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Beet root
Beet root
Beet root
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Beet root

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  • 1. 1|P ag e pqdanj & lsgr dk fldanj pqdanj ;k chVk oYxsfjl ¼Family Chenopodiaceae½ vusd foVkfeu] [kfut rRo vkSj ,aVhv‚DlhMsaV ls Hkj iwj ,d lqij QwM gSA ;g ihys] yky] cSaxuh ;k tkequh dbZ jaxksa esa feyrk gSA pqdanj gj lykn] O;atu vkSj lfCt;ksa esa ,d u;k jax Hkj nsrk gSA ;g lsgr ds fy, cgqr mi;kxh gS] ge bls lsgr dk fldanj dgrs gSA dSalj lesr dbZ chekfj;ksa esa bldk mi;ksx gksrk gSA bls dPpk] mcky dj ;k lCth cuk dj [kk;k tkrk gSA bldh ifÙk;ka vkSj tM+ nksuksa gh [kk;s tkrs gSaA vk;qosZn esa bldk ç;ksx vkS"kf/k ds :i esa Hkh gksrk gSA bldk T;wl ,d mR—"B V‚fud gSA pqdanj dk ikSf"Vdrk vkSj Lokn cuk;s j[kus ds fy, bldks fcuk fNydk fudkys Ms<+ nks bap Vguh ds lkFk gh 15 feuV rd Hkki esa idkuk pkfg;sA idus ls bldh Åijh ijr vklkuh ls fudy vkrh gS vkSj ;g vU; O;atu cukus ds fy, rS;kj gks tkrk gSA bfrgkl pqdanj dh [ksrh 4000 o"kksaZ ls dh tk jgh gSA vk;qosZn ds dbZ xzaFkksa esa pqdanj ds vkS"k/kh; xq.kksa dk o.kZu feyrk gSA lcls igys cschyksu lkezkT; esa bls [kkuk 'kq: fd;k x;kA xzhd vkSj jkse us bldh tM+ dks vkS"k/kh ds :i esa vkSj ifÙk;ksa dks lCth ds :i esa ç;ksx fd;kA fgiksØsV~l pqdanj dh ifÙk;ksa ls ?kko dh Mªsflax djrk FkkA baxySaM esa bldk T;wl cw<+s] detksj vkSj #X.k yksxksa dks fiyk;k tkrk FkkA vÝhdk esa bls lk;ukbM i‚btfuax ds mipkj esa ç;ksx fd;k tkrk FkkA
  • 2. 2|P ag e iks"kd rRoksa dk xqynLrk pqdanj esa yxHkx 10 % tfVy 'kdZjk gksrh gS] tks 'kjhj dks rkdr nsrh gSA blesa foVkfeu&,] foVkfeu ch&6] foVkfeu ch&12] foVkfeu&lh] foVkfeu&ds] Qksfyd ,flM vkfn vkSj iksVsf'k;e] dSfY'k;e] esxuhf'k;e] esaxuht] QkslQksjl] d‚ij] yksg] cksjksu vkfn [kfut gksrs gSaA fofnr jgs blesa dsys ls Hkh T;knk iksVsf'k;e gksrk gSA ;g ?kqyu'khy Qkbcj dk Hkh vPNk lzksr gSA blesa dbZ QkbVksU;wfVª,aV~l tSls chVkdksjksVhu] Y;wfVu] ft;ktsafFku] csVsu] fVªIVksQsu vkfn gksrs gSaA pqdanj esa dqN xgjs jaxfcjaxs ds LokL¸oo/kZd rRo gksrs gSa ftUgsa chVkysu ¼Betalain½ dgrs gSaA chVkysu nks rjg ds gksrs gSaA 1& chVklk;fuu ¼Betacyanin½ vkSj 2& chVktsafFku ¼Betaxanthin½A chVklk;fuu yky&cSaxuh jax dk rRo gS] tcfd chVktsafFku ihys ;k ukjaxh jax dk rRo gSA chVkfuu chV:V esa çpqj ek=k esa gksrk gS vkSj bldk uke Hkh chV:V ls gh fudyk gSA ;g ,d XywdkslkbM gS] tks futZyh—r ¼Hydrolyze½ gksdj Xywdkst vkSj chVkfufMu cukrk gSA Raw beetroot (100g) provides: Food Elements Per 100g GDA* Energy 162 kJ / 38 kcal 2% Carbohydrate of which sugar of which starch g 7.6 g 7.0 g 0.6 3% 8% Fibre g 1.9 8% Sodium g 0.1 Equivalent as salt g 0.17 3% Vitamin C 8% Folic Acid (Folate) 75% Potassium (K) 11% Iron (fe) 7% Zinc (Zn) 3% Magnesium (Mg) 4% chVkfuu uke ds chVklk;fuu rRo ij cgqr 'kks/k gqbZ gSA ;g [kk| inkFkksaZ dks jax nsus ds dke esa vkrk gSA gYds ;k xgjs yky] cSaxuh ;k tkequh jax ds pqdanj esa eq[;r% chVklk;fuu rRo gksrk gSA ihys pqdanj esa eq[; rRo chVktsafFku gksrk gSA lHkh chVkysu esa eq[; v.kq chVkysfed ,flM gksrk gS] ftlls vekbuks ,flM MsjhosfVo tqM+ dj chVkysu rRo curk gSA vekbuks ,flM MsjhosfVo ds vk/kkj ij chVkysu dh igpku gksrh gSA chVkysu ikuh esa /kqyu'khy gksrs gSaA pqdanj esa chVkfuu ds vykok oYxktsafFku] vkblkschVkfuu] çkschVkfuu vkSj fu;kschVkfuu vU; chVkysu gksrs gSaA chVkysu ,jksesfVd baMksy MsjhosfVo gSa] tks Vk;jkslhu ls curs gSaA chVkysu dh jklk;fud lajpuk ,aFkkslk;fuu ls fcydqy fHkUu gksrh gS] ;s rks ¶yksoku‚;M Hkh ugha gSaA chVkysu esa ukbVªkstu gksrh gS] tcfd ,aFkkslk;fuu esa ukbVªkstu ugha gksrh gSA gj chVkysu ,d XywdkslkbM gS] ftlesa ,d 'kqxj vkSj jax rRo gksrk gSA budk fuekZ.k çdk'k dh mifLFkfr esa çksRlkfgr gksrk gSA blds lkFk gh ;s cgqr tYnh v‚DlhMkbt gks tkrs gSaA pqdanj ds vykok :ckcZ] d‚MZ] ,ejsaFk] fçdyh fi;j dsDVl] uksiy dsDVl vkfn Hkh buds vPNs lzksr gSaA ,aVhbU¶ysesVªh & vf/kdka'k chVkysu ,aVhv‚DlhMsaV vkSj ,aVh&bU¶ysesVªh gksrs gSaA chVkfuu] vkblkschVkfuu vkSj oYxktsafFku lkbDyksv‚Dlhtust ,atkbEl ¼COX&1 vkSj COX&2½ dks ckf/kd djrs
  • 3. 3|P ag e gSaA ;s ,atkEl çksbU¶ysesVªh ;kSfxd cukrs gSaA bl rjg ;s 'kjhj esa vokafNr vkSj Ø‚fud bU¶yses'ku ;k çnkg dk 'kkar djrs gSaA pqdanj esa ,d fo'ks"k rRo chVsu gksrk gSA ;g ch&d‚EIysDl foVkfeu dksyhu ls curk gSA dksyhu ds v.kq esa rhu feFkkby xzqi tqM+us ij chVsu curk gSA chVsu çksbU¶ysesVªh rRo tSls lh&fj;sfDVo çksVhu] bUVjY;wfdu&6 vkSj Vîwej usØksfll QsDVj vYQk dk Lrj de djrk gS vkSj çcy ,aVh&bU¶ysesVªh ekuk x;k gSA ;g ân;jksx] dSalj vkSj Mk;fcVht esa cgqr mi;kxh gSA fofnr jgs fd bu jksxksa esa ,d egRoiw.kZ fo—fr vokafNr vkSj Ø‚fud bU¶yses'ku ekuh xbZ gSA pqdanj ds vkS"k/kh; xq.k ân;jksx esa mi;ksxh & pqdanj jäpki de djrk gSA gkVZvVsd vkSj LVªksd ds tkf[ke dk de djrk gSA pqdanj esa ukbVªsV~l gksrs gSa] tks 'kjhj esa ukbfVªd v‚DlkbM esa ifjofrZr gks tkrs gSa vkSj jäokfgdkvksa dks Mk;ysV djrs gSa vkSj jäpki de djrs gSA pqdanj esa ekStwn iksVsf'k;e LVªksd ls cpkus esa enn djrk gSA pqdanj ds chVklk;fuu ,y-Mh-,y- d‚ysLVsjksy dks v‚DlhMkbt gksus ds jksdrs gS] ftlls /kefu;ksa dh fHkfÙk;ksa esa QSV~l tek ugha gks ikrs gSa vkSj gkVZ vVsd vkSj LVªksd dk tksf[ke de gksrk gSA gkseksflLVªhu jäokfgdkvksa dks {kfrxzLr djrk gS vkSj chVsu 'kjhj esa gkseksflLVªhu ds Lrj dks de djrk gSA
  • 4. 4|P ag e Mk;fcVht esa lg;ksxh & pqdanj esa QSV~l fcydqy ugha gksrs vkSj dSyksjh Hkh de gksrh gSA bldk Xyk;lhfed baMsDl 64 ¼tks ehfM;e ekuk tkrk gS½ vkSj Xyk;lhfed yksM cgqr de 2-9 gksrk gS] ftldk eryc gS fd blds dkscksZgkbMªsV cgqr /khjs Xywdkst esa ifjofrZr gksrs gSa vkSj bl rjg ;g fldanj jä'kdZjk ds Lrj dks fLFkj j[krk gSA ;—r dk j{kd & pqdanj esa fo|eku chVklk;fuu fufoZ"khdj.k ;k 'kjhj ds V‚fDlUl dk mRltZu ¼Detox½ djus esa ;—r dh cgqr lgk;rk djrs gSaA chVklk;fuu jax rRo ¼Pigment½ 'kjhj dh Qst&2 fMV‚DlhfQds'ku çfØ;k dks çksRlkfgr djrs gSaA Qst&2 ,d p;kip; fØ;k gS ftlesa XywVkFkk;ksu&,l&VªkalQjst ,atkbe ra= V‚fDlUl dks fuf"Ø; vkSj ?kqyu'khy cuk dj 'kjhj ls folftZr djus esa lgk;rk djrk gSA blfy, pqdanj loksZÙke fMV‚Dl Hkkstu gSA dSalj dk Hk{kd & pqdanj Y;wdhfe;k vkSj dSalj ;g ;—r] xqnkZ] fiÙkk'k;] jä vkSj fyEQ dk 'kks/ku ,aVhv‚DlhMsaV vkSj ,aVh&bU¶ysesVªh rRo gksrs gSa] tks dSalj Mh-,u-,- E;wVs'ku dks ckf/kr djrs gSaA blesa ,d chVsu uke ds mipkj esa cgqr çHkko'kkyh ik;k x;k gSA djrk gSA pqdanj esa chVkysu çtkfr ds dksf'kdkvksa dk Hk{k.k djrs gSaA chVklk;fuu dk dSaljjks/kh ,ekbuks ,flM gksrk gSA foLdksflu ekfMlu fo'ofo|ky; ds vuqla/kkudrkZvksa us vius 'kks/k esa ;g ik;k gS fd pqdanj esa fo|eku yky jax dk rRo 'kjhj esa fo'ks"k rjg ds çksVhUl dk Lrj c<+krk gS] ftUgsa Qst II ,atkbe dgrs gSaA ;s ,atkbEl dSalj iSnk djus okys V‚fDlUl dks fuf"Ø; djds foltZu djrs gSaA ¼tjuy v‚Q ,xzhdYpjy ,.M QwM dSfeLVªh½ lu~ 1950 ls lksek g‚LihVy] gaxjh ds M‚- Qsjsath flQZ pqdanj ls dSalj dk mipkj djrs vk jgs gSaA os pqdanj ds vykok dqN Hkh ç;ksx ugha djrs gSaA chVsu yk;s [kqf'k;ksa dh c;kj & pqdanj esa csVsu vkSj fVªIVksQsu uked Qhy xqM rRo gksrs gSa tks 'kjhj esa lhjksVksfuu rRo dk lzko Hkh c<+krs gSa vkSj eu dks 'kkar vkSj çlUu djrs gSa] fMçs'ku nwj djrs gSa vkSj ewM ,yhosVj dk dke djrs gSaA cksjksu yk;s ;kSou dh cgkj & pqdanj esa cksjksu uked rRo i;kZIr ek=k esa gksrk gS] tks lh/kk ySafxd gkeksZUl dk fuekZ.k c<+krk gSA blfy, bls çk—frd dkeksíhid dgk tkrk gSA dbZ yksx bls çk—frd fo;kxzk ekurs gSaA jkseu lkezkT; esa bldk T;wl dkeksíhid æO; ekuk tkrk FkkA iksEisbZ esa fLFkr çkphu dky ds fo[;kr oS';ky; Y;wiukjs dh nhokjksa ij yxs fp=ksa esa pqdanj dks dkeksíhid ds :i esa fn[kk;k x;k gSA vU; ç;ksx & blesa fo|eku foVkfeu&lh vLFkek ls cpko djrk gSA chVkdsjksVhu eksfr;kfcan vkSj esD;wyj Mhtujs'ku ls cpk dj j[krk gSA pqdanj esa ekStwn Qkbcj dCth esa ykHk igqapkrs gSaA LokLF; ds lkFk gh ;g Ropk ds fy, Hkh cgqr mi;ksxh gSA pqdanj ds jl dks FkksM+s ls fljds esa feykdj flj esa yxkus ls ;g :lh dks nwj djrk gSA pqdanj dk ç;ksx VekVj ds isLV] l‚l] MstVZ~l] tSe] tsyh] vkblØhe vkSj feBkbZ esa jax æO; ds :i esa ç;ksx fd;k tkrk gSA pqdanj esa flfydk uked [kfut gksrk gS tks 'kjhj esa dSfY'k;e dh mi;ksfxrk dks c<+krk gS] ftlls gfì;ka LoLFk vkSj etcr curh gSaA vkSj v‚fLV;ksiksjksfll ls cpkrk gSA pqdanj esa Qksfyd ,flM gksrk
  • 5. 5|P ag e gS] tks Hkzw.k dh Likbuy dksMZ ds fodkl ds fy, cgqr vko';d gksrk gSA vkSj tUetkr fodkj Likbuk ckbfQMk ls cpkrk gSA lko/kkfu;ka • bldk T;wl ges'kk fdlh vU; lCth ;k Qy tSls xktj] lsc] vteksn vkfn ds T;wl esa feykdj ihuk pkfg;sA [kkyh pqdanj dk T;wl ihus ls oksdy dksMZ esa {kf.kd rdyhQ gks ldrh gSA • dbZ ckj pqdanj [kkus ls yky jax dk is'kkc vk ldrk gSA bls fcVwfj;k dgrs gSaA ysfdu ;g fgespwfj;k ugha gS vkSj fpark dk fo"k; Hkh ugha gSA ;g lkekU; ?kVuk gS vkSj FkksM+h nsj ckn Lor% lQsn ew= vkus yxrk gSA ;g jälzko ugha gSA • blds iÙkksa esa v‚XtsysV gksrk gS] ;fn 'kjhj esa bldh ek=k vf/kd gksus ij ;g fØLVykbt gks ldrk gSA blfy, iFkjh ds jksfx;ksa dks bldh ifÙk;ka ugha [kkuk pkfg;sA

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