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This presentation is for Chapter 16 section 2.

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16 2 pp

  1. 1. Chapter ObjectivesSection 2: Early Years of the War• Identify Northern and Southern successes and failures in the early years of the war. • Explain how the North’s naval blockade hurt the South. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  2. 2. Why It MattersThe Civil War–a war in which Americansfought other Americans–transformed the UnitedStates. It shattered the economyof the South while contributing to the rapideconomic growth of the North and the West.African Americans gained freedom whenslavery was abolished, but the war left a legacyof bitterness between North and South thatlasted for generations.
  3. 3. The Impact TodayKey events during this era still shape our livestoday. For example: • The institution of slavery was abolished. • The war established the power of the federal government over the states. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  4. 4. Guide to ReadingMain IdeaNeither the Union nor the Confederate forces gaineda strong advantage during the early years of the war.Key Terms• blockade runner • ironclad • casualty Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  5. 5. First Battle of Bull Run• The first major battle of the Civil War was called the First Battle of Bull Run. • It was fought in northern Virginia near a river called Bull Run. • The Confederates were victorious. • Union troops attacked Confederate forces led by General P.G.T. Beauregard. • Next, the Rebels rallied under General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson’s reinforcement troops and counterattacked the Yankees. (pages 466–467) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  6. 6. First Battle of Bull Run (cont.)• Then, the Union army retreated back to Washington, D.C., first in an orderly fashion and then in a panic. • The Confederate victory shocked the North. • Northerners realized that the war could be a long, hard, and costly one. • Abraham Lincoln signed two bills requesting a total of one million army volunteers to serve for three years. • He also appointed General George B. McClellan to head the Union army of the East called the Army of the Potomac. (pages 466–467) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  7. 7. War in the East• The war in the East was not as successful for the Union. • The Union’s goal of capturing the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, was never met. • The Southern strategy of making the North tired of fighting seemed to be working.  - General McClellan did not act promptly on Lincoln’s orders to advance directly to Richmond. (pages 469–472) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  8. 8. War in the East (cont.)• Richmond was never captured, and the Confederates were only 20 miles away from Washington, D.C.  - McClellan’s army was pushed back, but it was larger than Lee’s and still close to Richmond.  - When McClellan did not renew his attack toward Richmond, Lincoln ordered him to Northern Virginia to join Major General John Pope’s troops. (pages 469–472) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  9. 9. War in the East (cont.) - Stonewall Jackson’s troops met Lee’s army and were attacked by Pope’s troops on August 29 at Bull Run.  - The Second Battle of Bull Run was won by the Confederacy. (pages 469–472) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  10. 10. War in the East (cont.)• Another major battle, the Battle of Antietam, occurred on September 17. • Both armies suffered severe losses, but neither was destroyed. • General Lee withdrew to Virginia, so the Union claimed victory. • Additionally Lincoln used the battle to change Northern war aims and take action against slavery. (pages 469–472) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  11. 11. War in the East (cont.) - Lee’s army marched into Maryland in September 1862, and McClellan with his 80,000 troops moved slowly after them.  - After a McClellan soldier found a copy of Lee’s orders, McClellan knew Lee’s plans, but because he was so cautious and acted so slowly, Lee was able to gather his forces along the Antietam Creek.  - September 17, the bloodiest day of the war, saw close to 6,000 soldiers dead or dying and another 17,000 seriously wounded. (pages 469–472) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  12. 12. War in the East (cont.) - The next day Lee withdrew.  - When McClellan refused to obey Lincoln’s order to pursue Lee, Lincoln replaced McClellan with General Ambrose Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac. (pages 469–472) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.

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