Concussions

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A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury, or TBI, caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that can change the way your brain normally works. Concussions can also occur from a fall or a blow to the body that causes the head and brain to move quickly back and forth.


Health care professionals may describe a concussion as a “mild” brain injury because concussions are usually not life-threatening. Even so, their effects can be serious.

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Concussions

  1. 1. Fitango Education Health Topics Concussionshttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=251
  2. 2. OverviewA concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury, orTBI, caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the headthat can change the way your brain normallyworks. Concussions can also occur from a fall or ablow to the body that causes the head and brain tomove quickly back and forth. 1
  3. 3. OverviewHealth care professionals may describe aconcussion as a “mild” brain injury becauseconcussions are usually not life-threatening. Evenso, their effects can be serious. 2
  4. 4. Symptoms **What are the Signs and Symptoms of Concussion?**Most people with a concussion recover quickly andfully. But for some people, symptoms can last fordays, weeks, or longer. In general, recovery may beslower among older adults, young children, andteens. Those who have had a concussion in thepast are also at risk of having another one and mayfind that it takes longer to recover if they haveanother concussion. 3
  5. 5. Treatment **What Should I do If a Concussion Occurs?**People with a concussion need to be seen by ahealth care professional. If you think you orsomeone you know has a concussion, contact yourhealth care professional. Your health careprofessional can refer you to a neurologist,neuropsychologist, neurosurgeon, or specialist inrehabilitation (such as a speech pathologist).Getting help soon after the injury by trainedspecialists may speed recovery. 4
  6. 6. Risks **Concussion in Sports and Recreation:**If a concussion occurs during sports- andrecreation-related activities, implement the 4-stepaction plan. 5
  7. 7. Risks **Concussion in Sports and Recreation:**Athletes with a concussion should never return tosports or recreation activities the day of the injuryand until a health care professional, experienced inevaluating for concussion, says they are symptom-free and it’s OK to return to play.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention:http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/ 6
  8. 8. Prevention **What Can I Do to Prevent Concussions?**As a coach or parent, you play a key role inpreventing concussions and responding properlywhen they occur. Here are some steps you can taketo help prevent concussions and ensure the bestoutcome for your athletes, the team, league orschool. 7
  9. 9. Living and coping **What Can I Do to Help Feel Better After a Concussion?**Although most people recover fully after aconcussion, how quickly they improve depends onmany factors. These factors include how severetheir concussion was, their age, how healthy theywere before the concussion, and how they takecare of themselves after the injury. 8
  10. 10. Living and coping **What Can I Do to Help Feel Better After a Concussion?**Some people who have had a concussion find thatat first it is hard to do their daily activities, theirjob, to get along with everyone at home, or torelax. 9

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