Name: Gallardo D.Subject: English didacticsTeacher: Correa R.
Summary In this reaction paper will be analised four texts about thf first language acquisitionand the second language learning. The first one is called “Second language acquisitionand second language learning, chapter 5 , from Stephen D Krashen, Freeman´s chapter 1and 2, and First and second language learning from V. J. Cook. What Krashen wants to express is that findings on first language influence on secondlanguage performance are quite consistent with findings and hypotheses from otherapparently nonrelated areas, and that they contribute to a clear theoretical picture ofsecond language acquisition and performance. Cook´s text presents the factors that are involved in the L1 an L2 learning, statingthat the use of the fisrt language goes hand in hand with the child´s interests, that thelearning of a first language has many sides and is not simply a matter of learning syntaxand vocabulary, for example. The first Freeman´s text presents the first language acquisition from the verybeginning, when the children starts babbling. Freeman presents how Beahaviourism ispresent at the beginning and how the Environment is important because of theinteraction and the social settings that the children is sorrounded by and helps him todevelop his communication. The second Freeman´s text shows how the second language is acquired, by writting,reading, etc, and shows the diferents factors involved in the learning process, theneurological factors, cognitive factors, affective factors and the fossilization. Also itpresents two views of language development. On is the that language is learned and thesecond on is that language is acquired.
Evaluation In Krashen´s text is presented an idea from Wode (1978, 1979) wich suggest that:“there is a structural prerequisite for first language influence: the performer´sinterlinguistic structural description, his idea of the target language rule, must be similarto the structural description of the rule in his first language”. I completely agree withthis idea because during my period of practice at school, I have seen that the studentstend to form the sentences with englsh words but with the order that they use in theirfirst language wich is spanish, using the structural description of the rule in his firstlanguage. Cook`s text also present an interesting idea wich says that the child´s use andlearning of language is partly determined by mental capacity. I think this is a correctidea because as Cook says “mental capacity is used to refer to all internal psychologicalprocess, including those of attention, organisation and memory”. I think this isimportant beacause if I´m going to be a teacher I need to know if my hole class islearning at the time I give the lessons, or if there are students which have a smallermental capacity with the ones I have to work harder, finding solutions to help them tolearn. Freeman´s chapter 1 text presents the idea of behavoiurism. As it says“Behabiorists held that all learning, including language learning happened as a processof stimulus and response and the children´s language learning begins when the childproduces a sound and a parent or other caregiver reinforces that action positively”. Itcan be seen constantly whit parents wich have little children. Sometimes childrem makethings and the parents congrats them and sometimes the children learn to do things byanswering what their parents do or tell to them.
Finally,from the second Freeman´s text I would like to highlight is the two views oflanguage development. The first is that language is learned and it says that: “ teacherswho hold learning view break language into its component parts and teach themdirectly”. And the second view is tha language is acquired, and it says that: “ teacherswho hold an acquisition view attempt to make written and oral languagecomprehensible”. I strongly think that we pay attention to this two views of languagedevelopment we are going to be able to teach to everyone having success. References
Second Language Learning and Language Teaching, 3ed ViVian Cook 2011http://homepage.ntlworld.com/vivian.c/Writings/Papers/L1&L21979.htm Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Learning (1981) Stephen DKrashenUniversity of Southern California