Chapter 5 Angioplasty PTCA by Francine King
<ul><li>Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA)  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is performed to open blocked ...
PTCA Procedure  .  A special catheter (long hollow tube) is inserted into the coronary artery to be treated  . This cathet...
<ul><li>PTCA Procedure  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The inflation of the  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>b...
<ul><li>PTCA Procedure  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The use of fluoroscopy (a special type of x-ray that obtains real- t...
<ul><li>PTCA Procedure – Stent Placement  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is a procedure used in PTCA  </li></ul></ul></ul><...
.  <ul><li>  PTCA Risks of the Procedure  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bleeding at the catheter insertion site (usually g...
<ul><li>PTCA Risks of the Procedure (cont.)  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Infection at the catheter insertion site  </li>...
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chapter 5 angioplasty

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chapter 5 angioplasty

  1. 1. Chapter 5 Angioplasty PTCA by Francine King
  2. 2. <ul><li>Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is performed to open blocked or narrowed </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>coronary arteries caused by coronary artery disease (CAD) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and to restore arterial </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>blood flow to the heart </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>tissue without open </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>heart surgery </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. PTCA Procedure . A special catheter (long hollow tube) is inserted into the coronary artery to be treated . This catheter has a tiny balloon as its tip. . The balloon is inflated once the catheter has been placed into the narrowed area of the coronary artery.
  4. 4. <ul><li>PTCA Procedure </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The inflation of the </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>balloon compresses </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the fatty tissue in </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the artery and </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>makes a larger </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>opening inside the </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>artery for improved blood flow </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>PTCA Procedure </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The use of fluoroscopy (a special type of x-ray that obtains real- time </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>moving images) assists the </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>physician in the location of </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>blockages in the coronary </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>arteries as the contrast dye </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>moves through the arteries </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>PTCA Procedure – Stent Placement </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is a procedure used in PTCA </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A tiny, expandable </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>metal coil (stent) is </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>inserted into the newly </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>opened area of the </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>artery to help keep the </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>artery from narrowing or closing again. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. . <ul><li> PTCA Risks of the Procedure </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bleeding at the catheter insertion site (usually groin) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blood clots or damage to the blood vessels at the insertion site </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blood clot within the vessel treated by PTCA/stent </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>PTCA Risks of the Procedure (cont.) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Infection at the catheter insertion site </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cardiac arrhythmia (abnormal heart rhythm) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Myocardial infarction </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chest pain or discomfort </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rupture of the coronary artery </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
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