http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=614Fitango EducationHealth TopicsProstate Health
1OverviewThe prostate is a part of the male reproductivesystem, which includes the penis, prostate, andtesticles. The pros...
2OverviewThis diagram shows the location of the prostate, infront of the rectum and just below the bladder.
3Prostate ScreeningProstate cancer screening means looking forcancer before it causes symptoms. This helps tofind cancer a...
4Prostate Screening-- Digital rectal exam (DRE): A doctor or nurse willinsert a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum ...
5Prostate Screening-- Prostate specific antigen test (PSA): The PSA testis a blood test that measures the level of PSA in ...
6Prostate ScreeningAs a rule, the higher the PSA level in the blood, themore likely a prostate problem is present. Butmany...
7Prostate Screening-- An enlarged prostate.-- A prostate infection.Because many factors can affect PSA levels, yourdoctor ...
8Informed Decisions**Should I Get Screened for Prostate Cancer?**CDC and other federal agencies follow the prostatecancer ...
9Informed Decisions**Informed Decision Making**Understanding that men and their doctors maycontinue to screen for prostate...
10Informed Decisions**Understands the nature and risk of prostatecancer**Understands the risks of, benefits of, andalterna...
Prostate Health
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Prostate Health

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The prostate is a part of the male reproductive system, which includes the penis, prostate, and testicles. The prostate is located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It is about the size of a walnut and surrounds the urethra (the tube that empties urine from the bladder). The job of the prostate is to produce fluid that makes up a part of semen. As a man ages, the prostate tends to increase in size. This can cause the urethra to narrow and decrease urine flow.
This diagram shows the location of the prostate, in front of the rectum and just below the bladder.

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Prostate Health

  1. 1. http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=614Fitango EducationHealth TopicsProstate Health
  2. 2. 1OverviewThe prostate is a part of the male reproductivesystem, which includes the penis, prostate, andtesticles. The prostate is located just below thebladder and in front of the rectum. It is about thesize of a walnut and surrounds the urethra (thetube that empties urine from the bladder). The jobof the prostate is to produce fluid that makes up apart of semen. As a man ages, the prostate tendsto increase in size. This can cause the urethra tonarrow and decrease urine flow.
  3. 3. 2OverviewThis diagram shows the location of the prostate, infront of the rectum and just below the bladder.
  4. 4. 3Prostate ScreeningProstate cancer screening means looking forcancer before it causes symptoms. This helps tofind cancer at an early stage when it may be easierto treat.Two tests are commonly used to screen forprostate cancer—
  5. 5. 4Prostate Screening-- Digital rectal exam (DRE): A doctor or nurse willinsert a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum tofeel the prostate. This allows the examiner toestimate the size of the prostate and feel for anylumps or other abnormalities.
  6. 6. 5Prostate Screening-- Prostate specific antigen test (PSA): The PSA testis a blood test that measures the level of PSA in theblood. PSA is a substance made by the prostate.The levels of PSA in the blood can be higher in menwho have prostate cancer. The PSA level may alsobe elevated in other conditions that affect theprostate.
  7. 7. 6Prostate ScreeningAs a rule, the higher the PSA level in the blood, themore likely a prostate problem is present. Butmany factors, such as age and race, can affect PSAlevels. Some prostate glands produce more PSAthan others. PSA levels also can be affected by—-- Certain medical procedures.-- Certain medications.
  8. 8. 7Prostate Screening-- An enlarged prostate.-- A prostate infection.Because many factors can affect PSA levels, yourdoctor is the best person to interpret your PSA testresults.
  9. 9. 8Informed Decisions**Should I Get Screened for Prostate Cancer?**CDC and other federal agencies follow the prostatecancer screening recommendations set forth bythe U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, whichrecommends against PSA-based screeningfor menthat do not have symptoms.
  10. 10. 9Informed Decisions**Informed Decision Making**Understanding that men and their doctors maycontinue to screen for prostate cancer, CDCcontinues to support informed decision making.Informed decision making occurs when a man—
  11. 11. 10Informed Decisions**Understands the nature and risk of prostatecancer**Understands the risks of, benefits of, andalternatives to screening.Participates in the decision to be screened or notat a level he desires.Makes a decision consistent with his preferencesand values.
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