Fitango Education          Health Topics                               Phobiashttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31
Overview   A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. It is a   strong, irrational fear of something that poses little   or n...
Overview   People with phobias try to avoid what they are   afraid of. If they cannot, they may experience   -- Panic and ...
Overview   -- A strong desire to get away   Treatment helps most people with phobias.   Options include medicines, therapy...
Symptoms   What are the signs and symptoms of social   phobia?   People with social phobia tend to:   -- Be very anxious a...
Symptoms   -- Be very self-conscious in front of other people   and feel embarrassed   -- Be very afraid that other people...
Symptoms   -- Have a hard time making friends and keeping   friends   -- Blush, sweat, or tremble around other people   --...
Treatment           **How is social phobia treated?**   First, talk to your doctor about your symptoms.   Your doctor shou...
Treatment           **How is social phobia treated?**   Social phobia is generally treated with   psychotherapy, medicatio...
Treatment           **How is social phobia treated?**    A type of psychotherapy called cognitive behavior   therapy is es...
Treatment           **How is social phobia treated?**    Doctors also may prescribe medication to help   treat social phob...
Treatment           **How is social phobia treated?**   Antidepressants are used to treat depression, but   they are also ...
Treatment           **How is social phobia treated?**   A type of antidepressant called monoamine   oxidase inhibitors (MA...
Treatment           **How is social phobia treated?**   Its important to know that although   antidepressants can be safe ...
Treatment           **How is social phobia treated?**   Anyone taking antidepressants should be   monitored closely, espec...
Treatment           **How is social phobia treated?**   Some people do better with cognitive behavior   therapy, while oth...
Phobias
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Phobias

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A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. It is a strong, irrational fear of something that poses little or no actual danger. There are many specific phobias. Acrophobia is a fear of heights. You may be able to ski the world's tallest mountains but be unable to go above the 5th floor of an office building. Agoraphobia is a fear of public places, and claustrophobia is a fear of closed-in places. If you become anxious and extremely self-conscious in everyday social situations, you could have a social phobia. Other common phobias involve tunnels, highway driving, water, flying, animals and blood.



People with phobias try to avoid what they are afraid of. If they cannot, they may experience

-- Panic and fear


-- Rapid heartbeat


-- Shortness of breath


-- Trembling


-- A strong desire to get away


Treatment helps most people with phobias. Options include medicines, therapy or both.

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Phobias

  1. 1. Fitango Education Health Topics Phobiashttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31
  2. 2. Overview A phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. It is a strong, irrational fear of something that poses little or no actual danger. There are many specific phobias. Acrophobia is a fear of heights. You may be able to ski the worlds tallest mountains but be unable to go above the 5th floor of an office building. Agoraphobia is a fear of public places, and claustrophobia is a fear of closed-in places. If you become anxious and extremely self- conscious in everyday social situations, you could have a sociahttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 1
  3. 3. Overview People with phobias try to avoid what they are afraid of. If they cannot, they may experience -- Panic and fear -- Rapid heartbeat -- Shortness of breath -- Tremblinghttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 2
  4. 4. Overview -- A strong desire to get away Treatment helps most people with phobias. Options include medicines, therapy or both.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 3
  5. 5. Symptoms What are the signs and symptoms of social phobia? People with social phobia tend to: -- Be very anxious about being with other people and have a hard time talking to them, even though they wish they couldhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 4
  6. 6. Symptoms -- Be very self-conscious in front of other people and feel embarrassed -- Be very afraid that other people will judge them -- Worry for days or weeks before an event where other people will be -- Stay away from places where there are other peoplehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 5
  7. 7. Symptoms -- Have a hard time making friends and keeping friends -- Blush, sweat, or tremble around other people -- Feel nauseous or sick to their stomach when with other people.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 6
  8. 8. Treatment **How is social phobia treated?** First, talk to your doctor about your symptoms. Your doctor should do an exam to make sure that another physical problem isnt causing the symptoms. The doctor may refer you to a mental health specialist.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 7
  9. 9. Treatment **How is social phobia treated?** Social phobia is generally treated with psychotherapy, medication, or both. **Psychotherapy**http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 8
  10. 10. Treatment **How is social phobia treated?** A type of psychotherapy called cognitive behavior therapy is especially useful for treating social phobia. It teaches a person different ways of thinking, behaving, and reacting to situations that help him or her feel less anxious and fearful. It can also help people learn and practice social skills. **Medication**http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 9
  11. 11. Treatment **How is social phobia treated?** Doctors also may prescribe medication to help treat social phobia. The most commonly prescribed medications for social phobia are anti- anxiety medications and antidepressants. Anti- anxiety medications are powerful and there are different types. Many types begin working right away, but they generally should not be taken for long periods.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 10
  12. 12. Treatment **How is social phobia treated?** Antidepressants are used to treat depression, but they are also helpful for social phobia. They are probably more commonly prescribed for social phobia than anti-anxiety medications. Antidepressants may take several weeks to start working. Some may cause side effects such as headache, nausea, or difficulty sleeping. These side effects are usually not a problem for most people, especially if the dose starts off low and is increased slowly over time. **Talk to your doctor about any side effects yhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 11
  13. 13. Treatment **How is social phobia treated?** A type of antidepressant called monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are especially effective in treating social phobia. However, they are rarely used as a first line of treatment because when MAOIs are combined with certain foods or other medicines, dangerous side effects can occur.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 12
  14. 14. Treatment **How is social phobia treated?** Its important to know that although antidepressants can be safe and effective for many people, they may be risky for some, especially children, teens, and young adults. A"black box"— the most serious type of warning that a prescription drug can have—has been added to the labels of antidepressant medications. These labels warn people that antidepressants may cause some people to have suicidal thoughts or make suicide attempts.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 13
  15. 15. Treatment **How is social phobia treated?** Anyone taking antidepressants should be monitored closely, especially when they first start treatment with medications. Another type of medication called beta-blockers can help control some of the physical symptoms of social phobia such as excessive sweating, shaking, or a racing heart. They are most commonly prescribed when the symptoms of social phobia occur in specific situations, such as "stage fright."http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 14
  16. 16. Treatment **How is social phobia treated?** Some people do better with cognitive behavior therapy, while others do better with medication. Still others do best with a combination of the two. Talk with your doctor about the best treatment for you.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=31 15

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