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    Andres bonifacio Andres bonifacio Presentation Transcript

    • Student Name: Aubrey Joyce B. Coronico Grade & Section: IV – Love Teacher: Mrs.. Fetalco
    • Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro (Andres Bonifacio)
    • Andrés Bonifacio y de Castro (Andres Bonifacio)  He was a Filipino nationalist and revolutionary.  He is often called "the father of the Philippine Revolution".
    •  He was a founder and later Supremo ("supreme leader") of the Katipunan movement which sought the independence of thePhilippines from Spanish colonial rule and started the Philippine Revolution.  He is considered a de facto national hero of the Philippines  and is also considered by some Filipino historians to be the first President, but officially he is not recognized as such.
    • Early Life and Family Background  Born on November 30, 1863 in Tondo, Manila.  Died on May 10, 1897 (aged 33) in Maragondon, Cavite.  He was the eldest child among the siblings.  His sibling were Ciriaco, Procopio, Troadio, Esperidiona, and Maxima.
    •  His father Santiago Bonifacio was a tailor who served as a teniente mayor of Tondo, Manila, a local politician and a boatman who operated a river-ferry  His mother, Catalina de Castro, was a mestiza born of a Spanish father and a Filipino-Chinese mother who worked at a cigarette-rolling factory.  His parents worked extremely hard to support him and his five younger siblings, but in 1881 Catalina caught tuberculosis (“consumption”) and died. The following year, Santiago also became ill and passed away.
    • Work and Education  He studied under Guillermo Osmeña, who taught him basic arithmetic, writing in Tagalog, and basic Spanish.  He dropped out of school when he became orphaned at the age of 14 in order to support his siblings.  He sold canes and paper fans he made himself and made posters for business firms.  He worked as a messenger(clerk/messenger) for the local parish choir.  Later on he worked for the British trading company J.M. Fleming & Co. as a broker or salesman for local raw materials such as tar and rattan.
    •  He later moved to the German firm Fressell & Co., where he worked as a bodeguero or warehouseman.  He was also a part-time actor who performed in moro- moro plays.  Desspite not finishing his normal education, Bonifacio was self-educated.  He read books about • the French Revolution • biographies of the Presidents of the United States • contemporary Philippine penal and civil codes
    •  and novels such as • Victor Hugo„s Les Misérables • Eugène Sue's Le Juif errant • José Rizal's Noli Me Tángere and El Filibusterismo  Aside from Tagalog and Spanish, he could speak a little English, which he learned while working at J.M. Fleming and Co.
    • Married Life  He was married twice: • First wife (1880~1890): Monica came from the Palomar Neighborhood of Bacoor, who died young of leprosy. • Second wife (1893~1897): Gregoria de Jesús (Aling Oriang) of Caloocan. They married when Bonifacio was 29 and Gregoria was just 18, in 1893. They had one son named Andrés who died of smallpox in infancy.
    • Andres and Gregoria
    •  In 1892 he joined Rizal's La Liga Filipina, an organization which called for political reforms in Spain`s colonial government of the Philippines.
    • The Katipunan  A Philippine revolutionary society founded by anti-Spanish Filipinos on July 7, 1892. Kataastaasang, Kagalanggalang, Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK)
    •  W ith his two friends Ladislao Diwa and Teodoro Plata, he formed the first triangle of a secret society which bore the initials K.K.K. • Kataastaasang Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan • ("Highest and Most Respected Society of the Children of the Country").  Katipunan was a secret organization until its discovery in 1896 that led to the outbreak of Philippine Revolution.  W ithin the society Bonifacio used the pseudonym May pag-asa ("There is Hope").
    •  For a time, Bonifacio worked with both the Katipunan and La Liga Filipina.  From Manila, the Katipunan expanded into several provinces, including Batangas, Laguna, Cavite, Bulacan, Pampanga, and Nueva Ecija.  Most of its members, called Katipuneros, came from the lower and middle classes, with many of its local leaders being prominent figures in their municipalities.
    •  A t first exclusively male, membership was later extended to females, with Bonifacio's wife Gregoria de Jesús as a leading member.  He was a member and eventually head of the Katipunan Supreme Council.  He developed a strong friendship with Emilio Jacinto who served as his adviser and confidant, as well as a member of the Supreme Council.  He wrote several pieces for the paper, including the poem Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupà (roughly, "Love for the homeland”) under the pseudonym Agapito Bagumbayan.
    •  He wrote “Mga Katungkulang Gagawin ng Anak ng Z. LL. B.” (The Decalogue)  The publication of Kalayaan in March 1896 led to a great increase in membership.  Bonifacio, Jacinto and Pio Valenzuela collaborated on the society's organ Kalayaan (Freedom), which had only one printed issue.  The Katipunan spread throughout Luzon, to Panay in the Visayas and even as far as Mindanao.From less than 300 members in January 1896, it had about 30,000 to 40,000 by August.
    • The Katipunan had three aims:  Political → it wanted to free the Philippines from Spain, by force of arms if necessary. Its members, called Katipuneros, were taught to make and use weapons.  Moral → teaching of good manners, hygiene, good morals, and attacking dogmatism, religious fanaticism, and weakness of character. The Katipunan saw all men, rich or poor, as equals.  Civic aim → the Katipuneros were taught to care for one another in times of sickness and need. The society took care of its sick. If a member died, the Katipunan helped to pay the cost of a simple funeral.
    • Death of Bonifacio  A party of Aguinaldo's men led by Agapito Bonzón and José Ignacio Paua met with Bonifacio at his camp in Indang. Unaware of the order for his arrest, Bonifacio received them cordially. The next day, Bonzón and Paua attacked Bonifacio's camp. Bonifacio did not fight back and ordered his men to hold their fire, though shots were nevertheless exchanged. In the crossfire, Bonifacio was shot in the arm, and Paua stabbed him in the neck and was prevented from striking further by one of Bonifacio's men, who offered to be killed instead. A brother, Ciriaco, was shot dead, while his other brother Procopio was beaten senseless, and his wife Gregoria may have been raped by Bonzón.
    •  Bonifacio's party was brought to Naic, where he and Procopio stood trial on charges of sedition and treason against Aguinaldo's government and conspiracy to murder Aguinaldo. The jury was composed entirely of Aguinaldo's men and even Bonifacio's defence lawyer himself declared his client's guilt. Bonifacio was barred from confronting the state witness for the charge of conspiracy to murder on the grounds that the latter had been killed in battle, but after the trial the witness was seen alive with the prosecutors.
    •  The Bonifacio brothers were found guilty despite insufficient evidence and recommended to be executed. Aguinaldo commuted the sentence to deportation on 8 May 1897, but Pío del Pilar and Mariano Noriél, both former supporters of Bonifacio, persuaded him to withdraw the order for the sake of preserving unity. In this they were seconded by Mamerto Natividád and other bona fidesupporters of Aguinaldo.  The Bonifacio brothers were shot or executed on 10 May 1897 in the mountains of Maragondon and buried in a shallow grave marked only by a few twigs and leaves.
    •  Apolinario Mabini wrote that Bonifacio's death demoralized many rebels from Manila, Laguna and Batangas who had come to help those in Cavite, and caused them to quit. In other areas, some of Bonifacio's associates like Emilio Jacinto never subjected their military commands to Aguinaldo's authority.
    • Bonifacio as a Hero  Andrés Bonifacio, along with José Rizal, is one of only two implied national heroes of the Philippines.  Bonifacio and Rizal are given the implied recognition of being national heroes because they both have national holidays in their honor: Bonifacio Day on November 30, and Rizal Day on December 30.
    • Andres Bonifacio Monument in Caloocan City
    • Andres Bonifacio Monument in the City of Manila
    • Notable Contributions to the World of Colonial Literature  Bonifacio wrote poetry, and was a moro-moro actor - very typical of great communicators.  Bonifacio was probably one of the greatest motivational writers and speakers of his generation.  Using his native language, Bonifacio wrote with full passion and compassion.  Bonifacio also wrote about how the Filipinos were tortured by the Spaniards.
    • Interesting Facts  Bonifacio kept himself busy with other productive endeavors.  He became a member of a Tagalog dramatic society, both as an actor and organizer of plays.  In 1887, he and his friends established the Teatro Porvenir and staged moro-moros in Tondo.  Bonifacio was also a freemason and a member of the Taliba Lodge.
    • Poems and Works  Katapusang Hibik Ng Pilipinas (The Last Appeal of the Philippines)  Pag-ibig Sa Tinubuang Lupa  Tapunan ng Lingap  Ang mga Cazadores  Huling Paalam ni Dr. Jose Rizal (Salin ng Mi Ultimo Adios ni Gat Andres Bonifacio)  The Decalogue, a ten-point addressed to “sons of the country” and how they should behave
    • The Decalogue I. Love God with all thine heart. II. Bear always in mind that the love of God is also the love of Country, and this, too, is love of one's fellow-men. III. Engrave in thy heart that the true measure of honor and happiness is to die for the freedom of thy country. IV. All thy good wishes will be crowned with success if thou has serenity, constancy, reason, and faith in all thy acts and endeavor.
    • V. Guard the mandates and aims of the K.K.K. as thou guardest thine honor. VI. It is the duty of all to deliver, at the risk of their own lives and wealth, anyone whose life is in danger because of some noble cause. VII. Our responsibility to ourselves and the performance of our duties will be the example set for our countrymen to follow. VIII. Insofar as it is within thy power, share thy means with the poor and the unfortunate.
    • IX. Diligence in the work that gives sustenance to thee is the true basis of love -- love for thine own self, for thine wife and children, for thine brothers and countrymen. X. Punish any scoundrel and traitor and praise all good work. Believe, likewise, that the aims of the K.K.K. are God-given, for the will of the people is also the will of God.