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The passive voice adolfo aceitun osv

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Transcript

  • 1. THE PASSIVEVOICEEnglish GrammarOctober 29th, 2012
  • 2. THE PASSIVE VOICELet’s check the passive voice:And now let’s discuss about it:
  • 3. WHAT’S THE PASSIVE VOICE?
  • 4. USESPassive sentences focus on the person or thing receiving an action. This camcorder was manufactured in Japan.Active sentences focus on the person or thing performing the action. Japan manufactured this camcorder.
  • 5. STRUCTUREIn order to create a sentence using the passive, we use: OBJECT + BE + PAST PARTICIPLE My wallet was stolen.
  • 6. TENSESWe can use the passive with different verb tenses: My wallet was stolen. My book is going to be reviewed. Apples are grown around here.
  • 7. “BY PHRASE”If we want to mention the performer of the action, we use: BY + THE PERFORMER This sweater was made by my mom.
  • 8. VERBSCan we use the passive with all types of verbs? Yes, we can use TRANSITIVE and INTRANSITIVE VERBS. No, we only use TRANSITIVE verbs.
  • 9. CORRECT!We only use the passive withTRANSITIVE verbs, because they have anobject.
  • 10. INCORRECT!The passive focuses on the object of the verbs,and INTRANSITIVE verbs DO NOT HAVE ANOBJECT!
  • 11. ANALYSISIn case you want to talkabout a famous work of art,which grammaticalconstruction would youuse? The passive or theactive voice?
  • 12. ANSWERIf you want to talk about a famous work of art, the best choice is to use the PASSIVE VOICE, since the important thing is the object of the action.
  • 13. EXAMPLES:The “Mona Lisa” was painted by Leonardo da Vinci.The Statue of Liberty was build in 1886.The Taj Mahal was designed by the Emperor Shah Jahan.
  • 14. THANKYOU!