Chapter ObjectivesClick the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.• Describe why Lincoln issued th...
Why It MattersThe Civil War–a war in which Americansfought other Americans–transformed the UnitedStates. It shattered the ...
The Impact TodayClick the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.Key events during this era still s...
Guide to ReadingClick the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.The Civil War provided opportuniti...
Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.Emancipation• The North’s original war goal was to...
Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.Emancipation (cont.)• As the war went on, many Nor...
Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.Emancipation (cont.)• Lincoln decided to take acti...
Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.Emancipation (cont.)• There were several effects o...
Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.Emancipation (cont.)(pages 473–476)- Because Brita...
Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.African Americans in the War• African Americans he...
Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.African Americans in the War (cont.)• In 1862 Afri...
Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.African Americans in the War (cont.)• African Amer...
Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.African Americans in the War (cont.)• The 54th Mas...
Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.African Americans in the War (cont.)• African Amer...
Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.African Americans in the War (cont.)• People had d...
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16 3 pp

  1. 1. Chapter ObjectivesClick the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.• Describe why Lincoln issued the EmancipationProclamation. • Understand the role that African Americans playedin the Civil War.Section 3: A Call for Freedom
  2. 2. Why It MattersThe Civil War–a war in which Americansfought other Americans–transformed the UnitedStates. It shattered the economyof the South while contributing to the rapideconomic growth of the North and the West.African Americans gained freedom whenslavery was abolished, but the war left a legacyof bitterness between North and South thatlasted for generations.
  3. 3. The Impact TodayClick the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.Key events during this era still shape our livestoday. For example: • The institution of slavery was abolished. • The war established the power of thefederal government over the states.
  4. 4. Guide to ReadingClick the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.The Civil War provided opportunities for AfricanAmericans to contribute to the war effort. • emancipate Main IdeaKey Terms• ratify
  5. 5. Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.Emancipation• The North’s original war goal was to preservethe Union rather than to destroy slavery. • Lincoln and other Republican leaders hadstated they would act only to prevent theexpansion of slavery. • Lincoln was hesitant to move against slaverybecause of the border states. • He did not want to divide the people and makethe war less popular.(pages 473–476)
  6. 6. Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.Emancipation (cont.)• As the war went on, many Northerners thoughtthat slavery was helping the war effort in theSouth. • Anything that weakened slavery weakened theConfederacy in the North’s view. • In 1861 and 1862, Congress passed laws thatfreed enslaved people who were held by peopleactive in the rebellion against the Union. • Some African Americans escaped slavery bygoing into territory held by the Union army.(pages 473–476)
  7. 7. Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.Emancipation (cont.)• Lincoln decided to take action on slavery. • He thought that as president he shouldbe the one to make the decision to end slavery,not Congress. • On January 1, 1863, Lincoln signed theEmancipation Proclamation. It said that “allpersons held as slaves within any state . . . inrebellion against the United States, shall bethen, thenceforward,and forever free.”(pages 473–476)
  8. 8. Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.Emancipation (cont.)• There were several effects of the proclamation:(pages 473–476)- It did not actually free anyone. The ThirteenthAmendment, ratified by Congress in 1865, trulyfreed enslaved Americans. - Lincoln hoped that word of the proclamation wouldencourage enslaved people to run away. Before theEmancipation Proclamation, about 100,000 AfricanAmericans left for the safety of the Union.
  9. 9. Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.Emancipation (cont.)(pages 473–476)- Because Britain and France opposed slavery, theydecided to withhold recognition of the Confederacy.- Northern African Americans were pleased by thedecree. 
  10. 10. Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.African Americans in the War• African Americans helped the war effortin the North and South. (pages 476–477)• In the North, African Americans werenot permitted to serve as soldiers at thebeginning of the war. However, the Unionnavy accepted them. • Others, such as Harriet Tubman of theUnderground Railroad, were able to help theNorth as spies or guides behind Confederatelines.
  11. 11. Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.African Americans in the War (cont.)• In 1862 African Americans were allowed toserve in the Union army. • Both free African Americans and those whoescaped slavery enlisted. • By the end of the war, African Americanvolunteers made up almost 10 percent of theUnion army and 18 percent of the navy. • About 200,000 African Americans served and37,000 died defending the Union.(pages 476–477)
  12. 12. Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.African Americans in the War (cont.)• African American regiments were separatefrom the rest of the Union army. • Most command officers were white. • After protest about unequal pay, AfricanAmerican and white soldiers received thesame pay in 1864.(pages 476–477)
  13. 13. Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.African Americans in the War (cont.)• The 54th Massachusetts led by whiteabolitionists was one of the most famousAfrican American regiments. • Their bravery in a battle against a Confederatefort near Charleston, South Carolina, in July1863 won respect for African Americantroops.(pages 476–477)
  14. 14. Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.African Americans in the War (cont.)• African Americans did not serve in theConfederate military at first because whiteSoutherners were afraid of a slave rebellion. • Near the end of the war, though, theConfederacy needed men. • The Confederate Congress passed a law in 1865to enlist enslaved people. • The law did not include automatic freedom justbecause the men served as soldiers. • The war ended before any regiments wereorganized. (pages 476–477)
  15. 15. Click the mouse button or press theSpace Bar to display the information.African Americans in the War (cont.)• People had different attitudes toward AfricanAmericans as soldiers. • Lincoln’s opponents criticized the useof African American soldiers. • Many white Southerners were also outragedand threatened to execute any they captured anddid execute some. • Enslaved workers were overjoyed to seeAfrican American soldiers in the Union army.(pages 476–477)
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