VELVET REVOLUTION - SPAIN

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PPT made for the spanish students about Velvet revolution in Prague in 1989

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VELVET REVOLUTION - SPAIN

  1. 1. Velvet Revolution (Violence Free Revolution) By Héctor Naranjo, Sofía Victoria, Alexis Martínez, Núria Martín and Aleix Lardín
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Czechoslovakia before and after The World War II: </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>After World War II, the USSR and the USA distributed their influence on the European countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Czechoslovakia belonged to the URSS area so it was a communist country. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Prague Spring   <ul><li>On January 1968 , Alexander Dubcek was elected the First Secretary of Commnunist Party of Czechoslovakia. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>He tried to introduce some reforms but, the Soviet Union and members of the Warsaw Pact,invaded the country to halt the refoms </li></ul>
  6. 6. Charter 77 (Charta 77) <ul><li>In 1977 Václav Havel, Jan Patócka, Zdenék Mlynár, Jirí Hájek and Pavel Kohout wrote a document criticizing to the government </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Six leaders of this support group, including Václav Havel, were tried for subversion and sentenced to prison terms of up to five years. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>In the 1980s, people in Czechoslovakia knew on the fall of the Soviet socialism and the falls of diets in next countries through the radio </li></ul>
  9. 9. Velvet Revolution <ul><li>On November 17th 1989, the communist party intervened against the students which were demonstrating. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Velvet Revolution <ul><li>In protest of the brutal communist party behavoiur, people started more demonstrations. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Velvet Revolution <ul><li>From this demonstrations the communist party lost power. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Velvet Revolution <ul><li>The strike in 1989 made the communist party resign of his total power in Czechoslovakia. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Velvet Revolution <ul><ul><li>The first elections were called in 1989. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Václav Havel won them </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Velvet Revolution <ul><li>Later, in 1993, there was a nationalist movement . </li></ul><ul><li>It ended with the independence of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Velvet Revolution <ul><li>Václav Havel became, the first president of the Czech Republic </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The Czech Republic is now  </li></ul><ul><li>a multiparty parliamentary democracy </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>President Václav Klaus is the current head of state. </li></ul><ul><li>The Prime Minister (currently Jan Fischer) is the head of government. </li></ul><ul><li>The Parliament has two chambers — the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Czech Republic’s government <ul><li>The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. </li></ul>

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