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Cervical Cancer
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Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. Cancer is always named for the part of the body where it starts, even if it spreads to other body parts later. …

Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. Cancer is always named for the part of the body where it starts, even if it spreads to other body parts later.
When cancer starts in the cervix, it is called cervical cancer. The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus. The cervix connects the vagina (birth canal) to the upper part of the uterus. The uterus (or womb) is where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant.
Cervical cancer is highly preventable in most Western countries because screening tests and a vaccine to prevent HPV infections are available. When cervical cancer is found early, it is highly treatable and associated with long survival and good quality of life.

CDC

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  • 1. Fitango Education Health Topics Cervical Cancerhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15
  • 2. Overview Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. Cancer is always named for the part of the body where it starts, even if it spreads to other body parts later.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 1
  • 3. Overview When cancer starts in the cervix, it is called cervical cancer. The cervix is the lower, narrow end of the uterus. The cervix connects the vagina (birth canal) to the upper part of the uterus. The uterus (or womb) is where a baby grows when a woman is pregnant.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 2
  • 4. Overview Cervical cancer is highly preventable in most Western countries because screening tests and a vaccine to prevent HPV infections are available. When cervical cancer is found early, it is highly treatable and associated with long survival and good quality of life. CDChttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 3
  • 5. Symptoms Early on, cervical cancer may not cause signs and symptoms. Advanced cervical cancer may cause bleeding or discharge from the vagina that is not normal for you, such as bleeding after sex. If you have any of these signs, see your doctor. They may be caused by something other than cancer, but the only way to know is to see your doctor.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 4
  • 6. Diagnosis / Treatment If your doctor says that you have cervical cancer, ask to be referred to a gynecologic oncologist—a doctor who has been trained to treat cancers of a womans reproductive system. This doctor will work with you to create a treatment plan.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 5
  • 7. Diagnosis / Treatment The extent of disease is referred to as the stage. Information about the size of the cancer or how far it has spread is often used to determine the stage. Doctors use this information to plan treatment and to monitor progress.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 6
  • 8. Diagnosis / Treatment Types of TreatmentThere are several ways to treat cervical cancer. The treatment depends on the type of cervical cancer and how far it has spread. Treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and/or radiation. Surgery: Doctors remove cancer tissue in an operation.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 7
  • 9. Diagnosis / Treatment Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy may cause side effects, but these often get better or go away when chemotherapy is over. Chemotherapy drugs may be given in several forms, including pills or through an IV (intravenous) injection.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 8
  • 10. Diagnosis / Treatment Radiation: Radiation uses high-energy rays (similar to X-rays) to try to kill the cancer cells and stop them from spreading. The rays are aimed at the part of the body where the cancer is. Different treatments may be provided by different doctors on your medical team.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 9
  • 11. Diagnosis / Treatment Gynecologic oncologists are doctors who have been trained to treat cancers of a womans reproductive system. Surgeons are doctors who perform operations. Medical oncologists are doctors who are experts in cancer and treat cancers with medicines.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 10
  • 12. Diagnosis / Treatment Radiation oncologists are doctors who treat cancers with radiation. CDChttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 11
  • 13. Risks Almost all cervical cancers are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), a common virus that can be passed from one person to another during sex. There are many types of HPV. Some HPV types can cause changes on a woman’s cervix that can lead to cervical cancer over time, while other types can cause genital warts.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 12
  • 14. Risks HPV is so common that most people get it at some time in their lives. HPV usually causes no symptoms so you cant tell that you have it. For most women, HPV will go away on its own; however, if it does not, there is a chance that over time it may cause cervical cancer. In addition to HPV, other things can increase your risk of cervical cancer. They include—http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 13
  • 15. Risks Smoking. Having HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) or another condition that makes it hard for your body to fight off health problems. Using birth control pills for a long time (five or more years). Having given birth to three or more children.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 14
  • 16. Risks CDChttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 15
  • 17. Prevention Two tests can help prevent cervical cancer— -- The Pap test (or Pap smear) looks for precancers, cell changes on the cervix that may become cervical cancer if they are nothttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 16
  • 18. Prevention treated appropriately. You should start getting Pap tests at age 21. 2. The human papillomavirus (HPV) test looks for the virus that can cause these cell changes. The most important thing you can do to help prevent cervical cancer is to have regular screening tests.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 17
  • 19. Prevention If your Pap test results are normal, your chance of getting cervical cancer in the next few years is very low. For that reason, your doctor may tell you that you will not need another Pap test for as long as three years. If you are 30 years old or older, you may choose to have an HPV test along with the Pap test. If both test results are normal, your doctor may tell you that you can wait five years to have your next Pap test. But you should still go to the doctor regularly for a checkup.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 18
  • 20. Prevention For women aged 21–65, it is important to continue getting a Pap test as directed by your doctor—even if you think you are too old to have a child or are not having sex anymore. However, if you are older than 65 and have had normal Pap test results for several years, or if you have had your cervix removed as part of a total hysterectomy for non- cancerous conditions, like fibroids, your doctor may tell you that you do not need to have a Pap test anymore.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 19
  • 21. Prevention Getting an HPV VaccineTwo HPV vaccines are available to protect females against the types of HPV that cause most cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers. Both vaccines are recommended for 11- and 12-year-old girls, and for females 13 through 26 years of age who did not get any or all of the shots when they were younger. These vaccines also can be given to girls as young as 9 years of age. It is recommended that females get the same vaccine brand for all three doses, whenever possible. It is impohttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 20
  • 22. Prevention More Steps to Help Prevent Cervical CancerThese things may also help lower your risk for cervical cancer— Dont smoke. Use condoms during sex. Limit your number of sexual partners.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 21
  • 23. Additional Resources Pubmed Healthhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=15 22