Fitango Education          Health Topics                              Epilepsyhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=303
OverviewThe epilepsies are a spectrum of brain disordersranging from severe,life-threatening and disabling, to ones that a...
Overviewpattern of neuronal activity becomes disturbed,causing strangesensations, emotions,and behavior or sometimes convu...
Overviewpossible causesand there are several types of seizures.Anything that disturbs the normal pattern ofneuron activity...
Overviewlead to seizures. Epilepsy may develop because of an abnormalityinbrain wiring,an imbalance of nerve signaling che...
Overviewcalled channels,or some combination of these and otherfactors. Having a single seizure as the result of ahigh feve...
Overviewthat a person has epilepsy. Only when a person hashad two or moreseizures is heor she considered to have epilepsy....
Overviewmagnetic resonanceimaging or computed tomography are commondiagnostic tests for epilepsy.                         ...
TreatmentOnceepilepsy is diagnosed, it is important to begintreatment as soon aspossible. For about 70 percent of those di...
Treatmentbe controlled with modern medicines and surgicaltechniques. Some drugsare more effective forspecific types of sei...
Treatmentcontrolled, may want to seea neurologist specificallytrained to treat epilepsy. In some children, specialdiets ma...
Treatmentcause serious side effects.                              11
PrognosisWhile epilepsy cannot becured, for some people the seizures can becontrolled with medication,diet, devices, and/o...
Prognosisbrain damage, but ongoing uncontrolled seizuresmay cause brain damage.It is not uncommon forpeople with epilepsy,...
Prognosisconjunction with seizures. Issuesmay also arise as a result ofthe stigma attached to having epilepsy, which canle...
Prognosisschool and other social settings. For many peoplewith epilepsy, therisk of seizures restricts theirindependence (...
Prognosisactivities.Epilepsy can be a life-threatening condition. Somepeople with epilepsy are at special risk forabnormal...
Epilepsy
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Epilepsy

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The epilepsies are a spectrum of brain disorders ranging from severe,
life-threatening and disabling, to ones that are much
more benign. In epilepsy, the normal
pattern of neuronal activity becomes disturbed, causing strange
sensations, emotions,
and behavior or sometimes convulsions,
muscle spasms, and loss of consciousness. The epilepsies have many
possible causes
and there are several types of seizures.
Anything that disturbs the normal pattern of neuron activity—from
illness to brain
damage to abnormal brain development—can
lead to seizures.
 Epilepsy may develop because of an abnormality in
brain wiring,
an imbalance of nerve signaling chemicals
called neurotransmitters, changes in important features of brain cells
called channels,
or some combination of these and other
factors. Having a single seizure as the result of a high fever (called
febrile seizure)
or head injury does not necessarily mean
that a person has epilepsy. Only when a person has had two or more
seizures is he
or she considered to have epilepsy. A
measurement of electrical activity in the brain and brain scans such as
magnetic resonance
imaging or computed tomography are common
diagnostic tests for epilepsy.

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Epilepsy

  1. 1. Fitango Education Health Topics Epilepsyhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=303
  2. 2. OverviewThe epilepsies are a spectrum of brain disordersranging from severe,life-threatening and disabling, to ones that aremuchmore benign. In epilepsy, the normal 1
  3. 3. Overviewpattern of neuronal activity becomes disturbed,causing strangesensations, emotions,and behavior or sometimes convulsions,muscle spasms, and loss of consciousness. Theepilepsies have many 2
  4. 4. Overviewpossible causesand there are several types of seizures.Anything that disturbs the normal pattern ofneuron activity—fromillness to braindamage to abnormal brain development—can 3
  5. 5. Overviewlead to seizures. Epilepsy may develop because of an abnormalityinbrain wiring,an imbalance of nerve signaling chemicalscalled neurotransmitters, changes in importantfeatures of brain cells 4
  6. 6. Overviewcalled channels,or some combination of these and otherfactors. Having a single seizure as the result of ahigh fever (calledfebrile seizure)or head injury does not necessarily mean 5
  7. 7. Overviewthat a person has epilepsy. Only when a person hashad two or moreseizures is heor she considered to have epilepsy. Ameasurement of electrical activity in the brain andbrain scans such as 6
  8. 8. Overviewmagnetic resonanceimaging or computed tomography are commondiagnostic tests for epilepsy. 7
  9. 9. TreatmentOnceepilepsy is diagnosed, it is important to begintreatment as soon aspossible. For about 70 percent of those diagnosedwith epilepsy, seizures can 8
  10. 10. Treatmentbe controlled with modern medicines and surgicaltechniques. Some drugsare more effective forspecific types of seizures.An individual with seizures, particularly those thatare not easily 9
  11. 11. Treatmentcontrolled, may want to seea neurologist specificallytrained to treat epilepsy. In some children, specialdiets may help tocontrol seizures when medicationsare either not effective or 10
  12. 12. Treatmentcause serious side effects. 11
  13. 13. PrognosisWhile epilepsy cannot becured, for some people the seizures can becontrolled with medication,diet, devices, and/or surgery.Most seizures do not cause 12
  14. 14. Prognosisbrain damage, but ongoing uncontrolled seizuresmay cause brain damage.It is not uncommon forpeople with epilepsy,especially children, to develop behavioral andemotional problems in 13
  15. 15. Prognosisconjunction with seizures. Issuesmay also arise as a result ofthe stigma attached to having epilepsy, which canled to embarrassmentand frustration or bullying,teasing, or avoidance in 14
  16. 16. Prognosisschool and other social settings. For many peoplewith epilepsy, therisk of seizures restricts theirindependence (some statesrefuse drivers licenses to people with epilepsy) andrecreational 15
  17. 17. Prognosisactivities.Epilepsy can be a life-threatening condition. Somepeople with epilepsy are at special risk forabnormally prolonged seizuresor sudden unexplained death in epilepsy. 16

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