Writing and developing role plays


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The use of role plays in manpower training and development is highlighted in this presentation.
I hope you find it relevant.
Adetoun Omole (ACIPM)

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Writing and developing role plays

  1. 1. ByOMOLE, A.R. (Mrs.)
  2. 2. At the end of the session, participants should be able to: define role-play; list the approaches to role-playing; identify the role-play learning theories; list steps in writing a role-play; and write and enact a role-play.
  3. 3. Role-play is: a technique by which learning is reinforced to have a lasting impact on the trainee and bring about a desired attitudinal change. acting out a part, especially that of somebody with a particular social role in order to understand it better. a simulation of the essential features of a role or skill as an aid to study or training.
  4. 4.  Introduction Learning Objectives Definition of Role-Play Basic approaches to Role-Play Basic Learning Theory Steps in writing a Role-Play Activity: enacting a Role-play Conclusion
  5. 5. Downloads.lnkA Role-Play Scenario with the audience (observers)
  6. 6.  To inform, educate, create awareness and influence behaviour positively. To set objectives, standards and control. To give job instructions, provide rules and procedures. To change attitudes, behaviour, work methods and practices.
  7. 7.  Pre-planned or Structured role-playing - very formal - controlled processes/content - prior preparation - subject to external influence Spontaneous role-playing - naturally unrestrained - less formal - natural processes - no apparent external influence.
  8. 8.  Learning by doing Learning through imitation Learning through observation Learning through analysis and conceptualisation
  9. 9.  The Excitement “Real’’ Behaviour Spontaneity Experiment Feedback and Analysis Diagnosis
  10. 10.  Pre-planned role-playing preparation Identify general problem area Collect data Determine specific training goals Write cases Enactment and Discussion
  11. 11. Multiple Role-Play
  12. 12.  Multiple Role-Play Single Role- Play Role Rotation Role Reversal Doubting
  13. 13. Consider these questions: Do the objectives fit what is needed? Is it a realistic problem? Do the characters have distinctive conflicts? Is it clearly written? Are there two or more characters? Are there instructions for observers? Do we need to write or adopt one?
  14. 14.  It should be based on facts not opinions It should be based on first hand observation for realism i.e. practicality It should show more than it tells It shows formal and informal interpersonal relationship It describes key people in the role-play It indicates a progressive change when observation stopped.
  15. 15. 1. Determine the learning objectives of the role-play2. Choose a scenario or situation from reality that highlights the key concepts of the course.3. Once you have selected a scenario, you need to consider the various stakeholders and their perspectives and adapt the situation to the classroom
  16. 16.  Step 1: define the theoretical principles or skills you wish the trainees to learn. Step 2: convert these theoretical principles into training objectives by describing the relevant skills/behaviour you need to highlight – listening, negotiation, persuasive Step 3: identify the population of trainees e.g. their culture, occupational background, position, level of experience etc. Use suitable language and avoid unknown jargon.
  17. 17. Role-Play Brainstorming Session
  18. 18.  Step 4: establish a situation that allows trainees to develop the required skills by thinking over your experiences, seeking more information and brainstorming ideas Step 5: develop the problem in terms of briefs* for the role-players and guides** for the observers.*briefs are the underlying traits/behaviours/skills/information that makes the role appear ‘real ’**guides are the questions that should be developed directly from the learning objectives which seeks to know if the desired learning has taken place .
  19. 19. Step 7: Test the role-play you have written. Preferably use a sample of the trainee population for whom it is written. Allow some fellow trainees to read it Test for consistency, completeness and acceptability. Be sure that the desired answers to questions develop logically from the role-play Build ‘conflicts’ i.e. a range of differences intoyour role-play in order to sustain it.
  20. 20. Role-Plays can be relevant in these areas: Interviewing Counselling Salesmanship Grievance handling Performance review Human Relations skill Customer Service Job Induction and Instructions Skills acquisition...................
  21. 21.  Write a problem that illustrates the skills/principle you want to highlight with a role-play Decide on the characters, give them names, roles, attitude, place of work/location etc Write out what the non-players (audience) should be watching out for Prepare how the role-play will be introduced Write out the questions you will ask at the end of the role-play (debriefing procedure)
  22. 22. For further reading: Armstrong, M (2000) Human Resources Management Practice, Kogan Page, London http://www.google.com.ng/url? sa=t&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CCAQFjAB&url=http%3A%2F%2Fbible.org %2Fseriespage%2Fteaching-through-role- playing&ei=N1LOTeWuAYycOsOklZoN&usg=AFQjCNGNNZeqsqjJYERyX3 aCVeT4L4BnNw http://www.google.com.ng/url? sa=t&source=web&cd=5&ved=0CDAQFjAE&url=http%3A%2F %2Fwww.ccghe.jhmi.edu%2Fassets%2FCCGHE%2FDocuments%2FS1- Teaching_Techniques.pdf&ei=N1LOTeWuAYycOsOklZoN&usg=AFQjCNE_ 6QFGIazhqw7Zg1pvzmXmsX-RVg http://www.google.com.ng/url? sa=t&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CBcQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F %2Fimet.csus.edu%2Fimet3%2Fodell%2Fportfolio%2Fgrartifacts%2FLit %2520review.pdf&ei=N1LOTeWuAYycOsOklZoN&usg=AFQjCNFUWw6HT KbE1XKqj6y6ggxJVf4JMA
  23. 23.  Role-Play is a valuable resource in learning. Writing a role-play can be very interesting if the simple rules are followed carefully. To achieve set objectives, role-play should be based on the skills or principles you want to achieve.
  24. 24. Thank you forparticipating, Good- Bye.