Depressants

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Depressants slow down (or “depress”)
the normal activity that goes on in the brain. Alcohol is a depressant.



Doctors often prescribe central nervous
system (CNS) depressants to patients who are anxious or can’t sleep. When
used as directed, CNS depressants are safe and helpful for people who need
them.

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Depressants

  1. 1. Fitango Education Health Topics Depressantshttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=546
  2. 2. OverviewDepressants slow down (or “depress”)the normal activity that goes on in the brain.Alcohol is a depressant.Doctors often prescribe central nervous 1
  3. 3. Overviewsystem (CNS) depressants to patients who areanxious or can’t sleep. Whenused as directed, CNS depressants are safe andhelpful for people who needthem. 2
  4. 4. Types of depressantsCNS depressants can be divided into threemain groups:-- Barbiturates, which are used to treatsome forms of epilepsy 3
  5. 5. Types of depressants-- Benzodiazepines (Valium, Xanax), whichcan be used to treat severe stress, panic attacks,convulsions, and sleepdisorders-- Sleep medications (Ambien, Sonata, 4
  6. 6. Types of depressantsLunesta), which, as the name suggests, are used tohelp people with diagnosedsleep problems 5
  7. 7. How they work **How They Work**Most CNS depressants affect the brain inthe same way—they enhance the activity of thegamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). 6
  8. 8. How they work **How They Work**GABA is a neurotransmitter, one of the naturallyoccurring chemicals inthe brain that sends messages between cells.GABA works by slowing down brainactivity.Although different classes of CNS 7
  9. 9. How they work **How They Work**depressants work in unique ways, they ultimatelyincrease GABA activity, whichproduces a drowsy or calming effect. 8
  10. 10. How they work **Effects When Abused**CNS depressants can be addictive* andshould be used only as prescribed. Otherwise,they can bring about majorhealth problems, including addiction. Combiningthem with alcohol or 9
  11. 11. How they work **Effects When Abused**other drugs like pain medications can lead toslowed breathing and heart rate,and even death. 10

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