Reinforcement (Behavioral Learning)

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Reinforcement as rooted from behavioral learning theories.

Reinforcement as rooted from behavioral learning theories.

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  • 1. POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT NEGATIVE REINFORCEMENT
  • 2. - Anything that increase the behavior - is a consequence of upleasant behavior that decreases the likelihood of repetition.
  • 3. Teaches new behaviors Increases or decreases the frequency with which previously learned behaviors are carried out Can encourage previously forbidden behavior Can increase or decrease similar behaviors.
  • 4. • Skinner, B. F. (1938). The Behavior of Organisms: An Experimental Analysis. New York: Appleton-Century. • McLeod, S. A. (2007). B.F. Skinner | Operant Conditioning - Simply Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/operant- conditioning.html • Kanazawa, S. (2010). Common Misconceptions about Science VI: "Negative Reinforcement." Psychology Today. Retrieved from http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/the-scientific- fundamentalist/201001/common-misconceptions-about-science-vi- negative-reinforcement • Positive reinforcement: A proactive intervention in the classroom. The University of Minnesota. www.cehd.umn.edu/ceed/publications/tipsheets/preschoolbehaviorti psheets/posrein.pdf