The Ever-Increasing Burden on Schools (Vollmer's List)
<ul><li>Vollmer’s List: The Increasing Burden on America’s SchoolsDecadeSchool Responsibilities1900 to 1910Nutrition, ImmunizationHealth (Activities in the health arena multiply every year)1910 to 1930Physical education (including organized athletics)The Practical Arts/Domestic Science/Home economics (including sewing and cooking)Vocational education (including industrial and agricultural education)Mandated school transportation1940sBusiness education (including typing, shorthand, and bookkeeping)Art and musicSpeech and dramaHalf-day kindergartenSchool lunch programs (A huge step to shift to the schools the job of feeding America’s children one third of their daily meals.)1950sExpanded science and math educationSafety educationDriver’s educationExpanded music and art educationStronger foreign language requirementsSex education (Topics continue to escalate)1960sAdvanced Placement programsHead Start Title IAdult educationConsumer education (resources, rights, and responsibilities)Career education (options and entry level skill requirements)Peace, leisure, and recreation education1970sDrug and alcohol abuse educationParenting education (techniques and tools for healthy parenting)Behavior adjustment classes (including classroom and communication skills)Character educationSpecial education (mandated by federal government)Title IX programs (greatly expanded athletic programs for girls)Environmental education, Women’s studies, African-American heritage educationSchool breakfast programs (Now some schools feed America’s children two-thirds of their daily meals throughout the school year)DecadeSchool Responsibilities1980sKeyboarding and computer educationGlobal educationMulticultural/Ethnic educationEnglish-as-a-second language and bilingual educationTeen pregnancy awarenessHispanic heritage educationEarly childhood educationJump Start, Early Start, Even Start, and Prime StartFull-day kindergartenPreschool programs for children at riskAfter school programs for children of working parentsAlternative education in all its formsStranger/danger educationAntismoking educationSexual abuse prevention educationExpanded health and psychological servicesChild abuse monitoring ( a legal requirement for all teachers)1990sConflict resolution and peer mediationHIV/AIDS educationCPR trainingDeath educationAmerica 2000 initiatives (Republican)InclusionExpanded computer and internet educationDistance learningTech Prep and School to Work programsTechnical Adequacy AssessmentPost secondary enrollment options, Concurrent enrollment optionsGoals 2000 initiatives (Democrat)Expanded Talented and Gifted opportunitiesAt risk drop-out prevention, Homeless education (including causes/effects on children)Gang education (urban centers)Service learningBus safety, bicycle safety, gun safety, and water safety educationDecadeSchool Responsibilitiesfirst decade of the twenty first centuryNo Child Left Behind (Republican)Bully preventionAnti-harassment policies (gender, race, religion, or national origin)Elevator and escalator safety instructionBody Mass Index evaluation (obesity monitoring)Organ donor education and awarenessPersonal financial literacyEntrepreneurial and innovation skills developmentMedia literacy developmentContextual learning skill developmentHealth and wellness programsRace to the Top (Democrat)</li></ul>Note: This list does not include the addition of multiple, specialized topics within each of the traditional subjects. It does not also include the explosion of standardized testing and test prep activities.<br />Source: Schools Cannot Do It Alone by Jamie Vollmer<br />
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