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Health

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Bringing home a newborn can be one of the most exciting times in a parent's life, but the event can also be both stressful and complicated. Newborns demand endless attention, and it is entirely up to …

Bringing home a newborn can be one of the most exciting times in a parent's life, but the event can also be both stressful and complicated. Newborns demand endless attention, and it is entirely up to the parents to make sure the child is fed, changed, immunized, and looked after.

The first step in dealing with newborn health is choosing the right doctor. You and your baby will probably visit the doctor more often during the first year than at any other time in the child's life.

What Happens Right After Birth
Depending on your desires and the rules of the hospital or birth center where your baby is delivered, the first exam will either take place in the nursery or at your side:



-- Weight, length, and head circumference will be measured

-- Temperature will be taken, and your baby's breathing and heart rate will be measured

-- The doctor or nurse will monitor skin color and your newborn's activity

-- Special medication will be given to ward off infection

-- A shot of vitamin K will be given to prevent the possibility of bleeding.

Your baby will be given a first bath, and the umbilical cord stump will be cleaned. Most hospitals and birthing centers provide personal instructions (and sometimes videos) to new parents that cover feeding, bathing, and other important aspects of newborn care.

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  • 1. http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=523Fitango EducationHealth TopicsHealth
  • 2. 1OverviewBringing home a newborn can be one of the mostexciting times in a parents life, but the event canalso be both stressful and complicated. Newbornsdemand endless attention, and it is entirely up tothe parents to make sure the child is fed, changed,immunized, and looked after.
  • 3. 2OverviewThe first step in dealing with newborn health ischoosing the right doctor. You and your baby willprobably visit the doctor more often during thefirst year than at any other time in the childs life.**What Happens Right After Birth**
  • 4. 3OverviewDepending on your desires and the rules of thehospital or birth center where your baby isdelivered, the first exam will either take place inthe nursery or at your side:-- Weight, length, and head circumference will bemeasured-- Temperature will be taken, and your babysbreathing and heart rate will be measured
  • 5. 4Overview-- The doctor or nurse will monitor skin color andyour newborns activity-- Special medication will be given to ward offinfection-- A shot of vitamin K will be given to prevent thepossibility of bleeding.
  • 6. 5OverviewYour baby will be given a first bath, and theumbilical cord stump will be cleaned. Mosthospitals and birthing centers provide personalinstructions (and sometimes videos) to newparents that cover feeding, bathing, and otherimportant aspects of newborn care.
  • 7. 6Resources-- Top Ranked Pediatric Hospitals for Neonatal Care-- Top Newborn Problems and How to Solve Them-- The Healthy Newborn Network (HNN)
  • 8. 7Newborns and Your DoctorA newborn baby will have to attend many doctorsappointments during the first few months of life toprevent disease and ensure good health later on inlife.
  • 9. 8Newborns and Your Doctor**The Doctors Visit**The hospital or birth center where you deliver willnotify your childs doctor of the birth. If you havehad any medical problems during pregnancy, if anymedical problems for your baby are suspected, orif you are having a C-section, a pediatrician or yourbabys doctor will be alerted of the impendingbirth and be standing by to take care of the baby.
  • 10. 9Newborns and Your Doctor**The Doctors Visit**The doctor you have chosen for your newborn willprobably give your baby a full physical examinationwithin 24 hours of birth. This is a good opportunityto ask questions about your babys care.
  • 11. 10Newborns and Your Doctor**The Doctors Visit**A sample of your babys blood (usually done bypricking the babys heel) will be taken to screen fora number of diseases that are important todiagnose at birth so effective treatment can bestarted promptly. In some cases, a repeat sampleto confirm the results will be taken by the babysdoctor soon after going home.
  • 12. 11Newborns and Your Doctor**The Doctors Visit**Find out when the doctor would like to see yournewborn again. Most healthy newborns areroutinely examined at the doctors office at about1 to 2 weeks old. But if your baby is dischargedhome less than 48 hours after delivery, your doctorwill want to have your baby come to the office fora check within 48 hours after discharge.**The First Office Visit**
  • 13. 12Newborns and Your Doctor**The Doctors Visit**During the first office visit, your doctor will assessyour baby in a variety of ways. The first office visitwill differ from doctor to doctor, but you canprobably expect:-- measurement of weight, length, and headcircumference to assess how your babys beendoing since birth-- observation of your newborns vision, hearing,and reflexes
  • 14. 13Newborns and Your Doctor**The Doctors Visit**-- a total physical examination to check for anyabnormalities of the body or organ function-- questions about how you are doing with the newbaby and how your baby is eating and sleeping-- advice on what you can expect in the comingmonth
  • 15. 14Newborns and Your Doctor**The Doctors Visit**-- a discussion of your home environment and howit might affect your babys health (for example,smoking in the house can negatively affect yourbabys health in many ways)
  • 16. 15Newborns and Your Doctor**The Doctors Visit**Also, if the results of screening tests performed onyour newborn after birth are available, they maybe discussed with you. Bring any questions orconcerns to the doctor at this time. Jot down anyspecific instructions given regarding special babycare. Keep a permanent medical record for yourbaby that includes information about growth,immunizations, medications, and any problems orillnesses.
  • 17. 16Newborns and Your Doctor**Immunizations Your Baby Will Receive**Babies are born with some natural immunityagainst infectious diseases because their mothersinfection-preventing antibodies are passed to themthrough the umbilical cord. This immunity is onlytemporary, but babies will develop their ownimmunity against many infectious diseases.
  • 18. 17Newborns and Your Doctor**Immunizations Your Baby Will Receive**Breastfed babies receive antibodies and enzymesin breast milk that help protect them from someinfections and even some allergic conditions.
  • 19. 18Newborns and Your Doctor**Immunizations Your Baby Will Receive**At birth or shortly after, some infants receive theirfirst artificial immunization, a hepatitis B vaccine(HBV) that is given in three doses. There arecombination vaccines, however, that include HBVand are given at the 2-month visit. So other babieswill receive no immunizations until 2 months ofage.In either case, its wise to familiarize yourself withthe standard immunization schedule.
  • 20. 19Newborns and Your Doctor**When to Call the Doctor**Since small problems can indicate big problems fornewborns, dont hesitate to call your doctor if youhave concerns. Some difficulties to be aware ofduring this first month:
  • 21. 20Newborns and Your Doctor**When to Call the Doctor**-- Excessive drowsiness can be hard to spot in anewborn since most sleep so much. But if yoususpect your infant is sleepier than normal, call thedoctor. Sometimes this could be a sign of infection.
  • 22. 21Newborns and Your Doctor**When to Call the Doctor**-- Eye problems can be caused by blockage of oneor both tear ducts. Normally the ducts open ontheir own before too long, but sometimes theyremain clogged, which can cause mucus-liketearing of the eyes. The white discharge can crustup on the eyes and make it difficult for your babyto open them, and the blockage can lead toinfection. If you suspect a serious infection, such aspinkeye (conjunctivitis), call your doctorimmediately. If your baby has an infection, thedoctor will need to perf
  • 23. 22Newborns and Your Doctor**When to Call the Doctor**-- Fever in a newborn (rectal temperature above100.4°F or 38°C) should be reported to your doctorright away.-- Extreme floppiness or jitters in a baby could be asign of underlying problems. Report them to thedoctor immediately.
  • 24. 23Newborns and Your Doctor**When to Call the Doctor**-- A runny nose can make it difficult for a baby tobreathe, especially during feeding. You can helpease discomfort by using a rubber bulb aspirator togently suction mucus from the nose. Be sure to callyour doctor — even a common cold can bedangerous for a newborn.
  • 25. 24Newborns and Your Doctor**When to Call the Doctor**-- While breastfed newborns generally have loose,mustard-colored stools, very loose and waterystools could indicate illness. The danger here for ababy is dehydration, which can show up as a drymouth and a noticeable reduction in urine output(fewer than six wet diapers in 24 hours). Call yourdoctor if your newborns stools seem watery orloose or often occur at other times besides afterfeeding.

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