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Dr. Budwig's Interview

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In 1950, I developed Paper Chromatography of fats. With this technique for first time fats, fatty acids and lipoproteins could be detected directly even in 0.1 ml of blood. Using Co 60 I was …

In 1950, I developed Paper Chromatography of fats. With this technique for first time fats, fatty acids and lipoproteins could be detected directly even in 0.1 ml of blood. Using Co 60 I was successful in producing the first differrential reaction for fatty acids, and via radioiodine producing the first direct iodine value. I also developed control of atmosphere in closed system by using gas systems which act as antioxidants. Coloring, separating effects of fats and fatty acids were further developed. Behavior was studied in blue light, red light with fluorescent dyes.
I studied the electrical behavior of the unsaturated fatty acids with their “halo” using dyes with rhodamine red. With this technique I proved that electron rich highly unsaturated Linoleic and Linolenic fatty acids (found abundantly in flax oil) are the undiscovered decisive fats in respiratory enzyme function that Otto Warburg could not find. I studied the electromotoric function of pi-electrons of the linolenic acid in the cell membranes, for all nerve function, secretions, mitosis, as well as cell breakdown. I also examined the synergism of the sulfur containing protein with the Pi-electrons of the highly unsaturated fatty acids and their significance for the formation of the hydrogen bridge between fat and protein, which represent “the only path” for fast and focused transport of electrons during respiration.
This immediately caused a furor. Cancer problem was brought in. Hydrogenated fats, which includes all Trans fatty acids proved to be respiratory poisons. This was extensively published in 1950 in many journals including “New Directions in Fat Research”.

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  • 1. 1 | P a g e yksFkj & dSalj dk ewy dkj.k D;k gS M‚- cqMfox & 1928 esa MkW- vkWVks okjcxZ us fl) fd;k Fkk fd dSalj dk ewy dkj.k dksf’kdkvksa esa vkWDlhtu dh deh gks tkuk gS] ftlds fy, mUgsa ukscy iqjLdkj Hkh fn;k x;kA vkWDlhtu ds vHkko esa dksf’kdk QjesaVs’ku }kjk “olu fØ;k djrh gS] ftlesa ysfDVd ,flM curk gSA vkWDlhtu dks [khapus ds fy, lYQj;qDr izksVhu vkSj ,d vKkr QSV t#jh gksrk gS ftls okjcxZ <wa<+ ugha ik;sA yksFkj & vkidh eq[; [kkst D;k gS M‚- cqMfox & lu~ 1950 esa eSaus QSV~l dks igpkuus dh isij ØksesVksxzkQh rduhd fodflr dh FkhA bl ds }kjk ge ,d cwan [kwu esa Hkh QSV~l dks igpku ldrs FksA ;g [kkst cgqr vge vkSj Økafrdkjh lkfcr gqbZA blls gekjs 'kjhj ds dbZ jgL; ijr&nj&ijr [kqyrs pys x;sA blls Li"V gks pqdk Fkk fd dksf’kdk esa vkWDlhtu dks [khapus ds fy, t#jh vkSj jgL;e; QSV fyuksfyd vkSj fyuksysfud ,flM gSa] ftUgsa nks n’kdksa ls okjcxZ vkSj dbZ oSKkfud [kkst jgs FksA vylh bu QSV~l dk lclss cM+k L=ksr gSA eSaus bu QSV~l dh lajpuk vkSj buds fo|qr&pqEcdh; çHkko dk xgjkbZ ls v/;;u fd;kA vlar`Ir QSV~l dh lajpuk esa lcls çeq[k ckr Fkh ÅtkZoku bysDVªksUl dh mifLFkfr] ftUgsa ij[kuk vkSj fl) djuk isij ØksesVksxzkQh rduhd }kjk gh laHko gks ldkA eSaus bUgsa ikbZ&bysDVªksUl uke ls ifjHkkf"kr fd;kA vius nkeu esa bysDVªksUl dh vikj laink lesVs bu vlar`Ir olk vEyksa dks blhfy, vko';d olk&vEy dk ntkZ fn;k x;kA ;s bysDVªksUl lYQj;qä çksVhUl ls ca/ku cuk dj ykbiksçksVhu cukrs gSa] tks dksf'kdk dh nhokj dk fuekZ.k djrs gSa vkSj dksf'kdk esa v‚Dlhtu dks [khaprs gSaA ;s bysDVªksUl gesa thou 'kfä ls Hkj nsrs gSa] buds fcuk thou vdYiuh; gS vkSj blhfy, bUgsa vejRo ?kVd ekuk x;k gSA MkW- tksgkuk cqMfox vksesxk& ysMh tksgkuk cqMfox vksesxk&3 ysMh 30 fllacj]1908 - 19 ebZ] 2003 M‚ tksgkuk cqMfox us fQftDl] ck;ksdsfeLVªh rFkk QkesZdksyksth esa ekLVj fMxzh vkSj çk—frd fpfdRlk foKku esa ih- ,p-Mh- dh FkhA os teZuh ds QsMjy bafLVVîwV v‚Q QSV~l fjlpZ ds QSV~l ,aM MªXl foHkkx dh phQ ,DliVZ FkhA os teZuh o ;wjksi dh fo[;kr olk vkSj rsy fo'ks"kK FkhA mUgsa bl mipkj esa 90% lQyrk feyrh Fkh] og Hkh mu jksfx;ks esa ftUgsa ,syksiSFkh tokc ns pqdh FkhA blds fy, mUgsa Ukkscy iqjLdkj ds fy, mudk lkr ckj ukekafdr fd;k x;kA
  • 2. 2 | P a g e mu fnuksa Vªkal QSV ls Hkjiwj ouLifr vkSj fjQkbaM rsyksa dks ân;&fgrS"kh crk dj eD[ku dh txg /kM+Yys ls ç;ksx esa fy;k tk jgk FkkA bUgsa cukus ds fy, dbZ ckj xeZ fd;k tkrk gS vkSj ?kkrd jlk;u feyk;s tkrs gSaA tc eSaus ØksesVksxzkQh }kjk budh tkap dh rks ik;k fd buesa ÅtkZoku bysDVªksUl dh laink u"V gks pqdh FkhA ;s Ýh&jsMhdy dh rjg O;ogkj dj jgs Fks vkSj ;s gekjs fy, 'olu&fo"k lkfcr gks pqds FksA Vªkal QSV esa Mcy&ckaM ij foijhr fn’kk ds gkbMªkstu vyx gksrs gSa] tcfd LoLFk fll QSV esa ,d gh rjQ ds gkbMªkstu vyx gksrs gSaA yksFkj & blhfy, vki ouLifr vkSj fjQkbaM rsy ls ijgst djus dh ckr djrh gSaa M‚- cqMfox & eSa ges'kk bu V‚fDld QSV~l ls ijgst djus dh lykg nsrh gw¡A ysfdu vkt Hkh fuekZrk rsyksa dks xeZ dj jgs gSa] gkbMªkstusV dj jgs gSa vkSj jlk;uksa dk ç;ksx Hkh dj jgs gSaA nwljh rjQ dheksFkSjsih ds uqekbans dqN lquuk gh ugha pkgrs gSa] mudh fn'kk gh xyr gSA dheks ,d ekjd ;k foèoald mipkj gS tks dSalj dh xkaB ds lkFk esa <sj lkjh LoLFk dksf’kdkvksa dks Hkh ekj Mkyrk gSA yksFkj & ;s bysDVªksUl ds ckny D;k gksrs gSa vkSj budk D;k egRo gS M‚- cqMfox & bl iwjh dk;ukr esa lw;Z ds ÅtkZoku QksVksUl dk lap; djus dh lcls T;knk {kerk euq"; esa gksrh gSA tc 'kjhj esa QSVh ,flM~l bu QksVksUl dk Hkjiwj vo'kks"k.k djrs gSa rks buesa ikbZ&bysDVªksUl dk vkos'k] ÅtkZ vkSj lfØ;rk bruh vfèkd gksrh gS fd gYds&QqYds bysDVªksUl ds ;s >qaM Åij mB dj cknyksa dh rjg rSjus yxrs gSa vkSj QSVh ,flM dh Hkkjh yM+ uhps jg tkrh gSA blhfy, budks bysDVªksUl ds ckny ¼ ½ dgrs gSaA yksFkj & D;k vki eq>s bu vulspqjsVsM QSVh ,flM~l ds ckjs esa foLrkj ls cryk;sxh M‚- cqMfox & ÅtkZoku vkSj ltho vlar`Ir QSVh&,flM~l 18 dkcZu dh yM+ ls 'kq: gksrs gSaA 'kjhj esa 28 dkcZu rd ds QSVh&,flM gksrs gSaA vylh ds rsy esa fo|eku 18 yM+ okyk vlar`Ir fyuksfyd&vEy ftankfny ekuk x;k gSA blesa nks ÅtkZoku Mcy&ckaM gksrs gSa] ftuesa Hkjiwj bysDVªksfud ÅtkZ gksrh gSA rhu Mcy&ckaM okys fyuksysfud&,flM esa bysDVªksfud ÅtkZ bruh vf/kd gksrh gS fd pqEcd dh rjg çcy gks tkrh gSA vylh ds rsy esa fo|eku QSVh&,flM~l bysDVªksUl dh nkSyr lcls T;knk gksrh gS vkSj ;s lkFk fey dj v‚Dlhtu dks cM+s çHkko'kkyh <ax ls vkdf"kZr djrs gaSA esjs fy, ;g lc fl) djuk lpeqp vklku gks x;k FkkA ;g bysDVªksfud ÅtkZ fLFkj ugha jgrh] cfYd xfr'khy jgrh gSA blds foijhr vU; ;kSfxd tSls ued esa bysDVªksUl fLFkj jgrs gSaA ;g ÅtkZ bysDVªksUl vkSj iksftfVoyh pktZ~M lYQj;qä çksVhu ds chp ?kwerh jgrh gSA ;g cgqr vge gSA ekbdy,atsyks ds fp= esa bZÜoj }kjk ,Me dks cukrs gq, fn[kk;k x;k gS ¼nks vaxqfy;ka ,d nwljs dh rjQ bafxr djrh gSa ijUrq nksuksa vaxqfy;ka dHkh Nwrh ugha gS½A ;gh DokaVe fQftDl gS] ;gk¡ vaxqfy;k Nwrh ugha gSaA ;fn dksf'kdkvksa dh fHkfÙk;ka Vªkal QSV ls curh gSa] ftuds bysDVªksUl u"V gks pqds gksrs gaS] rks os vkil esa ,d tky dh rjg xqaFks jgrs gSaA gkykafd buesa vlar`Ir Mcy&ckaM rks gksrs gSa ijUrq bysDVªksfUkd ÅtkZ Written by Dr. Om Verma M.B.B.S.,M.R.S.H. (London) President, Flax Awareness Society 7-B-43, Mahaveer Nagar III, Kota (Raj.) http://flaxindia.blogspot.in +919460816360
  • 3. 3 | P a g e dk vHkko jgrk gS] MkbiksysfjVh ugha gksrh gS] ;s çksVhu ls caèk ugha ikrs gSa vkSj v‚Dlhtu dks dksf'kdk esa [khapus esa vleFkZ gksrs gSaA ;gh Vªkal QSV dh dkfrykuk fQrjr gSA yksFkj & D;k ;gh ÅtkZ dSalj dk mipkj djrh gS M‚- t‚gkuk cqMfox & ;gh ÅtkZ tks xfr'khy gS] thou&'kfä ls iw.kZ gS] dSalj dk mipkj djrh gSA ;fn vkids 'kjhj esa ;g thou&'kfä gS rks dSalj dk vfLrRo laHko gh ugha gSA ;gh 'kjhj dh j{kk&ç.kkyh dks etcwr cukrh gSA vko';d olk&vEy gh j{kk&ç.kkyh dks etcwr cukus esa lcls cM+h Hkwfedk fuHkkrs gSaA yksFkj&vkius dSalj dk mipkj dSls fodflr fd;k M‚- cqMfox & eSaus ns[kk fd dSalj ds jksfx;ksa esa fyuksysfud ,flM] ykbiksçksVhu vkSj QksLQsVkbM dh ek=k cgqr gh de gksrh FkhA eSaus u;s ç;ksx djus dk fu'p; fd;kA eSaus dSalj ds jksfx;ksa dks vylh dk rsy vkSj iuhj ¼ftlesa dkQh lYQj&;qä çksVhu gksrs gSa½ feyk dj nsuk 'kq: dj fn;kA rhu eghus ckn fQj muds jä ds uewus fy;sA urhts pkSadk nsus okys FksA yksxksa ds [kwu esa QksLQsVkbM] gheksXyksfcu vkSj ykbiksçksVhu dh ek=k dkQh c<+ xbZ FkhA dSalj ds jksxh ÅtkZoku vkSj LoLFk fn[k jgs Fks] mudh xkaBs NksVh gks xbZ Fkh] os dSalj dks ijkLr dj jgs FksA dSalj ds mipkj dh igyh irkdk ygjkbZ tk pqdh FkhA bl rjg eSaus vylh ds rsy] iuhj] viDo tSfod vkgkj vkSj lkfRod thou&'kSyh ds vk/kkj ij dSalj dk mipkj fodflr fd;kA yksFkj & D;k dSalj dh xkaBs ltZjh }kjk fudky nsuh pkfg;s M‚ cqMfox & eSa dheks vkSj jsfM;ks ds l[r fo#) gwaA esjs [k;ky ls ltZjh ds ckjs esa fu.kZ; jksxh dh fLFkfr ds vuqlkj lksp le> dj ysuk pkfg;sA yksFkj & vkius 47 o’kZ dh mez esa esMhdy dk vè;;u Hkh fd;k M‚- cqMfox & esjs dqN fojksèkh dgus yxs fd cqMfox tc M‚DVj ugha gS rks og ejhtksa dk bykt D;ksa djrh gSA ;g ckr eq>s pqHk xbZ vkSj 1955 esa eSaus xksfVatu ds esMhdy Ldwy esa ços'k ys fy;kA rHkh dh ,d ?kVuk eq>s ;kn vk jgh gSA ,d jkr dks ,d efgyk vius cPps dks ysdj jksrh gqbZ esjs ikl vkbZA mlds cPps ds iSj esa lkjdksek uked dSalj gks x;k Fkk vkSj M‚DVj mldk iSj dkVuk pkgrs FksA eSaus mldks lgh mipkj crk;k ftlls mldk cPpk tYnh Bhd gks x;k vkSj iSj Hkh ugha dkVuk iM+kA pwafd rc eSa esMhdy LVwMsUV FkhA blfy;s eq> ij dsl dj fn;k x;k yksFkj gjukbls egku dSalj vuqlaèkkudrkZ vkSj teZuh dh Þihiqy vxsULV dSaljß ds laLFkkid gSaA bUgksaus ÞdheksFkSjsih ghYl dSalj ,UM n oYMZ bt+ ¶ysVß iqLrd fy[kh vkSj vius vuqHkoksa ds vk/kkj ij dSalj&mipkj ¼ ½ fodflr fd;k gSA yksFkj gjukbls http://www.3e-centre.com
  • 4. 4 | P a g e fd eSa vLirky ls ejhtksa dks Qqlyk dj vius ?kj ys tkrh gw¡] mudk xyr rjhds ls bykt djrh gw¡ blfy, eq>s esMhdy Ldwy ls fudky nsuk pkfg,A eSaus tt dks lkjh ckr lkQ&lkQ cryk nhA tt us eq> ls dgk] ÞcqMfox] rqeus cgqr vPNk dke fd;k gSA dksbZ rqEgkjk cky Hkh ckadk ugha dj ldrk gSA ;fn dksbZ rqEgsa ijs'kku djsxk rks fpfdRlk txr esa Hkwpky tk;sxkAß yksFkj & vki dSalj ls cpko ds fy;s yksxksa dks D;k lykg nsrh gSa M‚- cqMfox & blds fy, eSa vylh vkSj bldk rsy [kkus dh lykg nsrh gw¡A jkst Qyksa dk rktk T;wl fi;saA Vªkal QSV ls ijgst j[ksaA gekjs pkjksa vksj dk fo|qr&pqEcdh; okrkoj.k Hkh cgqr egRoiw.kZ gksrk gSA ekbØksoso vkWou vkSj eksckby Qksu ds iz;ksx ls cpsaA Qkse ds xís vkSj flaFksfVd diM+s 'kjhj ls bysDVªksu pqjkrs gSA lwrh] js'keh ;k Åuh diM+s igusaA twV ;k :bZ ds xís ç;ksx djsaA vf/kd tkudkjh ds fy, http://flaxindia.blogspot.com ij ykWx vkWu djsaA

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