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Creamy layer & poverty line

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    Creamy layer & poverty line Creamy layer & poverty line Presentation Transcript

    • Creamy Layer Description of category To whom rule of exclusion will apply I. Constitutional Posts Sons and daughter(s) of – (a) President of India; (b) Vice-President of India; (c) Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Courts; (d) Chairman and Members of UPSC and of the State Public Service Commission; Chief Election Commissioner; Comptroller and Auditor-General of India; (e) Persons holding constitutional positions of like nature. II. Service Category A. Group ‘A’/Class I Officers of the All India Central and State Services (Direct Recruits) Son(s) and daughter(s) of – (a) parents, both of whom are Class I officers; (b) parents, either of whom is a Class I officer; c) parents, both of whom are Class I officers, but one of them dies or suffers permanent incapacitation; (d) parents, either of whom is a Class I officer and such parents dies or suffers permanent incapacitation and before such death or such incapacitation has had the benefit of employment in any International Organisation like UN, IMF, World bank, etc., for a period of not less than 5 years; (e) parents, both of whom are Class I officers die or suffer permanent incapacitation and before such death or such incapacitation of the both either of them has had the benefit of employment in any International Organisation like UN, IMF, World Bank, etc. for a period of not less than 5 years; Provided that the rule of exclusion shall not apply in the following cases :- (a) Sons and daughters of parents either of whom or both of whom are Class I officers and such parent(s) dies/die or suffer permanent incapacitation; (b) A lady belonging to OBC category has got married to a Class I officer, and may herself like to apply for job. B. Group ‘B’/Class II Officers of the Central and Son(s) and daughter(s) of – State Services (Direct Recruitment) (a) parents, both of whom are Class II officers; (b) parents of whom only the husband is a Class II officer and he gets into Class I at the age of 40 or earlier; (c) parents, both of whom are Class II officers and one of them dies or suffers permanent incapacitation and either one of them has had the benefit of employment in any International Organisation UN, IMF, World Bank, etc., for a period of not less than 5 years before such death or permanent incapacitation; (d) parents of whom the husband is a Class I officer (direct recruitment or pre- forty promoted) and the wife is a Class II officer and the wife dies; or suffers permanent incapacitation; and (e) Parents, of whom the wife is a Class I officer (Direct Recruit or pre-forty
    • TOP What is "Creamy Layer criteria The Government of India has evolved the criteria for exclusion of certain socially advanced persons/sections from the benefits of reservation available to OBCs in civil posts and services under the Government of India and this is called the "Creamy Layer criteria". What is the Cycle of Poverty? The cycle of poverty has been described as a phenomenon where poor families become trapped in poverty for generations. Because they have no or limited access to critical resources, such as education and financial services, subsequent generations are also impoverished. Due to the many root causes of poverty and the complexity with how poverty is measured and defined (read this article on absolute versus relative poverty), there are multiple cycles of poverty—based on, among other things, economic, social, spiritual and geographical factors. Many cycles overlap or perpetuate new cycles and therefore any attempt to depict the cycle of poverty will be far more simplistic than realistic. A key goal of the Sea to Sea project is, through its partners, to fund new and existing poverty-reduction initiatives that inject positive change into a poverty cycle with the intent of breaking the cycle for the individual, family or community benefiting from that initiative. For instance, Figure 1.0 below shows—in very simplistic terms—how a cycle of poverty related to hunger keeps a person or household poor in one of the world's developing countries.
    • Figure 1.0 Figures 1.1 and 1.2 show examples of how to break this cycle of poverty.
    • Fig. 1.1
    • Fig. 1.2 In most cases, the cycle of poverty is systemic in nature, meaning action needs to be taken to combat the root causes of poverty. For instance, the reduction or cancellation of the national debt for the world's poorest countries will have a potentially dramatic effect on those nations' economies. They can, in turn, spend money on government-funded education for instance, rather than interest payments on a debt they will ultimately never repay. Also, one cycle of poverty can expand or develop into another. A country's slow economy, and consequently a family's low income, not only means a lack of access to food and safe water (Fig. 1.0), but also means limited or no funds for sending their children to school (Fig. 2.0).
    • Fig. 2.0 To break this cycle of poverty, Sea to Sea partners will, for example, work with farmers to teach them new agriculture techniques (Fig. 2.1). At the same time, they can work within families and communities to set up micro-credit loans (Fig. 1.1), offer training on civil rights and human rights, educate leaders to ensure programs are meeting the physical and spiritual needs of those in poverty, and more. POVERTY LINE Standard family income threshold (set by each state and revised occasionally) below which the family is officially classified as poor and entitled to welfare assistance.
    • Fig. 2.1