Introduction   Aspiluki Gathering 2009
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Introduction Aspiluki Gathering 2009

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Introduction   Aspiluki Gathering 2009 Introduction Aspiluki Gathering 2009 Presentation Transcript

  • ASPILUKI Vision
    • Developing national software industry to be competitive in the global market
    • Strategy
    • Accelerating the growth of new business in software development, both in quality and quantity.
    • Develop the creation of a conducive local market environment
  • Link up with Key Universities To generate Required Employees Select key places for Incubators/ Entrepreneur Clusters Venture Capital Firms specializing in Technology/Internet Alliance with Global IT Products To “WEBIFY” Local Industries Leverage Skills From local Industries to Global Market Bring-in more Programming Works for Local Software Industries Broaden Products Capabilities/Software Skills base More financing Capabilities, More local start-up Achieve enough Economies of scale to Build own product Select & focus on key Software/ Internet Industries
    • SOFTWARE INDUSTRY FOCUS STRATEGIES :
    • SUPPORT LOCAL INDUSTRY
    • BUILD UP EXPERTISE ON CERTAIN
    • GLOBAL PRODUCTS
    • USE THIS EXPERTISE FOR BOTH LOCAL
    • MARKET AND GLOBAL MARKET
    Building Blocks of Software/ Internet Industry Indonesia Start Here
  • Software industry cluster
  • Peta Pengembang Software Indonesia
    • Masih kurang dari 10% dari anggota yang menggarap pasar aplikasi ‘mass market package software’
      • Mudah dan maraknya pembajakan
      • Apresiasi terhadap nilai software
    • Mayoritas mengembangkan aplikasi bisnis, dalam bentuk ‘enterprise solution’ ataupun ‘professional software service’.
    • Keterbatasan inovasi dan kreativitas karena faktor kompensasi yang dipengaruhi oleh penegakan HAKI
  • Indikasi Lokasi Klaster : : Sumut, Sumbar, DKI , Banten, Jabar, Jateng, Jatim, Bali, Kalsel, Kaltim dan Sulsel : Sumut Sumut Kalbar Kalbar Sulut Sulut Sulsel Sulsel Jakarta Jabar Batam PENGEMBANGAN KLASTER TELEMATIKA Surabaya Makasar Sumut Sumbar Banten Jateng Bali Kalsel Kaltim
  • Role of industry sector Market & Industry SW & IT Service ISV SW Vendor Asosiasi Government
    • Policy & regulations
    • IT utilization
    • Physical infrastructure
    • Human resource
    Other Org
  • SDM Infrastruktur Kebijakan Pemanfaatan fisik & hukum Development Strategy PENDIDIKAN FORMAL DAN INFORMAL TIK KEMAMPUAN INDUSTRI LOKAL IMPOR INDUSTRY PENGEMBANGAN SDM PERKOTAAN PUSAT FASILITASI PENGEMBANGAN INDUSTRI TIK EKSPOR TIK PEMERINTAHAN PENGEMBANGAN SDM PERDESAAN PENGEMBANGAN PASAR MODAL TASK FORCE TIK NASIONAL TIK PERKOTAAN TIK PERDESAAN SDM UNTUK BERSAING DI PASAR GLOBAL PERCEPATAN PEMBANGUNAN TELEKOMUNIKASI INVESTASI TERBUKA INDUSTRI TIK
  • Indonesia – IT Market 2007 2008 YTY 2009 Software 88 113 28% 114 Hardware 2166 2425 11.9% 2668 IT Services 492 564 14.6% 635 Total 2979 3366 13% 3736 Source: IDC, BMI Indonesia USD 3.7B India USD >20B USA USD >400B
  • History
    • India
      • Started Sending Programmers to Client Sites in mid-1970’s
      • Y2K Problem Addressed in 1990’s by India in India
      • CMM Certification Wise Part of Strategy
      • Develops 1% of All World’s Software (but Owns Almost None)
      • Now Growing at 20-25%/year
      • Many US Multi-Nationals Opening Own Offices in India
      • Salaries Escalating Rapidly
    • China
      • Started Much Later; No Formal SW Education Before 2001
      • Current University SW Education Highly Theoretical
      • Highly Segmented, So Difficult to Accept Huge Contracts
      • Primarily Focused on Own Emerging Chinese Market
      • Salaries Still Very Low
      • Manufacturing Strength May Drive Embedded SW Business
  • Indonesian Opportunities & Challenges: Education
    • India
      • Producing 350,000 New Engineers/Year
      • Production Growing at 6%/Year
      • But Only Top Tier Schools Are Producing Top Tier Students
      • Few/No Research Opportunities (Nothing to Foster Creativity)
      • Huge Classes Diminish Quality
    • China
      • Producing 600,000 New Engineers/Year
      • Production Growing at 6%/Year
      • Rote Learning (heavily Government regulated)
      • Heavily Standard Exam-Based (Nothing to Foster Creativity)
      • Lots of Research Concentration (and Government Funding; Fosters Creativity)
    • USA
      • Producing 70,000 New Engineers/Year
      • Production Steady
      • Lots of Research Opportunities (Creativity Fostering) x
    * Extracted from Globalization and Outsourcing of Software , ACM.org.
  • Indonesian Opportunities & Challenges: Education
    • Indonesia*
      • Student Production? 35,000 per year
      • Need to Emphasize Changing Nature of IT
        • Not Teach One Way to Do Anything
        • Teach History/Present(as just a snapshot)/Trends
      • Need to Educate for Global Market
        • Global Business Dynamics
        • Cross-Cultural Emphasis
      • Need to Foster Creativity and Innovation
        • Encourage Faculty and Students to Conduct Research
        • Reduce Teaching Loads of Selected Faculty
      • Need to Combine Business and Technology
        • Fundamental Flaw in USA and Most Countries! x
    * Adapted from Globalization and Outsourcing of Software , ACM.org.
  • Indonesian Opportunities & Challenges: Kind of Work
    • India
      • Programming, Testing, and Maintenance
      • SW Architecture, Design, PM, IT Consulting
      • IT Enabled Services
      • Call Centers and Telemarketing
    • China
      • Manufacturing
    • South Korea
      • Robotics
    • Philippines & Mexico
      • Bi-Lingual Call Centers (English/Spanish)
    • Israel
      • Security and Cryptography and Anti-Virus Software
    • Czech Republic and Canada
      • Proximity to Customers (Germany and USA)
    • Indonesia
      • Which Are Most Desirable?
      • Which Are Achievable?
      • Which Should Indonesia Target?
      • What Are Indonesia’s Strengths/Weaknesses/Opportunities/Threats?
  • Primary Flows of Outsourced IT Work Japan Australia Note this does not show sales of application software, where USA is #1 and Japan is #2 in exports USA Eastern Europe China India S. Korea S. America Western Europe Francophone Africa
  • Infrastructure
    • India
      • 1991 – Complete Deregulation of Telecommunications – opened door to low-cost broadband
      • Otherwise, Indian Infrastructure (Roads, Airlines, Water, Sanitation, Building Standards) Fairly Weak
    • China
      • Roads Terrific
      • Legal System Still Backward
      • Everything Still Heavily Regulated (but Making Strides)
    • Indonesia
      • What Are Indonesia’s Strengths/Weaknesses/Opportunities/Threats?
  • Foreign Direct Investments
    • India
      • 1970’s – New Laws Limited Foreign Ownership; Many Multi-National Companies Left
      • 1991 – Economic Crisis Caused New Laws Encouraging Foreign Investments
    • China
      • 1992 – Removed Laws Restricting Private Ownership
      • 2005-2007 – Hundreds of Add’l Laws Removed
    • Indonesia
      • What Are Indonesia’s Strengths/Weaknesses/Opportunities/Threats?
  • Taxation
    • India
      • 1981 – New Laws Created Tax-Free Zones for Software (and Manufacturing)
      • 1993 – New Laws Created Tax-Free Zones for all Science and Technology Parks
      • 2005 – New Laws Making Most Software Companies Tax-Free
    • Indonesia
      • What Are Indonesia’s Strengths/Weaknesses/Opportunities/Threats?
  • Intellectual Property
    • China
      • Major Piracy Problems Still Unchecked
    • Indonesia
      • What Are Indonesia’s Strengths/Weaknesses/Opportunities/Threats?
  • Komoditisasi Software Nilai Waktu Infrastruktur Perangkat Pengembangan Platform Aplikasi Aplikasi Umum Aplikasi Enterprise Aplikasi Vertikal Aplikasi Vertikal Aplikasi Enterprise Aplikasi Umum Platform Aplikasi Perangkat Pengembangan Infrastruktur OSS (IGOS) Mayoritas Anggota ASPILUKI
  • Tren perkembangan software
    • Akibat ‘convergence’ antara IT & Telekomunikasi
    • & gerakan software bebas
    • Software menjadi komoditas
    • Peluang menjual software sebagai services
      • Model Bisnis
      • Ketersediaan infrastruktur fisik
      • ‘ Shared services’
    • Pengembangan berbasis komunitas
      • OSS: Open Source Software
  • Konsep ASP Agregator Infrastruktur yang ada saat ini di pengguna jasa Aplikasi2 berbasis web Yang dibuat sendiri ASPs Intranet In - house ASP Agregator ASP Agregator Penyedia2 jasa IT Managed services Managed hosting Colocation services IT management platform Katalog aplikasi Support Services
  • Summary
    • To develop national software industry requires consistent building blocks supported buy all parties including global players
    • There are four pilars for development:
      • Human resource
      • Physical infrastructure
      • Policy & regulation
      • IT utilization
    • Indonesia unique strength for the new development trend such as SaaS and Cloud Computing