Reaction Paper“L1 and L2 language learning” Gerardo Valdivia Zavalla Didáctica del inglés
Summary Cook’s paper (2011) is a comparison between L1 and L2 language learning, thedifferent factors and the differences that can be considered in an educational context in theacquisition of a first and second language, the paper expresses an overall position, statingsimilarities between L1 and L2 learning. The paper presents eight statements which put theattention to the setting of the learning, specially the context; the motivations that the learner,in order to acquire a new language; the mental capacity of the learner; the adaptation oflanguage in particular situations and in the interaction of child with peers. Freeman (2004) suggests some views of first language acquisition focused on thechild, according to Rice (2002) the model of language development should be focus on thechildren needs and what motivates them ; on the environment, because the language alwaysoccurs in a context and what people say depends on the context; and on the language,Chomsky (1968) stated that language is innate in children, he and other linguists argued that“it is the best way to account for the fact that nearly all humans develop the ability to use avery complex linguistic system in a short time” . In the second chapter Krashen (1981)believes that the learning in schools is not really acquired, students just learn the form;Social factors, motivations, attitude and cultural shocks explain the rate in acquisition of alanguage; moreover, children appear to be better L2 because adults are expected to learn alanguage and use it correctly, but children have more time to acquire it (Schumann, 1975,1978).
Evaluation The Author’s presentation was well done and prepared. Cook’s eight statementsgave examples to explain in a better way the meaning of the statements and how L1 and L2have similarities acquiring a language. His reasoning was clear and supported by othersauthors. In freeman’s chapters one and two the information was well delivered to thereader. The quality of the reasoning was right, the evidence, examples and citations of otherauthors were good and explicative. On one hand, the arguments were supported by thenecessary evidence, sometimes when the evidence was not clear the author clear it up byexamples. On the other hand when in some points the answers were not conclusive becauseof the lack of research they stated that clearly. The arguments were persuasive, since they were supported by some researches andresearchers which rapidly persuade the reader. When there was lack or no researches at allon a specific topic the authors explained that there were certain evidence but that in anycase it meant a certain prove. In the topic that people have motivations, attitudes and cultural issues to learn asecond language, it would be really important to research about why they think that andfigure out how to change that feeling in order to improve the attitude and motivationstowards the English acquisition. Teachers have a really important role in the acquiring of a new language, in how tomake students understand the importance of knowing their first language or mother tonguebecause that gives them the background knowledge of the component of the languages suchas nouns and verbs. For instance to L2 learners, this it gives them more tools to acquire thelanguage because they know their own grammar and syntax, etc. A mind changing was that it is believed that people should learn a language, butthe fact is that they should acquire it, not just learn it and not using it, it is important thatteacher make students to use the language in real context not just in the school. By usingthe language, this it is being acquiring. In conclusion, L1 and L2 have similarities in acquiring a language; the argumentson texts were conclusive and understandable. Motivation has an important role in theacquisition of a language. Teachers also have a role of importance in changing themotivation for students to learn a language and that L2 learners have advantages acquiringa language because they know the rules of their own language.
ReferenceChomsky, N. (1968). Language and the Mind.Freeman, D., & Y. (2004). First Language Acquisition. In D. Freeman, & Yvonne,Essential linguistics, What you need to know to teach reading, ESL, Spelling, Phonetics,Grammar. Heinemann.Freeman, D., & Y. (2004). Written and Second Language Acquisition. In D. Freeman, &Yvonne, Essential linguistics, What you need to know to teach reading, ESL, Spelling,Phonetics, Grammar. Heinemann.Krashen, S. (1981). Second language acquisition. Second Language Learning.Rice, K. G., & Dellwo, J. P. (2002). Perfectionism and Self‐Development: Implications forCollege Adjustment. Journal of Counseling & Development,80(2), 188-196.Schumann, J. H. (1975). Affective factors and the problem of age in second languageacquisition. Language learning, 25(2), 209-235.Schumann, J. H. (1978). Social and psychological factors in second languageacquisition. Understanding second and foreign language learning, 163, 78.