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  1. 1. Stereotyping = Negative Discourse <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children are &quot;lazy&quot; and &quot;defiant.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Families &quot;don't care&quot; and &quot;don't value education.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The above often lead to tracking, expulsion, and other forms of 'social stigmatization and exclusion.' </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Contemporary popular culture in the United States rarely represents the poor in ways that display integrity and dignity.  Instead the poor are portrayed through negative stereotypes.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>(hooks, 1994) </li></ul>
  2. 2. Accountability in Schools Often Leads to Stereotyping <ul><li>What does accountability mean? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People are reduced to numbers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers disappointed when new or returning migratory students show up before &quot;testing.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Teachers concerned these students will bring down test scores. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Norm-referenced tests create bell curves that correspond with class distinctions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>'We must celebrate these children and respect the local knowledge of their communities in order to combat the stereotypes brought on by accountability.' </li></ul>
  3. 3. Residential Stereotyping <ul><ul><li>Urban communities = cultural and social deprivation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor children are approached in schools as if they don't think as abstractly as their middle class counterparts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;You're from the south side.  You're ghetto.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One teacher education program dissuaded its students to search in affluent communities for jobs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local knowledge is not tapped into. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Narrow perspectives cause stereotyping. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society does not treat &quot;people in the  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>         minority&quot; with respect. </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><li>Educate &quot;those who don't know&quot; about the world and how it </li></ul><ul><li>effects them, through their own experiences. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Contradicting Stereotypes! <ul><ul><li>Must educate teachers and students to be aware of stereotyping. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching to think broadly and thoughtfully about serious intellectual and ethical issues, such as misrepresentations of neighborhoods. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Getting ALL students involved in critical literacy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Studying the particularities of ones own 'locale' will give leverage against impoverished and  impoverishing stereotypes and educational practices. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Stereotyping Activity 1: The Rag Coat <ul><li>Students must be taught: ( </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When we use images of people, events or issues to make broad generalizations, it is harmful and called &quot; stereotyping .&quot;  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What we own, where we live, or how we look on the outside do not indicate the kind of person we are. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>                                     </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Come up with an ending to the story.  It </li></ul></ul><ul><li>may be positive or negative, and should  </li></ul><ul><li>include prejudice and discrimination. (Use </li></ul><ul><li>the 5 Step &quot;how to&quot; model to help you.) </li></ul><ul><li>2.  Identify prejudice attitudes, and/0r  </li></ul><ul><li>acts of discrimination in each others' endings. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Stereotyping Activity 2: Combating Media Influenced Stereotyping <ul><li>Read the following scenario: </li></ul><ul><li>A young Native American child was watching Saturday morning television.  In passing the mother noticed she was watching a western.  Shortly after the movie was over, the young girl came running downstairs where her mother was doing laundry and exclaimed, &quot;Mom, mom, they killed all the indians, because they're dangerous!&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What impact did the stereotyping in this movie have on the child and her mother? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Answer the following questions: (Use Combating Stereotypes  and Effects of Stereotypes  handouts if needed.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How can this mother combat media stereotypes for her child? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What would they say or do if it were their child who said it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What might that or any child grow up thinking about Native Americans if this stereotype goes unchallenged? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Comber (2001) describes critical literacies as involving people using language to exercise power, to enhance everyday life in schools and communities, and to question practices of privilege and injustice.&quot; (Vasquez, 2005) </li></ul>
  7. 7. References