Gastritis

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Gastritis is a condition in which the stomach
lining—known as the mucosa—is inflamed. The stomach lining contains special
cells that produce acid and enzymes, which help break down food for digestion,
and mucus, which protects the stomach lining from acid. When the stomach lining
is inflamed, it produces less acid, enzymes, and mucus.

Gastritis may be acute or chronic. Sudden,
severe inflammation of the stomach lining is called acute gastritis. Inflammation
that lasts for a long time is called chronic gastritis. If chronic gastritis is
not treated, it may last for years or even a lifetime.
Erosive gastritis is a type of gastritis that
often does not cause significant inflammation but can wear away the stomach
lining. Erosive gastritis can cause bleeding, erosions, or ulcers. Erosive
gastritis may be acute or chronic.

The relationship between gastritis and
symptoms is not clear. The term gastritis refers specifically to abnormal
inflammation in the stomach lining. People who have gastritis may experience
pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen, but many people with gastritis do not
have any symptoms.

The term gastritis is sometimes mistakenly
used to describe any symptoms of pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen. Many
diseases and disorders can cause these symptoms. Most people who have upper
abdominal symptoms do not have gastritis.

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Gastritis

  1. 1. Fitango Education Health Topics Gastritishttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109
  2. 2. Overview Gastritis is a condition in which the stomach lining—known as the mucosa—is inflamed. The stomach lining contains special cells that produce acid and enzymes, which help break down food for digestion,http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 1
  3. 3. Overview and mucus, which protects the stomach lining from acid. When the stomach lining is inflamed, it produces less acid, enzymes, and mucus. Gastritis may be acute or chronic. Sudden, severe inflammation of the stomach lining is called acute gastritis. Inflammationhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 2
  4. 4. Overview that lasts for a long time is called chronic gastritis. If chronic gastritis is not treated, it may last for years or even a lifetime. Erosive gastritis is a type of gastritis that often does not cause significant inflammation but can wear away the stomachhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 3
  5. 5. Overview lining. Erosive gastritis can cause bleeding, erosions, or ulcers. Erosive gastritis may be acute or chronic. The relationship between gastritis and symptoms is not clear. The term gastritis refers specifically to abnormalhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 4
  6. 6. Overview inflammation in the stomach lining. People who have gastritis may experience pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen, but many people with gastritis do not have any symptoms. The term gastritis is sometimes mistakenlyhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 5
  7. 7. Overview used to describe any symptoms of pain or discomfort in the upper abdomen. Many diseases and disorders can cause these symptoms. Most people who have upper abdominal symptoms do not have gastritis.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 6
  8. 8. Symptoms Many people with gastritis do not have any symptoms. Symptoms you may notice are: -- Loss of appetite -- Nausea andhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 7
  9. 9. Symptoms vomiting -- Pain in the upper part of the belly or abdomen If gastritis is causing bleeding from the lining of the stomach, symptoms may include:http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 8
  10. 10. Symptoms -- Black stools -- Vomiting blood or coffee-ground like materialhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 9
  11. 11. Diagnoses Tests that may be needed are: -- Complete blood count (CBC) to check for anemia or low blood count -- Examination ofhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 10
  12. 12. Diagnoses the stomach with an endoscope (esophagogastroduodenoscopy or EGD) -- H. pylori tests -- Stool test to check for small amounts of blood in the stools, which may be a sign of bleeding in the stomachhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 11
  13. 13. Treatment Treatment depends on the specific cause. Some of the causes will disappear over time. You may need to stop taking aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, orhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 12
  14. 14. Treatment other medicines that may be causing gastritis, but only after you talk with your health care provider. You may use other over-the-counter and prescription drugs that decrease the amount of acid in the stomach, such as:http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 13
  15. 15. Treatment -- Antacids -- H2 antagonists: famotidine (Pepsid), cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac), and nizatidine (Axid)http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 14
  16. 16. Treatment -- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) -- omeprazole (Prilosec), esomeprazole (Nexium), iansoprazole (Prevacid), rabeprazole (AcipHex), and pantoprazolehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 15
  17. 17. Treatment (Protonix) Antacids may be used to treat chronic gastritis caused by infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria. The outlook depends on the cause, but is usually good.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 16
  18. 18. Causes The most common causes of gastritis are: -- Certain medications, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen,http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 17
  19. 19. Causes when taken over a longer period of time -- Drinking too much alcohol -- Infection of the stomach with a bacteria called Helicobacter pylorihttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 18
  20. 20. Causes Less common causes are: -- Autoimmune disorders (such as pernicious anemia) -- Backflow of bile into the stomach (bile reflux) -- Cocaine abusehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 19
  21. 21. Causes -- Eating or drinking caustic or corrosive substances (such as poisons) -- Extreme stress -- Viral infection, such as cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus, especially in people with ahttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 20
  22. 22. Causes weak immune system Trauma or a severe, sudden illness such as major surgery, kidney failure, or being placed on a breathing machine may cause gastritis. Blood loss and increased risk of gastrichttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 21
  23. 23. Causes cancer are possible complications. Call for an appointment with your health care provider if you develop: -- Pain in the upper part of the belly or abdomen that does not go away -- Black or tarryhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 22
  24. 24. Causes stools -- Vomiting blood or coffee-ground-like materialhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 23
  25. 25. Prevention Avoid long-term use of irritants (such as aspirin, anti-inflammatory drugs, or alcohol).http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=109 24

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