Kewenangan Pelabuhan
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Kewenangan Pelabuhan

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Kewenangan Pelabuhan Kewenangan Pelabuhan Presentation Transcript

  • MANAGING THE SEAPORT IN THEMANAGING THE SEAPORT IN THE ERA OF LOCAL AUTONOMYERA OF LOCAL AUTONOMY (WITHIN THE CORRIDOR OF LAW 32 YEAR 2004 CONCERNING LOCAL GOVERNMENT BY: DR.MADE SUWANDI Director of Local Government Function Directorate General of Regional Autonomy MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS
  • MANAGING THE SEAPORT IN THEMANAGING THE SEAPORT IN THE ERA OF LOCAL AUTONOMYERA OF LOCAL AUTONOMY (WITHIN THE CORRIDOR OF LAW 32 YEAR 2004 CONCERNING LOCAL GOVERNMENT BY: DR.MADE SUWANDI Director of Local Government Function Directorate General of Regional Autonomy MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS
  • THE AUTHORITY UPON SEAPORTTHE AUTHORITY UPON SEAPORT 1. UNDER LAW 32/2004 THERE ARE THREE CRITERIA IS SET TO DETERMINE THE AUTHORITY TO MANAGE SEAPORT; EXTERNALITY, ACCOUNTABILITY AND EFFICIENCY 2. INTERNATIONAL AND NATIONAL SEAPORT: THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT 3. REGIONAL SEAPORT; PROVINCE 4. LOCAL SEAPORT; CITY OR DISTRICT
  • DISTRIBUTION OF GOVERNMENT AUTHORITY DEKONSENTRASI PEMERINTAH ADMINISTRATIF / WILAYAH • KANWIL/KANDEP • KEPALA WILAYAH • DLL PEMERINTAH PUSAT DELEGASI • OTORITA • BUMN • NUSAKAMBANGAN • DLL DAERAH OTONOM PROPINSI KABUPATEN/ KOTA DESENTRALISASI PRIVATISASI • SWASTA MURNI • BOT • BOO • BOL • DLL
  • WHETHER LOCAL GOVERNMENT ISWHETHER LOCAL GOVERNMENT IS ALLOWED TO MANAGE NATIONAL ORALLOWED TO MANAGE NATIONAL OR INTERNATIONAL SEAPORTINTERNATIONAL SEAPORT 1. YES….. PROVIDED: 2. THE LG SHOULD GET THE APPROVAL FROM THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT (MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATION) SINCE IT IS THE AUTHORITY OF CENTRAL GOVERNMENT 3. THE LG SHOULD FOLLOW NORMS, STANDARD AND PROCEDURES SET BY THE CENTRE INCLUDING CONVENTIONS SET BY THE IMO 4. THE LG HAS THE MANAGEMENT ABILITY TO MANAGE THE SEAPORT ACCORDING TO STANDARDS SET BY THE CENTRAL GOVT
  • LOCAL GOVERNMENTLOCAL GOVERNMENT RELATIONS WITH PT.PELINDORELATIONS WITH PT.PELINDO 1. PT.PELINDO IS A STATE OWNED COMPANY 2. IT IS TREATED AS A PRIVATE COMPANY UNDER LAW 1/1995 3. SINCE IT OPERATES IN THE TERRITORY OF LG, IT SHOULD OBEY LOCAL REGULATIONS SET BY THE LG UNDER LAW 32/2004 4. PT.PELINDO SHOULD GET LICENSES FROM THE LG WHEN IT ESTABLISHES BUILDINGS, ADVERTASIMENTS, RESTAURANTS, PARKING LOTS, AND OTHER LOCAL FACILITIES WHICH CAUSE LOCAL EXTERNALITIES
  • HOW THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENTHOW THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT HANDLES THE SEAPORTHANDLES THE SEAPORT 1. THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT MAY ESTABLISH AN IMPLEMENTATION UNIT (UPT) TO HANDLE THE PORT 2. THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT MAY ASSIGN THE GOVERNOR TO HANDLE IT UNDER THE PRINCIPLE OF DECONCENTRATION 3. THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT MAY ASSIGN THE PROVINCE OR THE DISTRICT OR CITY TO HANDLE IT UNDER THE PRINCIPLE OF COADMINISTRATION (TUGAS PEMBANTUAN)
  • HANDLING NATIONAL ANDHANDLING NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL SEAPORTSINTERNATIONAL SEAPORTS 1. TODAY IS THE ERA OF REFORMATION 2. DEMOCRACY IS THE MAIN AGENDA OF REFORMATION AND THE REGIONAL AUTONOMY IS THE REFLECTION OF DEMOCRACY 3. THOUGH THE NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL PORTS BECOME THE AUTHORITY OF CENTRAL GOVERNMENT TO HANDLE; IT WOULD BE WISER IF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT IS GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY TO HANDLE THEM UNDER THE PRINCIPLE OF DECONCENTRATION OR COADMINISTRATION 4. EMPOWER AND SUPERVISE THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN HANDLING THE SEAPORTS 5. PRIORITIES SHOULD BE GIVEN TO BIG CITIES
  • CONDITIONS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TOCONDITIONS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT TO HANDLE SEAPORTSHANDLE SEAPORTS 1. CENTRAL GOVERNMENT SET NORMS, STANDARDS AND PROCEDURES INCLUDING COMPETENCES IN HANDLING THE SEAPORT 2. THE LGs WANT TO HANDLE SEAPORTS SHOULD MET THE REQUIRED CONDITIONS 3. APPLY TIGHT SUPERVISION AND EMPOWER THE CAPACITY OF LGs IN HANDLING THE PORTS 4. LGs HAVE NOT MET THE CONDITIONS SHOULD NOT BE ALLOWED TO HANDLE PORTS AS IT MAY ENDANGER NATIONAL CREDIBILITY IN IMO 5. DECENTRALISATION IN HANDLING THE PORTS WILL EASE THE BURDEN OF THE CENTRE AND TEACHING THE LGs TO HANDLE BIGGER PORTS
  • CONSEQUENCES OF LOCALCONSEQUENCES OF LOCAL AUTONOMYAUTONOMY 1. THE NEED TO HARMONIZE LAW OF COMMUNICATION AND LAW OF AUTONOMY 2. SINCE IT IS THE ERA OF REFORMATION; THE AUTONOMY LAW BECOMES THE CORNERSTONE FOR THE SECTORAL LAWS 3. THE MAIN DUTY OF CENTRAL GOVERNMENT WILL BE; SETTING NORMS, STANDARDS, PROCEDURES, MONEV, SUPERVISION AND FACILITATION INCLUDING IMPLEMENTING GOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS WITH NATIONAL EXTERNALITIES 4. THE FUNCTIONS OF LGs WILL BE; IMPLEMENTING GOVERNMENTAL AFFAIRS WITH LOCAL EXTERNALITIES WITHIN THE CORRIDOR OF REGULATIONS SET BY THE CENTRE
  • ANATOMI URUSAN PEMERINTAHAN URUSAN PEMERINTAHAN ABSOLUT (Mutlak urusan Pusat) CONCURRENT (Urusan bersama Pusat, Provinsi, dan Kab/Kota) PILIHAN/OPTIONAL (Sektor Unggulan) WAJIB/OBLIGATORY (Pelayanan Dasar) SPM (Standar Pelayanan Minimal) - Hankam - Moneter - Yustisi - Politik Luar Negeri - Agama Contoh: kesehatan, pendidikan, lingkungan hidup, pekerjaan umum, dan perhubungan Contoh: pertanian, industri, perdagangan, pariwisata, kelautan dsb
  • DISTRIBUSI URUSAN PEMERINTAHAN ANTAR TINGKAT PEMERINTAHAN Kriteria Distribusi Urusan Pmerintahan Antar Tingkat Pemerintahan : 1. Externalitas (Spill-over) Siapa kena dampak, mereka yang berwenang mengurus 2. Akuntabilitas Yang berwenang mengurus adalah tingkatan pemerintahan yang paling dekat dengan dampak tersebut (sesuai prinsip demokrasi) 3. Efisiensi  Otonomi Daerah harus mampu menciptakan pelayanan publik yang efisien dan mencegah High Cost Economy  Efisiensi dicapai melalui skala ekonomis (economic of scale) pelayanan publik  Skala ekonomis dapat dicapai melalui cakupan pelayanan (catchment area) yang optimal
  • 1. Pusat: Berwenang membuat norma-norma, standar, prosedur, Monev, supervisi, fasilitasi dan urusan-urusan pemerintahan dengan eksternalitas nasional. 2. Provinsi: Berwenang mengatur dan mengurus urusan-urusan pemerintahan dengan eksternalitas regional (lintas Kab/Kota) 3. Kab/Kota: Berwenang mengatur dan mengurus urusan-urusan pemerintahan dengan eksternalitas lokal (dalam satu Kab/Kota) BAGIAN URUSAN PEMERINTAHAN YANG DILAKSANAKANBAGIAN URUSAN PEMERINTAHAN YANG DILAKSANAKAN OLEH MASINGOLEH MASING--MASING TINGKATAN PEMERINTAHANMASING TINGKATAN PEMERINTAHAN BERDASARKAN 3 KRITERIABERDASARKAN 3 KRITERIA
  • Hubungan Antar TingkatanHubungan Antar Tingkatan PemerintahanPemerintahan 1. Adanya interkoneksi dan interdependensi antar tingkatan Pemerintahan dalam mengatur dan mengurus urusannya. Ada hubungan interelasi dan interdependensi Contoh 1: Urusan Pendidikan Dasar & SLTP  Kab/Kota Urusan Pendidikan Menengah oleh Provinsi Urusan PT oleh Pemerintah Pusat Contoh 2: Jalan Kab/Kota oleh Pemkab/Kota Jalan Prov oleh Pemprov Jalan negara oleh Pem. Pusat Ada hubungan interelasi dan interdependensi
  • TERIMA KASIHTERIMA KASIH