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  • 1. ZEETEX Workshop – January 2014 Mikaël Laurent www.cedre.fr 715, rue Alain Colas - CS 41836 - 29218 BREST CEDEX 2 FRANCE Tél. : +33 2 98 33 10 10 - Fax : +33 2 98 44 91 38 contact@cedre.fr All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. Oil spill response and textile use
  • 2. All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. Presentation outline – Cedre introduction – Main uses for textiles during an oil spill – Cedre input – Principles of French organization – French market
  • 3. Cedre All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. Centre of Documentation, Research and Experimentation on Accidental Water Pollution  Since 1979  Status : non-profit-making association  Location : head office in Brest - 1 delegate in Caribbean and 1 for the Mediterranean Sea  Staff: about 50 people - Budget 2013 : 4.7 M€
  • 4. Cedre Accidental water pollution: response preparedness and operations, technical expertise, assistance for the authorities  Scope: Sea and inland waters. Oil and chemicals. In France and abroad.  Activities: 24-hour advisory service, contingency planning, training, information documentation, research, pollutant behaviour studies, ecotoxicity, equipment and product testing All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited.  Tools: Man-made beach, seawater basin, laboratory, flume tank (‘polludrome’) for simulation of weathering in the environment, experimentation greenhouse for testing contamination of living organisms…
  • 5. Oil spill : main uses for textiles All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. 1 -- Contain oil / protect sensitives sites 2 – Collect oil 3 – Cleaning
  • 6. Booming : oil containment or protection of sensitive sites All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. Means : floating boom (PVC, PU, neoprene, hypalon, blend, etc.) Limits (and possible needs) : strength, efficiency in current, marine behaviour , only surface protection
  • 7. All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. Main boom failure More details at Cedre operational guide “Manufactured spill response booms” Download at : www.cedre.fr/en/publication
  • 8. Nets : Protection of sensitive sites All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. Means : net, textile Limits (and possible needs) : sheltered areas, shallow water, waste treatment
  • 9. Oil containment Specific case of in-situ burning All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. Means : fire boom (fire proof material or water cooled) Limits (and possible needs) : strength, efficiency in current, marine behaviour, fire deterioration
  • 10. Trawling : oil collect at sea Viscous oil, tar balls All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. Means : net, trawl, different sizes Limits (and possible needs) : only highly viscous oil, extrusion leak, clogging effect , waste management
  • 11. Nets : oil collect on the shore line Viscous oil, tar balls All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. Means : net catching tar balls in the surf area. Many materials used depending on oil type and exposure Limits (and possible needs) : only viscous oil, efficiency, waste management.
  • 12. Sorbents : oil collect in small quantities All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. Means : sorbents made of oleophilic material and water repellent (PP, PE) Limits (and possible needs) : mainly single use, low viscosity, small quantities of oil
  • 13. Storage of collected oil All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. Means : storage tanks, floating or on land, many sizes Limits (and possible needs) : complete unloading and cleaning HNS compatibility, towing strenght ,
  • 14. Shore line cleaning All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. Means : mainly geotextiles to protect and sorbents to filter Limits (and possible needs) : efficiency, single use, waste management
  • 15. Cedre inputs / textile • Technical advise All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. • Feed back from end users through contacts and partners (from our response Dpt., training, contingency planning, tests, etc.) • Standard tests or tailored experimentations, eg.  Sorbent : efficiency measurment  Booms : max strenght and marine behaviour  Nets : measure of viscosity threshold before extrusion • Call for tenders : tests to validate specifications achievement • Specific study in 2014 about shore line tar balls catching with nets and oil in water filtering with textile : to be continued
  • 16. Principles of French organization All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. • Response is organized in two parts: Sea and Shoreline / Land •Prestige, 2002, source Cedre
  • 17. Organisation at sea • Under the responsibility of the “Maritime Prefect” in charge of all civilian and military actions All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. • 3 maritime Prefect : North Sea/Manche, Atlantic, Mediterranean sea – – – – – Traffic control and surveillance (MRCC) Emergency assistance Pollution detection and surveillance Response at sea Contingency planning… • Dedicated stockpiles for at sea response equipment : CEPPOL www.ceppol.fr
  • 18. Organization on land Three levels: 1/ Minor spill : municipalities (Mayor) All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. 2/ Major spill (several municipalities) : department (Prefect) 3/ Exceptional spill (several departments): regional civil defense area (7) 13 Dedicated stockpiles for on land response equipment : CEREMA (Polmar unit) polmar.cetmef.developpement-durable.gouv.fr
  • 19. Spill response equipment market • Strong specificity of this market : high demand level during oil spills and low level between them. • French government : All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. ! – During oil spill : priority orders to referenced suppliers (in the frame of anticipated markets, including geotextiles and nets). Renewal of this anticipated market for North of France ongoing : survey call for tenders in BOAMP (www.boamp.fr) and JOUE (ted.europa.eu) – During “peace time” : call for tenders according to specificiations and tests results. Renewal of existing stockpiles (ex : 53 km of boom in land stockpiles + 20 km in sea stockpiles) • Others customers : – – – – cooperative stockpiles (FOST, OSRL,CCA, ACS, CGA, etc.) Industrials : EDF, Total, etc. Fire brigades, municipalities French syndicate of oil spill response equipment and services : SYCOPOL
  • 20. All rights reserved Cedre, distribution and reproduction prohibited. Thank you