcfd vksesxk&6 QSV~l ls çkIr nwljh Js.kh ds çksLVkXysafMUl
  • 9. 9 | P a g e ¼PGE2½ dks yksx cqjk crykrs gSaA ysfdu ;g lc bruk ljy ugha gSA okLrfodrk ;g gS fd nksuksa gh Jsf.k;ksa ds çksLVkXysafMUl tfVy vkSj cgqeq[kh fØ;kvksa }kjk 'kjhj esa vR;ar egRoiw.kZ dk;ksaZ dks lEiUu djrs gSaA dsoy ,d gh fLFkfr esa ;g 'kjhj :ih batu Hkyh Hkkafr pyrk jgsxk] O;fä fujksx vkSj LoLFk thou thrk jgsxk vkSj og fLFkfr gS lUrqyu!!! th gk¡ ;fn 'kjhj dks vksesxk&3 vkSj vksesxk&6 QSVh ,flM~l lUrqfyr ek=k esa feyrs jgsa rks çksLVkXysafMu dk p;kip; (Metabolism) lqpk# :i ls pyrk jgsxkA dbZ lfn;ksa ls gekjs Hkkstu esa vksesxk&3 vkSj vksesxk&6 QSV~l dk vuqikr 1:1 ls 1:4 cuk gqvk Fkk] tks cgqr vPNk ekuk tkrk gSA ysfdu tc ls —f"k vkSj [kk|&inkFkksaZ dk vks|ksxhdj.k 'kq: gqvk vkSj çkslsLM QwM dk pyu c<+k gS rHkh ls vksesxk&6 dh ek=k c<+rh gh jgh gSA vkt vksesxk&3 vkSj vksesxk&6 QSV~l dk larqyu fcxM+ dj 1:20 ¼!!!½ ;k vkSj vf/kd gks x;k gS] tks cgqr [krjukd fLFkfr gSA blls 'kjhj :ih batu dk larqyu vkSj Vîwfuax fcxM+ tkrh gS vkSj batu felQk;j djus yxrk gSA cl ;gh larqyu fcxM+us ls euq"; fpjdkjh çnkg ¼Chronic Inflammation½ dh fxj¶r esa vk tkrk gS vkSj vusd jksxksa tSls ,FksjksfLDyjksfll] dksjksujh gkVZ fMtht] vkFkZzkbfVl] Mk;fcVht] fMçs'ku] vLFkek] dSalj vkfn dk f'kdkj gks tkrk gSA vksesxk&3 QSV~l ds vkS"k/kh; xq.k vkgkj esa i;kZIr vksesxk&3 ysus ls dbZ fodkjksa esa Qk;nk gksrk gSA fcack.kqjks/kh ¼Thrombolytic½ – vksesxk&3 IysVysV~l ¼Plateletes½ dk fpifpikiu de djrs gSa vkSj [kwu ds FkDds ugha cuus nsrsA bl rjg ;s çk—frd ,fLifju dh rjg dk;Z djrs gSaA [kwu ds FkDds cuus ls LVªksd] gkVZ vVsd ;k iYeksujh ,sMhek tSls ?kkrd jksx gks ldrs gSaA vkgkj esa vksesxk&3 dks 'kkfey djds bu jksxksa ls cpk tk ldrk gSA
  • 10. 10 | P a g e ân; jksx – tSls dksjksujh vkVZjh fMtht ¼CHD½ vkSj ,sFksjksfLDyjksfll dk tksf[ke de djuk – vksesxk&3 QSV~l jä&okfgdkvksa dks QSykrs ¼Vasodilatory½ gSa vkSj ,aVh,sFksjkstsfud gSa vFkkZr okfgdkvksa esa Iy‚d ugha cuus nsrsA bl rjg vksesxk&3 jä&okfgdkvksa dks Lohij dh rjg lkQ djrs gSa vkSj jäçokg dks lqpk# j[krs gSaA d‚ysLVsjksy dk Lrj de djuk – vksesxk&3 jä esa d‚ysLVsjksy vkSj Vªk;XyhljkbM~l dk Lrj de djrs gSa vkSj ân; jksx dk tksf[ke de djrs gSaA jäpki – vksesxk&3 ân; jksx tSls ,sFksjksfLDyjksfll ¼okfgdkvksa esa Iy‚d cuuk] rFkk QyLo:i okfgdk dk ladh.kZ gks tkuk½ ls gq, jäpki esa Qk;nk djrk gSA ,sfjnfe;k vkSj ân;xfr laca/kh fodkj – vksesxk&3 ân; dh xfr dks de djrs gSa vkSj ?kkrd ,sfjnfe;k ls cpkrs gSaA ,sfjnfe;k gkVZ vVsd ds ckn e`R;q dk lcls cM+k dkj.k ekuk tkrk gSA jäçokg laca/kh fodkj – vksesxk&3 osjhdkst osUl] vkSj jsu‚M~l jksx esa fgrdkjh lkfcr gq, gSaA D;ksafd ;s jäçokg dks çksRlkfgr djrs gSa vkSj Qkbfczu dks u"V djrs gSa tks [kwu dk FkDdk cukus esa vge rRo ekuk tkrk gSA ekufld jksx – vksesxk&3 dbZ euksjksx tSls f'ktksÝsfu;k] ,Y>kbej vkSj fMizs”ku esa cgqr Qk;nsean gSA vksesxk&3 QhyxqM QwM gS vkSj eu dks çlUu j[krk gSA ;g Øks/k] mÙkstuk] vkØkedrk ¼Hostility½ vkSj vkijkf/kd ço`fÙk de djrk gSA bl rjg ;g Økbe dVj Hkh gSA vVsa'ku MsfQflV gkbij,fDVfoVh ¼ADHD½ fMlysfDl;k – vksesxk&3 eancqf) ¼ADHD½ vkSj i<+kbZ fy[kkbZ esa detksjh ¼Dyslexia½ esa vksesxk&3 Qynk;d fl) gqvk gSA Le`fr] 'kS{kf.kd {kerk – vksesxk&3 efLr"d dh fØ;k&ç.kkyh dks izksRlkfgr djrk gS] Le`fr rFkk 'kS{kf.kd {kerk esa lq/kkj ykrk gSA lkFk gh ,dkxzrk] ltxrk] iwokZHkkl] lgu'kfä] ldkjkRed ço`fÙk] ekufld 'kkafr vkSj cqf)eÙkk cgqr c<+ tkrh gSaA cPpksa dh j{kkç.kkyh – 'kks/kdrkZvksa ds vuqlkj ;fn xHkkZoLFkk esa L=h i;kZIr vksesxk&3 dk lsou djrh gS rks mlds f'k'kq dh j{kkç.kkyh lq–<+ jgrh gS vkSj mls dbZ ,syftZd jksx tSls gs Qhoj] lkbukslkbfVl] vLFkek] QwM ,sythZ vkSj fLdu ,sythZ tSls ,Xthek vkfn dk [krjk cgqr de jgrk gSA
  • 11. 11 | P a g e j{kkç.kkyh – vksesxk&3 cgqr 'kfä'kkyh ,aVhv‚DlhMsaV gS vkSj j{kkç.kkyh ds fy, ykHknk;d gSA fçesaLVªqvy flaMªkse ¼PMS½ – vksesxk&3 ih-,e-,l- dh rdyhQksa tSls nnZ] ,saBu ¼cramp½ vkfn esa cgqr fgrdkjh gSA –f"V rh{.krk ¼Visual Acuity½ – 'kks/kdrkZvksa ds vuqlkj vksesxk&3 esD;qyj Mhtujs'ku dk tksf[ke de djrs gSaA Mªkb vkbZ flaMªkse ds fy, vylh dk rsy loksZÙke yqfczdsaV vkbZ Mª‚i gSA ekjd olk xyr çfØ;k,sa tks vPNs dkjd olk dks ekjd olk esa cny nsrh gSaA rsyksa dh fjQkbfuax ;g vk/kqfud lekt ds fy, cgqr gh nqHkkZX; dh ckr gS fd [kk| rsy fuekZrkvksa us vius LokFkZ ds fy, gekjs Hkkstu ls vko';d olh; vEy fyuksysfud vEy dks iwjh rjg gVk fn;k gSA rsyksa dh fjQkbfuax ,d ekjd rduhd gS ftlesa chtksa dks mPp rkieku 2000 ls 5000 Cds chp dbZ ckj xeZ fd;k tkrk gS] ?kkrd isVªksfy;e mRikn gsXtsu feyk;k tkrk gS vkSj rsy dks fjQkbu] xa/kghu vkSj jaxghu cukus ds fy, dbZ ?kkrd jlk;u tSls dkfLVd lksMk] QkslQksfjd ,flM] Cyhfpax Dyst vkfn feyk;s tkrs gSa] rkfd ;fn fuekZrk lLrs] gkfudkjd vkSj [kjkc chtksa ls Hkh rsy fudkys rc Hkh miHkksäk dks irk ugha pysA rsy fuekZrk tjk lkspsa fd FkksM+k lk T;knk ykHk ikus ds pDdj esa os laiw.kZ ekuo tkfr dks fdruk uqdlku igqapk jgs gSaA lkekU; rjhdksa }kjk rsy fudkyus dh çfØ;k esa lkr çfr'kr rsy de fudyrk gSA iwjk rsy fudkyus ds fy, ?kkrd isVªksfy;e lksyosUV gsXtsu dk ç;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA iwjk rsy fudyus ds ckn mls mPp rkieku ij xeZ fd;k tkrk gS] ftlls gsXtsu mM+ tkrk gS] ftls BaMk dj iqu% ç;ksx esa ys fy;k tkrk gSA fQj Hkh gsXtsu dk dqN va'k rks rsy esa jg gh tkrk gS tks gekjs LokLF; ds lkFk f[kyokM+ djus ds fy, dkQh gSA fjQkbu djus dh çfØ;k esa Ýh QSVh ,flM] QksLQksfyfiM vkSj çk—frd ,UVhv‚fDlMsUV~l dks vyx djus ds fy, ?kkrd jlk;u dkfLVd lksMk feyk;k tkrk gSA vki tkuuk pkgsaxs fd LokLF; ds fy, Qk;nsean ;s inkFkZ D;ksa fudkys tkrs gSa D;ksafd ;s tYnh [kjkc gks tkrs gSa vkSj rsy esa nqxaZ/k nsus yxrs gSaA fuekZrk dksbZ tksf[ke ugha ysuk pkgrk] og rks pkgrk gS fd rsy dh T;knk ls T;knk 'kSYQ ykbQ gks] mlesa dksbZ xa/k ugha vk;s] og yacs le; rd nwdkuksa dh 'kSYQksa esa ltk jgs vkSj fcdus esa dksbZ fnDdr u vk;sA
  • 12. 12 | P a g e chtksa esa dbZ çk—frd rRo tSls QksLQsVkbM~l] yslhfFku] DyksjksfQy] chVk dsjksVhu vkfn gksrs gSa tks d‚ysLVªksy de djrs gSa] jäpki fu;af=r j[krs gSa] dSaljjks/kh gksrs gSa] ikpu fØ;k esa lgk;d gksrs gSa] cqf)eÙkk c<+krs gSa vkSj çnkg&jks/kh gksrs gSaA chtksa esa çk—frd ,aVhv‚fDlMsUV Hkh gksrs gSa tks rsyksa dks [kjkc gksus ls cpkrs gSaA bUgha DyksjksfQy vkSj chVk dsjksVhu dks fudkyus vkSj rsy dks jaxghu cukus ds fy, rsy esa Cyhfpax Dyst feykbZ tkrh gSaA rsy esa ls QksLQsVkbM~l vkSj yslhfFku dks fudkyus ds fy, ¼Mhxfeax½ QksLQksfjd ,flM dk ç;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA xa/kghu cukus ds fy, rsy dks 4600 ls 5200 C ij Hkki ds lkFk fMfLVy fd;k tkrk gS ftlls ,jksesfVd rsy] Ýh QSVh ,flM vkfn nqxZU/k nsus okys rRo vyx gks tkrs gSaA blds ckn rsy esa —f=e ,UVhv‚DlhMsUV] fçtosZfVo vkSj LVsfcykbtj feyk fn;s tkrs gSa vkSj vkidks yqHkkus ds fy, fMCcs ij ‘foVkfeu A vkSj D ls ;qDr’ fy[k fn;k tkrk gSA bl rsy dks rduhdh Hkk"kk esa Cheap Commertial RBD oil dgrs gSaA egku rsy fo'ks"kK ÅMks bjsLel bl rsy dks IykfLVd rsy dgrs gSa vkSj bls ekuo LokLF; ds fy, lcls [krjukd tgj ekurs gSaA vYQk&fyuksysfud ,flM Hkh bl mPp rkieku vkSj fofHkUu jlk;uksa ds lEidZ esa vkus ls iw.kZr;k u"V gks tkrk gSaA gkbMªkstus'ku dbZ fuekZrk rsyksa 'kSYQ ykbQ c<+kus ds fy, rsyksa dk fudy rFkk gkbMªkstu dh enn vkaf'kd gkbMªksftus'ku fd;k tkrk gSA bl çfØ;k esa rsyksa esa ls fufdy /kkrq dh mifLFkfr esa 4000 F ij Hkkjh ncko ls 8 ?kaVs rd gkbMªkstu çokfgr dh tkrh gSA blls rS;kj gksrk gS fuf"Ø; ¼e`r½ rsy tks dHkh [kjkc ugha gksrk gSA blesa gksrs gSa dsehdy }kjk ifjofrZr QSVh ,flM ¼tks 'kjhj ds fy, fcydqy fujZFkd rsy ftldk p;kip; djuk 'kjhj ds cl dh ckr ugha gS½] Vªkal QSV vkSj fufdy ds vo'ks"kA iw.kZ gkbMªkstus”kuls rsy lQsn] Bksl] dM+k vkSj ns[kus esa ?kh tSlk yxrk gSA ektZfju vkSj 'kksVZfuax iw.kZ gkbMªkstuh—r gksrs gSaA bl iwjh çfØ;k esa chtksa esa fo|eku dbZ egRoiw.kZ vkSj ykHknk;d ouLifrd rRo] foVkfeu vkfn iwjh rjg u"V gks tkrs gSaA cgqjk"Vªh; laLFkku vius lHkh [kk| inkFkksaZ tSls czsM] dsd] eSxh] ikLrk] uwMYl] fcLdqV] fpIl] fiTtk] cxZj] vkblØhe] p‚dysV vkfn esa VªkalQSV ;qä ?kkrd gkbMªkstuh—r olk dk Hkjiwj ç;ksx djrs gSA VªkalQSV gekjs 'kjhj ds fy, fo"k gS tks dbZ chekfj;ka tSls Mk;fcVht] eksVkik] vkFkZzkbfVl] mPp&jäpki] ân;k?kkr] fMçs'ku vkfn iSnk djrs gSaA
  • 13. 13 | P a g e ryuk ¼Frying, Deep Frying½ ryus ds fy, cgq&vlar`Ir rsy ;k Polyunsaturated Oils dHkh Hkh dke esa ugha ysa] pkgs og lLrk VksfDld fjQkbaM rsy gks ;k BaMh fof/k }kjk ¼Cold pressed½ fudyk gqvk vifj"—r ¼Unrefined½ fry ;k ljlksa dk cf<+;k rsy gksA dHkh Hkh xeZ [kkyh Ýkbax isu ;k d<+kbZ esa rsy Mky dj rst vkap ij xeZ ugha djsaA igys rsy dks rst vkap ij tyk dj ryuk ;k rM+dk yxkuk vc Hkwy tkb;sA x`gf.k;ksa tc rd vki d<+kbZ esa rsy Mky dj /kqavka fudky dj dM+dM+krh vkokt ds lkFk rM+dk yxkus dh rS;kjh djrh gSa rc rd vkids rsy dk rkieku 6000 &7000 F ;k vkSj Åij tk pqdk gksrk gS] rsy iwjh rjg ty pqdk gksrk gS] mlds fll QSVh ,flM~l Vªkal QSVh ,flM~l esa cny pqds gksrs gSa vkSj mlds lkjs ,aVhv‚fDlMsUV u"V gks pqds gksrs gSaA ;fn vki O;atu cukus ds fy, crZu dks e/;e vkap ij xeZ djsa] fQj rsy vkSj ikuh lkFk Mkysa] rks ikuh O;atu ds rkieku dks lqjf{kr rkieku ls mij ugha tkus nsxkA blds ckn lkekU; rjhds ls O;atu rS;kj djsaA de vkap ij fry] ljlksa ;k ukfj;y ds rsy esa ikuh feyk dj gYdk QqYdk ÝkbZ djus esa fo'ks"k gtZ ugha gSA ryuk rks fcydqy gh can dj nsaA ryus ds fy, ikuh dk ç;ksx djuk Hkh cqjk ughaA dbZ vkgkj'kkL=h vktdy ryus dk loksZÙke vkSj lqjf{kr ek/;e ikuh dks ekurs gSaA fQj Hkh ;fn dHkh etcwjh esa ryuk gh iM+s rks de vkap ij lar`Ir olk tSls ?kh] eD[ku] ukfj;y dk rsy ;k tSrwu dk rsy ¼Mono Unsaturated Fat½ ç;ksx djsaA mckyuk vkSj Hkki esa idkuk Hkkstu idkus ds vPNs rjhds gSaA de rkieku ¼1600 C½ ij Hkkstu csd djuk Hkkstu cukus dk dkQh lqjf{kr rjhdk ekuk tkrk gS D;ksafd feJ.k esa feyk;k x;k ikuh feJ.k ds rkieku dks vksou ds mPp rkieku rd ugha igqapus nsrkA feuslksVk fo'ofo|ky; ds Hkkstu vkSj iks"k.k jlk;u foHkkx dh çkpk;Z M‚- lsysuh ds vuqlkj rsy dks 200&2250 C ij vk/ks ?kaVs rd xeZ djus ls mlesa ,p-,u-bZ- uked cgqr gh VkWfDld inkFkZ curk gSA ;g fyuksfyd ,flM ds v‚Dlhdj.k ls curk gS vkSj çksVhu] DNA, RNA vkSj vU; vko';d rRoksa dks {kfr igqapkrk gSA ;g ,sFksjkfLDyjksfll] LVªksd] ikfdZUlu] ,Y>kbej jksx] ;—r jksx vkfn dk tud ekuk tkrk gSA os ryus ds fy, cgq&vlar`Ir rsy ç;ksx djus ds fo#) FkhaA lar`Ir olk dks xeZ djus ij v‚Dlh—r ugha gksrs gSa vkSj blfy, xeZ djus ij muesa ,p-,u-bZ- Hkh ugha curs gSaA blfy, ?kh] eD[ku vkSj ukfj;y dk rsy dbZ n'kdksa ls ekuo LokLF; dks jksxxzLr djus dh cnukeh >syus ds ckn vkt dy iqu% vkgkj 'kkfL=;ksa dk pgsrs cus gq, gSaA ;s 'kjhj esa vksesxk&3 vkSj vksesxk&6 dk vuqikr Hkh lkekU; cuk;s j[krs gSaA ;g vc iw.kZr% fl) gks pqdk gS fd fdlh Hkh O;atu dks rst vkap ij cgq&vlar`Ir rsy ¼PUFA½ esa ryuk dSalj dk eq[; dkj.k gS vkSj oSKkfudksa ds ikl blds i;kZIr lcwr gSaA
  • 14. 14 | P a g e tc rsy dks xeZ djrs gSa rks mldk rkieku tYnh gh 6000 &7000 F ;k vkSj Åij pyk tkrk gSA bl rkieku ij rsy ds fll QSVh ,flM~l Vªkal QSVh ,flM~l esa cny tkrs gSa vkSj mlds lkjs ,aVhv‚fDlMsUV vkSj iks"kd rRo ¼foVkfeu bZ vkSj dsjksVhu½ u"V gks tkrs gSaA blh rsy dks tc nwljh ckj xeZ fd;k tkrk gS rks blds çksVhu ty dj dSalj iSnk djus okys ?kkrd ,Øksfyu cukrs gSa] tks ekuo ds fy, lcls [krjukd fo"k gSA blhfy, ryus ds ckn rsy dks iqu% ç;ksx djus dh lykg dHkh Hkh ugha nh tkrh gS vkSj cktkj ds rys gq, O;atu [kkus dk Hkh euk fd;k tkrk gSA ;kn jgs [kkuk idkus vkSj [kkus ds crZu LVhy] dkap] phuh feêh ds gh ç;ksx djsaA IykfLVd] ,Y;qehfu;e ;k Vs¶yksu dksVsM crZu vkSj ekbØksoso dHkh Hkh ç;ksx ugha djsaA Hkkstu cukus ds fy, fuEu rsy vPNs ekus tkrs gSaA ysfdu ;s dksYMizLM vkSj vufjQkbaM gksus pkfg;sA ukfj;y dk rsy& ehfM;e psu QSVh ,flM ls Hkjiwj ukfj;y dk rsy Mk- cqMfox us lcls vPNk ekuk gS  fry dk rsy  ljlksa dk rsy  tSrwu dk rsy  eD[ku ;k ?kh & FkksM+h cgqr ek=k esa lar`Ir olk Hkh dke esa fy, tk ldrs gSaA gkjoMZ gsYFk ifCyd Ldwy esa gqbZ 'kks/k ls lkfcr gqvk gS fd vesfjdk esa de ls de 30 gtkj ls T;knk yksxksa dh e`R;q çfro"kZ ekjd olk ds lsou ls gh gksrh gSaA VªkalQSV¼Trans Fats½– fll foU;kl ds foijhr Vªkal QSV esa foijhr fn'kk ds gkbMªkstu vyx gksrs gSa vFkkZr ,d ckabZ rjQ dk rks nwljk nkfguh rjQ dkA QyLo:i QSVh ,flM dh yM+ lh/kh jgrh gS vkSj vkil esa ?kfu"Vrk ls teh jgrh gS] blfy, ;s lkekU; rkiØe ij lar`Ir olh; vEy dh rjg Bksl jgrs gSaA ;g vlkekU; vkSj vçk—frd foU;kl gSA ç—fr esa Vªkal QSVh ,flM~l ugha curs gSaA ysfdu rsyksa dk gkbMªkstus'ku ¼Hydrogenation½ djus ij çpqj ek=k esa VªkalQSV curs gSaA Vªkal vkSj fll QSVh ,flM~l esa lcls cM+k QdZ ;gh gS fd VªkalQSV esa ÅtkZoku vkSj ltho bysDVªksUl ugha gksrs gSaA blfy, ;s gekjs 'kjhj ds fy, O;FkZ] fujFkZd vkSj ekjd gSaA
  • 15. 15 | P a g e 'kjhj esa ;s laosnu'khy LFkkuksa ij tek gksrs gSa] cqjk d‚ysLVsjksy c<+krs gSa] çnkgdkjh gSa vkSj ân; lesr vusd jksxksa ds dkjd gSaA ;s gesa vekuq"k cukrs gSa] Hkwrdky dh vksj /kdsyrs gSa vkSj xrZ esa ys tkrs gSaA M‚- tksgkuk cqMfox] ÅMks bjsLel vkSj vusd vuqla/kkudrkZ bUgsa ekuork dk lcls cM+k 'k=q ekurs gSaA Dr. Om Verma M.B.B.S., M.R.S.H. (London) President, Flax Awareness Society http://flaxindia.blogspot.in +919460816360