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Braces are used by those who do not have naturally straight teeth. They can be used to straighten teeth, correct bite problems, close gaps between teeth, and align lips and teeth properly.
Most people who receive orthodontic care are kids, but adults get braces, too. In young children, orthodontic treatment may guide proper jaw growth. This can help permanent teeth to come in properly. Straight permanent teeth can help prevent tooth problems later on.

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  1. 1. Fitango Education Health Topics Braces
  2. 2. OverviewBraces are used by those who do nothave naturally straight teeth. They can be used tostraighten teeth, correct bite problems, close gapsbetween teeth, and align lips and teeth properly. 1
  3. 3. OverviewMost people who receive orthodontic care arekids, but adults get braces, too. In young children,orthodontic treatment may guide proper jawgrowth. This can help permanent teeth to come inproperly. Straight permanent teeth can helpprevent tooth problems later on. 2
  4. 4. TreatmentTreatment of troublesome teeth occurs in 2phases: the active phase and the retention phase.**The Active Phase** 3
  5. 5. TreatmentThe active phase calls for braces to move the teethinto proper alignment and correct the bite. Bracesstraighten teeth by putting steady pressure onthem for a prolonged period of time. Most peoplejust need regular braces with wires and rubberbands to keep pressure on the teeth. The wireson braces help to move your teeth, and the rubberbands help to correct the alignment. 4
  6. 6. TreatmentIf your teeth are more troublesome, you may haveto wear headgear in the evening or to bed. 5
  7. 7. Dos and DontsBecause braces are delicate, foods that are sticky,chewy, and hard should be avoided or eaten onlyin moderation. These foods include:-- ice-- nuts-- popcorn 6
  8. 8. Dos and Donts-- gum-- chewy candy like caramel or Gummi bears andhard candy like Jawbreakers and Jolly Ranchers-- whole hard fruit like apples and pears and hard,raw veggies like carrots-- corn on the cob 7
  9. 9. Dos and Donts-- hard pretzels-- peanut brittle-- pizza crust, hard rolls, and bagels-- ribs 8
  10. 10. Dos and DontsAny food that you need to bite into to eat is primefor breaking braces. You can get around this bycutting the food, such as corn off the cob or ribmeat off the bone, or slicing apples and choppingcarrots into small, bite-size pieces. 9
  11. 11. Dos and DontsYou may also experience problems eating afteryour braces are tightened–teeth may feel sore. Thefirst few days are the worst, so try eating softerfoods like those listed below until the sorenesspasses:-- scrambled eggs-- oatmeal 10
  12. 12. Dos and Donts-- soup with soft vegetables or pureed or creamsoups-- soft cheeses, including cottage cheese-- smoothies and milkshakes-- pudding and custard-- meatloaf 11
  13. 13. Dos and Donts-- mashed potatoes-- sorbet and frozen yogurt-- tortillas (soften by microwaving or steaming)-- soft-cooked, shredded chicken and meat-- tofu 12
  14. 14. Dos and Donts-- ripe fruits, such as peaches and nectarines, cutinto bite-size pieces-- couscous, quinoa, bulgur, soft-cooked rice-- pasta and noodles, macaroni and cheese-- peanut butter 13
  15. 15. Dos and Donts-- chicken or tuna salad-- refried beans-- applesauce-- pancakes and soft bread-- saltines and matzoh-- cooked veggies 14
  16. 16. Dos and Donts-- hummus-- canned or cooked fruit 15