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Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. …

Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose.

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  • 1. Fitango Education Health Topics Bullying
  • 2. OverviewBullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior amongschool aged children that involves a real orperceived power imbalance. The behavior isrepeated, or has the potential to be repeated, overtime. Bullying includes actions such as makingthreats, spreading rumors, attacking someonephysically or verbally, and excluding someone froma group on purpose. 1
  • 3. Risk factorsNo single factor puts a child at risk of being bulliedor bullying others. Bullying can happenanywhere—cities, suburbs, or rural towns.Depending on the environment, some groups—such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered(LGBT) youth, youth with disabilities, and sociallyisolated youth—may be at an increased risk ofbeing bullied. 2
  • 4. Risk factors **Children at Risk of Being Bullied **Generally, children who are bullied have one ormore of the following risk factors:-- Are perceived as different from their peers, suchas being overweight or underweight, wearingglasses or different clothing, being new to aschool, or being unable to afford what kidsconsider “cool” 3
  • 5. Risk factors **Children at Risk of Being Bullied **-- Are perceived as weak or unable to defendthemselves-- Are depressed, anxious, or have low self esteem-- Are less popular than others and have fewfriends-- Do not get along well with others, seen asannoying or provoking, or antagonize others forattention 4
  • 6. Risk factors **Children at Risk of Being Bullied **However, even if a child has these risk factors, itdoesn’t mean that they will be bullied.**Children More Likely to Bully Others **There are two types of kids who are more likely tobully others: 5
  • 7. Risk factors **Children at Risk of Being Bullied **-- Some are well-connected to their peers, havesocial power, are overly concerned about theirpopularity, and like to dominate or be in charge ofothers.-- Others are more isolated from their peers andmay be depressed or anxious, have low selfesteem, be less involved in school, be easilypressured by peers, or not identify with theemotions or feelings of others. 6
  • 8. Risk factors **Children at Risk of Being Bullied **Children who have these factors are also morelikely to bully others;-- Are aggressive or easily frustrated-- Have less parental involvement or having issuesat home-- Think badly of others 7
  • 9. Risk factors **Children at Risk of Being Bullied **-- Have difficulty following rules-- View violence in a positive way-- Have friends who bully others 8
  • 10. Risk factors **Children at Risk of Being Bullied **Remember, those who bully others do not need tobe stronger or bigger than those they bully. Thepower imbalance can come from a number ofsources—popularity, strength, cognitive ability—and children who bully may have more than one ofthese characteristics. 9
  • 11. Warning signsThere are many warning signs that may indicatethat someone is affected by bullying—either beingbullied or bullying others. Recognizing the warningsigns is an important first step in taking actionagainst bullying. Not all children who are bullied orare bullying others ask for help. 10
  • 12. Warning signsIt is important to talk with children who show signsof being bullied or bullying others. These warningsigns can also point to other issues or problems,such as depression or substance abuse. Talking tothe child can help identify the root of the problem.**Signs a Child is Being Bullied ** 11
  • 13. Warning signsLook for changes in the child. However, be awarethat not all children who are bullied exhibitwarning signs.Some signs that may point to a bullying problemare:-- Unexplainable injuries-- Lost or destroyed clothing, books, electronics, orjewelry 12
  • 14. Warning signs-- Frequent headaches or stomach aches, feelingsick or faking illness-- Changes in eating habits, like suddenly skippingmeals or binge eating. Kids may come home fromschool hungry because they did not eat lunch.-- Difficulty sleeping or frequent nightmares 13
  • 15. Warning signs-- Declining grades, loss of interest in schoolwork,or not wanting to go to school-- Sudden loss of friends or avoidance of socialsituations-- Feelings of helplessness or decreased selfesteem 14
  • 16. Warning signs-- Self-destructive behaviors such as running awayfrom home, harming themselves, or talking aboutsuicide-- If you know someone in serious distress ordanger, don’t ignore the problem. Get help rightaway. 15
  • 17. Warning signs **Signs a Child is Bullying Others **Kids may be bullying others if they:-- Get into physical or verbal fights-- Have friends who bully others-- Are increasingly aggressive 16
  • 18. Warning signs **Signs a Child is Bullying Others **-- Get sent to the principal’s office or to detentionfrequently-- Have unexplained extra money or newbelongings-- Blame others for their problems-- Don’t accept responsibility for their actions 17
  • 19. Warning signs **Signs a Child is Bullying Others **-- Are competitive and worry about theirreputation or popularity**Why dont kids ask for help?Statistics from the 2008–2009 School CrimeSupplement show that an adult was notified inonly about a third of bullying cases. Kids don’t telladults for many reasons: 18
  • 20. Warning signs **Signs a Child is Bullying Others **-- Bullying can make a child feel helpless. Kids maywant to handle it on their own to feel in controlagain. They may fear being seen as weak or atattletale.-- Kids may fear backlash from the kid who bulliedthem. 19
  • 21. Warning signs **Signs a Child is Bullying Others **-- Bullying can be a humiliating experience. Kidsmay not want adults to know what is being saidabout them, whether true or false. They may alsofear that adults will judge them or punish them forbeing weak.-- Kids who are bullied may already feel sociallyisolated. They may feel like no one cares or couldunderstand. 20
  • 22. Warning signs **Signs a Child is Bullying Others **-- Kids may fear being rejected by their peers.Friends can help protect kids from bullying, andkids can fear losing this support. 21
  • 23. How to talk about bullyingParents, school staff, and other caring adults havea role to play in preventing bullying. They can:-- Help kids understand bullying. Talk about whatbullying is and how to stand up to it safely. Tell kidsbullying is unacceptable. Make sure kids know howto get help. 22
  • 24. How to talk about bullying-- Keep the lines of communication open. Check inwith kids often. Listen to them. Know theirfriends, ask about school, and understand theirconcerns.-- Encourage kids to do what they love. Specialactivities, interests, and hobbies can boostconfidence, help kids make friends, and protectthem from bullying behavior. 23
  • 25. How to talk about bullying-- Model how to treat others with kindness andrespect.**Help Kids Understand Bullying**Kids who know what bullying is can better identifyit. They can talk about bullying if it happens tothem or others. Kids need to know ways to safelystand up to bullying and how to get help. 24
  • 26. How to talk about bullying-- Encourage kids to speak to a trusted adult if theyare bullied or see others being bullied. The adultcan give comfort, support, and advice, even if theycan’t solve the problem directly. Encourage thechild to report bullying if it happens. 25
  • 27. How to talk about bullying-- Talk about how to stand up to kids who bully.Give tips, like using humor and saying “stop”directly and confidently. Talk about what to do ifthose actions don’t work, like walking away-- Talk about strategies for staying safe, such asstaying near adults or groups of other kids. 26
  • 28. How to talk about bullying-- Urge them to help kids who are bullied byshowing kindness or getting help.**Keep the Lines of Communication Open** 27
  • 29. How to talk about bullyingResearch tells us that children really do look toparents and caregivers for advice and help ontough decisions. Sometimes spending 15 minutes aday talking can reassure kids that they can talk totheir parents if they have a problem. Startconversations about daily life and feelings withquestions like these:-- What was one good thing that happened today?Any bad things? 28
  • 30. How to talk about bullying-- What is lunch time like at your school? Who doyou sit with? What do you talk about?-- What is it like to ride the school bus?-- What are you good at? What would do you likebest about yourself? 29
  • 31. How to talk about bullyingTalking about bullying directly is an important stepin understanding how the issue might be affectingkids. There are no right or wrong answers to thesequestions, but it is important to encourage kids toanswer them honestly. Assure kids that they arenot alone in addressing any problems that arise.Start conversations about bullying with questionslike these:-- What does “bullying” mean to you? 30
  • 32. How to talk about bullying-- Describe what kids who bully are like. Why doyou think people bully?-- Who are the adults you trust most when itcomes to things like bullying?-- Have you ever felt scared to go to schoolbecause you were afraid of bullying? What wayshave you tried to change it? 31
  • 33. How to talk about bullying-- What do you think parents can do to help stopbullying?Have you or your friends left other kidsout on purpose? Do you think that was bullying?Why or why not?-- What do you usually do when you see bullyinggoing on?-- Do you ever see kids at your school being bulliedby other kids? How does it make you feel? 32
  • 34. How to talk about bullying-- Have you ever tried to help someone who isbeing bullied? What happened? What would youdo if it happens again?Get more ideas for talking with children about lifeand about bullying. If concerns come up, be sure torespond.There are simple ways that parents and caregiverscan keep up-to-date with kids’ lives. 33
  • 35. How to talk about bullying-- Read class newsletters and school flyers. Talkabout them at home.-- Check the school website-- Go to school events-- Greet the bus driver 34
  • 36. How to talk about bullying-- Meet teachers and counselors at “Back toSchool” night or reach out by email-- Share phone numbers with other kids’ parents 35
  • 37. How to talk about bullying **Encourage Kids to Do What They Love**Help kids take part in activities, interests, andhobbies they like. Kids can volunteer, playsports, sing in a chorus, or join a youth group orschool club. These activities give kids a chance tohave fun and meet others with the same interests.They can build confidence and friendships thathelp protect kids from bullying. 36
  • 38. How to talk about bullying**Model How to Treat Others with Kindness and Respect**Kids learn from adults’ actions. By treating otherswith kindness and respect, adults show the kids intheir lives that there is no place for bullying. Even ifit seems like they are not paying attention, kids arewatching how adults manage stress and conflict, aswell as how they treat theirfriends, colleagues, and families. 37