Alcohol Control

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For most adults, moderate alcohol use is not harmful. However, nearly 17.6 million adults in the United States are alcoholics or have alcohol problems. Alcoholism is a disease with four main features:


-- Craving - a strong need to drink


-- Loss of control - not being able to stop drinking once you've begun


-- Physical dependence - withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea, sweating or shakiness after stopping drinking


-- Tolerance - the need to drink greater amounts of alcohol in order to get "high"

Alcoholism carries many serious dangers. Heavy drinking can increase the risk of certain cancers. It can cause damage to the liver, brain and other organs. It can cause birth defects. It increases the risk of death from car crashes and other injuries as well as the risk of homicide and suicide.

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Alcohol Control

  1. 1. http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=620Fitango EducationHealth TopicsAlcohol Control
  2. 2. 1OverviewFor most adults, moderate alcohol use is notharmful. However, nearly 17.6 million adults in theUnited States are alcoholics or have alcoholproblems. Alcoholism is a disease with four mainfeatures:-- Craving - a strong need to drink
  3. 3. 2Overview-- Loss of control - not being able to stop drinkingonce youve begun-- Physical dependence - withdrawal symptoms,such as nausea, sweating or shakiness afterstopping drinking-- Tolerance - the need to drink greater amounts ofalcohol in order to get "high"
  4. 4. 3OverviewAlcoholism carries many serious dangers. Heavydrinking can increase the risk of certain cancers. Itcan cause damage to the liver, brain and otherorgans. It can cause birth defects. It increases therisk of death from car crashes and other injuries aswell as the risk of homicide and suicide.
  5. 5. 4How does alcohol affect aperson?Alcohol affects every organ in the body. It is acentral nervous system depressant that is rapidlyabsorbed from the stomach and small intestineinto the bloodstream. Alcohol is metabolized in theliver by enzymes; however, the liver can onlymetabolize a small amount of alcohol at a time,leaving the excess alcohol to circulate throughoutthe body. The intensity of the effect of alcohol onthe body is directly related to the amountconsumed.
  6. 6. 5What does moderate drinkingmean?According to the Dietary Guidelines forAmericans, moderate alcohol consumption isdefined as having up to 1 drink per day for womenand up to 2 drinks per day for men. This definitionis referring to the amount consumed on any singleday and is not intended as an average over severaldays. The Dietary Guidelines also state that it is notrecommended that anyone begin drinking or drinkmore frequently on the basis of potential healthbenefits because moderate alcohol intake also isassociated w
  7. 7. 6How do I know if it’s okay todrink?The current Dietary Guidelines forAmericans recommend that if you choose to drinkalcoholic beverages, do not exceed 1 drink per dayfor women or 2 drinks per day for men. Accordingto the guidelines, people who should not drinkalcoholic beverages at all include the following:Children and adolescents.
  8. 8. 7How do I know if it’s okay todrink?Individuals of any age who cannot limit theirdrinking to low level.Women who may become pregnant or who arepregnant.Individuals who plan to drive, operate machinery,or take part in other activities that requireattention, skill, or coordination.
  9. 9. 8How do I know if it’s okay todrink?Individuals taking prescription or over-the-countermedications that can interact with alcohol.Individuals with certain medical conditions.Persons recovering from alcoholism.
  10. 10. 9How do I know if it’s okay todrink?According to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans,it is not recommended that anyone begin drinkingor drink more frequently on the basis of potentialhealth benefits because moderate alcohol intakealso is associated with increased risk of breastcancer, violence, drowning, and injuries from fallsand motor vehicle crashes.

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