Could we organize things a bit better?<br />
The overall objective of this Human Anatomy course is to gain an integrated understanding of the spatial and functional re...
In anatomy we try to see beyond mere superficialities<br />
Our goal in this course is to see the outside and the inside of others<br />
“Human organs were so well constructed, and in such perfect relation to their function(s), that both the form and structur...
The body is a fabric, a piece of workmanship in which the parts must be fitted into the system as a whole.<br />Andreas Ve...
Leonardo da Vinci, 1452-1519 AD<br />
“Anatomy” is the study of the body’s structure<br />“Physiology” is the study of the function of the body’s structures<br ...
“Microscopic anatomy” is the study of structures too small to see with normal vision.  It includes “cytology”, which is th...
We will take a “systemic approach” to human anatomy (e.g. digestive system, skeletal system, etc.)<br />
A “regional approach” to human anatomy studies just one area.  This is particularly useful in dealing with local trauma.<b...
Gun shot wound (GSW) to upper right abdomen.  Note powder deposits.<br />
Localized trauma caused by a kitchen knife<br />
We are not happy if our cells are not happy.<br />
Specialized cells carry out specific functions for the whole organism.<br />
Tissues are layers or aggregations of similar cells that perform specific functions.<br />
An organ (such as the heart) is two or more tissues (such as nervous, muscular, and connective) integrated to perform a pa...
The body’s tissues and organs are organized into systems (such as the digestive system).  All of the systems are interrela...
Because of their complex level of organization, humans are capable of metabolism, growth, responsiveness, homeostasis (reg...
The language of human anatomy is very exact and descriptive.  Don’t just memorize the words, but learn the meanings of the...
Manubrium<br />Gladiolus<br />Xiphoid<br />
Roman short sword (gladius)<br />The Greeks called a sword like this a xiphos.<br />
The anatomical position.  All terms of direction are made in reference to a persons standing in anterior view.<br />Latera...
Coronal (frontal) plane<br />
Coronal plane<br />
Transverse (horizontal or cross-sectional) plane.<br />
Directional terms<br />
Directional terms<br />
Dorsal fin<br />
IN THE ANATOMIC POSITION, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS MOST LATERAL?<br />A	XIPHOID<br />B	THUMBS<br />C	NIPPLES<br />D	ROOF ...
Body regions<br />
Head (caput) consists of the cranial region, that protects and supports the brain, and the facial region, which includes t...
Neck (cervical region) supports the head<br />
Trunk (torso).  Note mammary region (the breasts contain mammary glands) of chest (thorax)<br />
Chest (thorax).  Note sternal region located medial to breasts in this male, and pectoral region.<br />
Chest (thorax).  Note armpit (axillary region).<br />
Chest (thorax).  Note vertebral region.<br />
Note navel (umbilicus) located in anterior midline of abdominal region<br />
Cullen’s sign<br />
Pelvic region of female<br />
Male and female perineum<br />
Lumbar region<br />Sacral region<br />
Intramuscular injection<br />
Deltoid region<br />
Intramuscular injection<br />
Brachium<br />
Dorsum of manus<br />Antebrachium<br />
Puncture of vein in antecubital fossa for removal of blood or for the addition of medications<br />
Wrist, located between antebrachium and manus<br />
Anterior view of hand (manus)<br />
WHAT DO YOU CALL THE STRUCTURES FOUND ON THE DORSAL SURFACE OF THE DISTAL PORTION OF THE UPPER EXTREMITIES?<br />A	TEETH<b...
Lower extremity<br />
Lower leg (crural region)<br />
Ankle and foot<br />
Inferior surface of the foot is called the plantar surface<br />
Plantar surface of a black bear<br />
A bear is a plantigrade animal (describes walking on plantar surface)<br />
Plantar warts<br />
Toes (digits)<br />
Achondroplastic dwarf<br />(note: you have an article that relates to this condition)<br />
IN PERSONS WHO HAVE ACHONDROPLASIA, WHERE IS THE ILLIZAROV APPARATUS APPLIED ACCORDING TO YOUR ASSIGNED READING?<br />A	AB...
The posterior body cavity contains the brain and spinal cord<br />
Contents of thoracic (chest) cavity.<br />
Mediastinum is shown in green, blue, and yellow<br />
Parietal peritoneum (a serous membrane)<br />
Serous membranes<br />Retroperitoneal organs<br />Midsagittal section<br />
Peritoneal lavage to detect trauma to abdominal organs<br />
Peritoneal lavage<br />
Figure 01.10<br />
Where does it hurt?<br />
WHAT ORGAN LOCATED IN THE UPPER LEFT ABDOMINAL QUADRANT WILL OFTEN HEMORRHAGE UNCONTROLLABLY FOLLOWING BLUNT ABDOMINAL TRA...
Cardiac computed tomography (CT) of coronary arteries<br />Ascending aorta<br />Heart<br />
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01 A First Look At Anatomy 2009

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Introduction to gross anatomy, body regions, and anatomical terminology. Includes body cavities and associated membranes.

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01 A First Look At Anatomy 2009

  1. 1. Could we organize things a bit better?<br />
  2. 2. The overall objective of this Human Anatomy course is to gain an integrated understanding of the spatial and functional relationships of body systems and to know correct anatomical terminology for all body systems. <br />
  3. 3. In anatomy we try to see beyond mere superficialities<br />
  4. 4. Our goal in this course is to see the outside and the inside of others<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
  9. 9. “Human organs were so well constructed, and in such perfect relation to their function(s), that both the form and structure of all organs were justified by their destiny”<br />Galen 129-200 BC<br />
  10. 10. The body is a fabric, a piece of workmanship in which the parts must be fitted into the system as a whole.<br />Andreas Vesalius, 1514-1564 AD<br />
  11. 11. Leonardo da Vinci, 1452-1519 AD<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16. “Anatomy” is the study of the body’s structure<br />“Physiology” is the study of the function of the body’s structures<br />Physiology focuses especially on cellular processes<br />In this class we focus on gross anatomy<br />
  17. 17. “Microscopic anatomy” is the study of structures too small to see with normal vision. It includes “cytology”, which is the study of cells, and “histology”, which is the study of tissues.<br />“Gross anatomy” investigates the large body parts visible to the naked eye.<br />
  18. 18. We will take a “systemic approach” to human anatomy (e.g. digestive system, skeletal system, etc.)<br />
  19. 19. A “regional approach” to human anatomy studies just one area. This is particularly useful in dealing with local trauma.<br />Left nipple<br />Close range .44 caliber handgun wound. <br />
  20. 20. Gun shot wound (GSW) to upper right abdomen. Note powder deposits.<br />
  21. 21. Localized trauma caused by a kitchen knife<br />
  22. 22. We are not happy if our cells are not happy.<br />
  23. 23. Specialized cells carry out specific functions for the whole organism.<br />
  24. 24. Tissues are layers or aggregations of similar cells that perform specific functions.<br />
  25. 25. An organ (such as the heart) is two or more tissues (such as nervous, muscular, and connective) integrated to perform a particular function (such as pumping blood).<br />
  26. 26. The body’s tissues and organs are organized into systems (such as the digestive system). All of the systems are interrelated, constituting the total organism<br />
  27. 27. Because of their complex level of organization, humans are capable of metabolism, growth, responsiveness, homeostasis (regulation of internal environment), and reproduction.<br />
  28. 28. The language of human anatomy is very exact and descriptive. Don’t just memorize the words, but learn the meanings of the words.<br />
  29. 29. Manubrium<br />Gladiolus<br />Xiphoid<br />
  30. 30. Roman short sword (gladius)<br />The Greeks called a sword like this a xiphos.<br />
  31. 31. The anatomical position. All terms of direction are made in reference to a persons standing in anterior view.<br />Lateral view<br />Anterior view<br />
  32. 32.
  33. 33. Coronal (frontal) plane<br />
  34. 34. Coronal plane<br />
  35. 35. Transverse (horizontal or cross-sectional) plane.<br />
  36. 36.
  37. 37.
  38. 38.
  39. 39. Directional terms<br />
  40. 40. Directional terms<br />
  41. 41. Dorsal fin<br />
  42. 42. IN THE ANATOMIC POSITION, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS MOST LATERAL?<br />A XIPHOID<br />B THUMBS<br />C NIPPLES<br />D ROOF OF SKULL<br />E EARS<br />
  43. 43. Body regions<br />
  44. 44. Head (caput) consists of the cranial region, that protects and supports the brain, and the facial region, which includes the eyes, nose, and mouth.<br />
  45. 45. Neck (cervical region) supports the head<br />
  46. 46. Trunk (torso). Note mammary region (the breasts contain mammary glands) of chest (thorax)<br />
  47. 47. Chest (thorax). Note sternal region located medial to breasts in this male, and pectoral region.<br />
  48. 48. Chest (thorax). Note armpit (axillary region).<br />
  49. 49. Chest (thorax). Note vertebral region.<br />
  50. 50.
  51. 51. Note navel (umbilicus) located in anterior midline of abdominal region<br />
  52. 52. Cullen’s sign<br />
  53. 53. Pelvic region of female<br />
  54. 54. Male and female perineum<br />
  55. 55.
  56. 56. Lumbar region<br />Sacral region<br />
  57. 57.
  58. 58. Intramuscular injection<br />
  59. 59. Deltoid region<br />
  60. 60. Intramuscular injection<br />
  61. 61. Brachium<br />
  62. 62. Dorsum of manus<br />Antebrachium<br />
  63. 63.
  64. 64. Puncture of vein in antecubital fossa for removal of blood or for the addition of medications<br />
  65. 65. Wrist, located between antebrachium and manus<br />
  66. 66. Anterior view of hand (manus)<br />
  67. 67. WHAT DO YOU CALL THE STRUCTURES FOUND ON THE DORSAL SURFACE OF THE DISTAL PORTION OF THE UPPER EXTREMITIES?<br />A TEETH<br />B SOLES<br />C LIPS<br />D NAILS<br />E FINGERPRINTS<br />
  68. 68. Lower extremity<br />
  69. 69.
  70. 70.
  71. 71.
  72. 72. Lower leg (crural region)<br />
  73. 73. Ankle and foot<br />
  74. 74. Inferior surface of the foot is called the plantar surface<br />
  75. 75. Plantar surface of a black bear<br />
  76. 76. A bear is a plantigrade animal (describes walking on plantar surface)<br />
  77. 77. Plantar warts<br />
  78. 78. Toes (digits)<br />
  79. 79. Achondroplastic dwarf<br />(note: you have an article that relates to this condition)<br />
  80. 80. IN PERSONS WHO HAVE ACHONDROPLASIA, WHERE IS THE ILLIZAROV APPARATUS APPLIED ACCORDING TO YOUR ASSIGNED READING?<br />A ABOVE OR BELOW THE POPLITEAL FOSSA<br />B CERVICAL REGION<br />C LUMBAR REGION<br />D INFERIOR TO THE PLANTAR SURFACE<br />E JUST INSIDE THE NATAL CLEFT AND GRADUALLY ADJUSTED<br />
  81. 81. The posterior body cavity contains the brain and spinal cord<br />
  82. 82.
  83. 83.
  84. 84. Contents of thoracic (chest) cavity.<br />
  85. 85. Mediastinum is shown in green, blue, and yellow<br />
  86. 86.
  87. 87.
  88. 88.
  89. 89. Parietal peritoneum (a serous membrane)<br />
  90. 90.
  91. 91. Serous membranes<br />Retroperitoneal organs<br />Midsagittal section<br />
  92. 92. Peritoneal lavage to detect trauma to abdominal organs<br />
  93. 93. Peritoneal lavage<br />
  94. 94. Figure 01.10<br />
  95. 95.
  96. 96. Where does it hurt?<br />
  97. 97. WHAT ORGAN LOCATED IN THE UPPER LEFT ABDOMINAL QUADRANT WILL OFTEN HEMORRHAGE UNCONTROLLABLY FOLLOWING BLUNT ABDOMINAL TRAUMA?<br />A STOMACH<br />B OVARY<br />C APPENDIX<br />D GALLBLADDER<br />E SPLEEN<br />
  98. 98.
  99. 99.
  100. 100. Cardiac computed tomography (CT) of coronary arteries<br />Ascending aorta<br />Heart<br />

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