Fitango Education          Health Topics                                     Fluhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118
Overview   Flu (influenza) is a respiratory infection   caused by a number of viruses. The viruses pass   through the air ...
Overview   the flu each year. The flu can be serious or even   deadly for elderly people,   newborn babies and people with...
Overview   Body or   muscle aches   Chills   Cough   Fever   Headachehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118   3
Overview   Sore throat   Is it a cold or the   flu? Colds rarely cause a fever or headaches. Flu   almost never causes an ...
Overview   The main way to keep from getting the flu is   to get a yearly flu vaccine. If you get the flu, your   health c...
Symptoms   Influenza (also known as the flu) is a   contagious respiratory illness caused by flu viruses.   It can cause m...
Symptoms   from a cold. The flu usually comes on suddenly.   People who have the flu   often feel some or all of these sym...
Symptoms   -- Runny or stuffy nose   -- Muscle or body aches   -- Headaches   -- Fatigue (tiredness)   -- Some people may ...
Symptoms   * Its important to note that not everyone with flu   will have a fever.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id...
Diagnoses   Usually, healthcare providers diagnose   the flu on the basis of whether it is epidemic in the   community and...
Diagnoses   Healthcare providers rarely use laboratory tests to   identify the virus   during an epidemic. Health   offici...
Treatment   Most people with the flu have mild   illness and do not need medical care or antiviral   drugs. If you get sic...
Treatment   contact with other people except to get medical   care.   If, however,   you have symptoms of flu and are very...
Treatment   assistant, etc.).   Certain people are at greater risk of serious   flu-related complications (including young...
Treatment   this is true both for seasonal flu and novel flu virus   infections. (For   a full list of people at higher ri...
Treatment   you to contact your doctor. Remind them about   your high risk status for   flu.   Health care providers will ...
Treatment   antiviral drugs that can treat the flu. These drugs   work better for   treatment the sooner they are started....
Treatment   better faster and may also prevent serious   complications. See Treatment - Antiviral Drugs for   more informa...
Treatment   for other things you have to do and no one else   can do for you. (Your   fever should be gone without the use...
Risks   You can have flu complications if you   get a bacterial infection, which can cause   pneumonia in your weakened   ...
Risks   Complications usually appear after you start   feeling better. After a   brief period of improvement, you may sudd...
Risks   -- Coughing that produces thick, yellow-greenish-   colored mucus   Pneumonia can be a very serious and sometimes ...
Prevention   The single best way to protect against   the flu is to get a flu vaccine each year. CDC   recommends that eve...
Prevention   months and older, especially people at high risk for   developing serious complications from flu, get   vacci...
Prevention   -- Wash your hands often with soap and water. If   soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-   based ...
Prevention   you are sick with flu–like illness, CDC recommends   that you stay home   for at least 24 hours after your fe...
Prevention   -- While sick, limit contact with others as much as   possible to keep from infecting them.   Also, , which c...
Flu
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Flu

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Flu (influenza) is a respiratory infection
caused by a number of viruses. The viruses pass through the air and enter your
body through your nose or mouth. Between 5% and 20% of people in the U.S. get
the flu each year. The flu can be serious or even deadly for elderly people,
newborn babies and people with certain chronic illnesses.
Symptoms of the flu come on suddenly and are
worse than those of the common cold. They may include:

Body or
muscle aches
Chills
Cough
Fever
Headache
Sore throat

Is it a cold or the
flu? Colds rarely cause a fever or headaches. Flu almost never causes an upset
stomach. And "stomach flu" isn't really flu at all, but gastroenteritis.

The main way to keep from getting the flu is
to get a yearly flu vaccine. If you get the flu, your health care provider may
prescribe medicine to help your body fight the infection and lessen symptoms.

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Flu

  1. 1. Fitango Education Health Topics Fluhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118
  2. 2. Overview Flu (influenza) is a respiratory infection caused by a number of viruses. The viruses pass through the air and enter your body through your nose or mouth. Between 5% and 20% of people in the U.S. gethttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 1
  3. 3. Overview the flu each year. The flu can be serious or even deadly for elderly people, newborn babies and people with certain chronic illnesses. Symptoms of the flu come on suddenly and are worse than those of the common cold. They may include:http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 2
  4. 4. Overview Body or muscle aches Chills Cough Fever Headachehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 3
  5. 5. Overview Sore throat Is it a cold or the flu? Colds rarely cause a fever or headaches. Flu almost never causes an upset stomach. And "stomach flu" isnt really flu at all, but gastroenteritis.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 4
  6. 6. Overview The main way to keep from getting the flu is to get a yearly flu vaccine. If you get the flu, your health care provider may prescribe medicine to help your body fight the infection and lessen symptoms.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 5
  7. 7. Symptoms Influenza (also known as the flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by flu viruses. It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. The flu is differenthttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 6
  8. 8. Symptoms from a cold. The flu usually comes on suddenly. People who have the flu often feel some or all of these symptoms: -- Fever* or feeling feverish/chills -- Cough -- Sore throathttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 7
  9. 9. Symptoms -- Runny or stuffy nose -- Muscle or body aches -- Headaches -- Fatigue (tiredness) -- Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea, though this is more common in children than adults.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 8
  10. 10. Symptoms * Its important to note that not everyone with flu will have a fever.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 9
  11. 11. Diagnoses Usually, healthcare providers diagnose the flu on the basis of whether it is epidemic in the community and whether the persons complaints fit the current pattern of symptoms.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 10
  12. 12. Diagnoses Healthcare providers rarely use laboratory tests to identify the virus during an epidemic. Health officials, however, monitor certain U.S. health clinics and do laboratory tests to determine which type of flu virus is responsible for the epidemic.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 11
  13. 13. Treatment Most people with the flu have mild illness and do not need medical care or antiviral drugs. If you get sick with flu symptoms, in most cases, you should stay home and avoidhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 12
  14. 14. Treatment contact with other people except to get medical care. If, however, you have symptoms of flu and are very sick or worried about your illness, contact your health care provider (doctor, physician’shttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 13
  15. 15. Treatment assistant, etc.). Certain people are at greater risk of serious flu-related complications (including young children, elderly persons, pregnant women and people with certain long- term medical conditions) andhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 14
  16. 16. Treatment this is true both for seasonal flu and novel flu virus infections. (For a full list of people at higher risk of flu-related complications, see People at High Risk of Developing Flu–Related Complications). If you are in a high risk group and develop flu symptoms, it’s best forhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 15
  17. 17. Treatment you to contact your doctor. Remind them about your high risk status for flu. Health care providers will determine whether influenza testing and possible treatment are needed. Your doctor may prescribehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 16
  18. 18. Treatment antiviral drugs that can treat the flu. These drugs work better for treatment the sooner they are started. There are drugs your doctor may prescribe for treating the flu called “antivirals.” These drugs can make youhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 17
  19. 19. Treatment better faster and may also prevent serious complications. See Treatment - Antiviral Drugs for more information. The CDC recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care orhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 18
  20. 20. Treatment for other things you have to do and no one else can do for you. (Your fever should be gone without the use of a fever- reducing medicine, such as Tylenol®.) You should stay home from work, school, travel, shopping, social events, and public gatherings.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 19
  21. 21. Risks You can have flu complications if you get a bacterial infection, which can cause pneumonia in your weakened lungs. Pneumonia also can be caused by the flu virus itself.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 20
  22. 22. Risks Complications usually appear after you start feeling better. After a brief period of improvement, you may suddenly get these symptoms: -- High fever -- Shaking chills -- Chest pain with each breathhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 21
  23. 23. Risks -- Coughing that produces thick, yellow-greenish- colored mucus Pneumonia can be a very serious and sometimes life-threatening condition. If you have any of these symptoms, you should contact your health care provider immediately to get the appropriate treatment.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 22
  24. 24. Prevention The single best way to protect against the flu is to get a flu vaccine each year. CDC recommends that everyone 6http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 23
  25. 25. Prevention months and older, especially people at high risk for developing serious complications from flu, get vaccinated each season. To learn more, see Key Facts about Flu Vaccine. Take everyday preventive actions to stop the spread of germs: -- Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 24
  26. 26. Prevention -- Wash your hands often with soap and water. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol- based hand rub.* -- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. Germs spread this way. -- Try to avoid close contact with sick people. -- Ifhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 25
  27. 27. Prevention you are sick with flu–like illness, CDC recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities. (Your fever should be gone without the use of a fever-reducing medicine.)http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 26
  28. 28. Prevention -- While sick, limit contact with others as much as possible to keep from infecting them. Also, , which can treat flu illness, may be used in certain circumstances to prevent the flu.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=118 27
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