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Integrated smart surveillance systems for rail-based mass transportation
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Integrated smart surveillance systems for rail-based mass transportation

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In this paper, we present the architecture and the main functionalities of an innovative security system and its installation details in the Metrocampania undeground railway. Heterogeneous intrusion ...

In this paper, we present the architecture and the main functionalities of an innovative security system and its installation details in the Metrocampania undeground railway. Heterogeneous intrusion detection, access control, intelligent video-surveillance and sound detection devices are integrated in a cohesive Security Management System (SMS). The core of the SMS consists of an advanced web-based software application featuring an effective and user-friendly interface. System architecture is distributed and hierarchical, with both local and central control rooms collecting alarms according to different scopes and responsibilities. The system is able to protect stations (accesses, technical rooms, platforms, etc.), tunnels (portals, ventilation shafts, etc.), trains and depots. Presently, the system is being tested in the Metrocampania regional railway.

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  • Good morning ladies and gentlemen, my name is Francesco Flammini and I work as a System Engineer in the Innovation unit of Ansaldo STS. I am going to present the new security system developed by Ansaldo STS and installed in the Metrocampania regional railway.

Integrated smart surveillance systems for rail-based mass transportation Integrated smart surveillance systems for rail-based mass transportation Document Transcript

  • Integrated smart surveillance systems for rail-based mass transportation Joint UITP- Francesco Flammini CUTA Ansaldo STS Italy International francesco.flammini@ansaldo-sts.com Security Giuseppe Racioppi Conference MetroCampania NordEst g.racioppi@mcne.it 11-12 Nov 2009 Metro railway critical assets PLATFORMS / PUBLIC AREAS TRAIN ON-BOARD TUNNELS VULNERABILITIES EXTERNAL AREAS TECHNICAL AND CONTROL ROOMS VENTILATION SHAFTS / EMERGENCY EXITS ELECTRICAL SUBSTATIONS 1
  • Goals of the security system ABNORMAL BEHAVIORS TERRORISM THREATS Monitoring and protection of infrastructures, users and personnel against: THEFTS VANDALISM es: ntag RISK REDUCTION adva ect The nt eff rre - dete ffect ssu ring e - rea ect tecti ve eff t R= P V D - pro effec zing ation s onali estig - rati to inv - su pport Metrocampania Nordest line description PISCINOLA - AVERSA CENTRO regional railway Aversa C. Aversa Ipp. MAIN FEATURES 11 km completely underground Giugliano 5 “museum” stations (to be extended) on 3 levels, containing many valuable pieces of contemporary art APRIL 24th 2009 Mugnano 200 technical rooms 2 electrical substations Piscinola 4 emergency exits 12 forced ventilation shafts 4 natural ventilation grills 2
  • Security Management System architecture Emergency/SOS Calls Central SMS Public Address • GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION • MULTI-LEVEL HIERARCHY IMAGES/ALARMS COMMANDS LOCAL SMS1 LOCAL SMSN … Intelligent Intelligent Sound Intelligent Intelligent Sound Video Surveillance Detection Video Surveillance Detection Intrusion Detection/ Intrusion Detection/ Access Control Access Control Innovative technologies High level of integration Redundancy to increase resiliency and detection reliability Intelligent video-surveillance FEATURES - Extensive coverage of areas normally not watched by CCTV - Face detection at the turnstiles using very high resolution cameras - Videoanalytics significantly improves effectiveness, providing alarms for: - unattended object - yellow line crossing (platform) - loitering (near toilets, elevators, etc.) - person in area (e.g. tunnel portals) - camera blinding DEVICES - ≈ 500 high-resolution cameras (Day/Night, Megapixel, IR, PTZ) - 60 Digital Video Recorders in redundant configurations - 5 videoanalytics blade-servers 3
  • Intelligent sound detection FEATURES - Active in all internal public areas, except track area - Recognizes abnormal events which videoanalytics is not able to detect - Only detection, no recording (no privacy concern) - Learning-based detection of: - screams - glass break - gunshots/explotions DEVICES - 80 high sensitivity microphones - 10 audioanalytics servers Intrusion Detection / Access Control FEATURES - Access control based on proximity badge readers on all doors of technical/control rooms - Multi-technology ventilation grill protection (magnetic contacts, vibration detection cables, triple technology volumetric detectors) - Tunnel portal protection by active IR barriers DEVICES - 250 proximity badge readers - 200 volumetric detectors - 40 vibration detection cables - 20 active infrared barriers 4
  • Tunnel portal intrusion detection & tracking PTZ camera The combined usage of active Intelligent IR and video-analytics IR cameras improves: TRAIN DETECTION (reduction of false alarms) INTRUSION DETECTION (increase in detection probability) Multiple active IR Furthermore, the PTZ camera barriers allows to track an intruder. Communication network IP TUNNEL CAMERAS CENTRAL SMS FIREWALL FIBER OPTICS Switch L3 REDUNDANT RING Switch L 3 Switch L3 STATION SMS ON-BOARD IP 10 Gbps CAMERAS UTP Switch L2 Switch L2 Switch L2 Switch L2 Switch L2 Switch L2 REMOTE SERVICE ACCESS LINE SITE 5
  • Security Management System application Cohesive user-friendly interface for managing alarms, video streams and remote commands Animated graphical maps showing the status of all the security devices (sensors, cameras, etc.) Automatic selection of video streams and activation of PA in case of alarms (e.g. intrusions) Management of the emergency procedures with step-by-step operations monitoring Single report for all the events (alarms and user actions) Security control rooms CENTRAL CONTROL ROOMS One post for the Surveillance Operator supporting the Traffic Manager in the Operations Control Center (OCC) Two posts for central security operators (surveillance) and administrators (configuration and video/log download) LOCAL CONTROL ROOMS One post for the station security operator 6
  • Conclusions and future works • A real-time demonstration of the SMS has been performed for the first time on the 9th of May during the technical visit of the ASSTRA’09 conference • The Metrocampania SMS system is currently working on a temporary post, but it will be fully operational as soon as the central security control room will be available (currently under construction) • Intelligent sound detection showed very high reliability, since it is not conditioned by the number of passengers and it also learned ordinary noises like PA ringtones • Videoanalytics is undergoing extensive on-the-field testing to raise the Probability Of Detection (POD) while lowering the False Alarm Rate (FAR) • For other projects, integration of CBRNE (Chemical Bacteriological Radiological Nuclear Explosive) detectors and WSN (Wireless Sensor Networks) technologies is in progress • On-going research on early warning and decision support to improve situational awareness (to be integrated in the SMS) Flammini, F., Gaglione, A., Mazzocca, N., Moscato, V., Pragliola, C.: On-line integration and reasoning of multi-sensor data to enhance infrastructure surveillance. In: Journal of Information Assurance and Security (JIAS), Vol. 4, Issue 2, 2009: pp. 183-191 Thank you for your kind attention. 7