Acne
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Acne

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Acne is a common skin disease that causes pimples. Pimples form when hair follicles under your skin clog up. Most pimples form on the face, neck, back, chest and shoulders. Anyone can get acne, but......

Acne is a common skin disease that causes pimples. Pimples form when hair follicles under your skin clog up. Most pimples form on the face, neck, back, chest and shoulders. Anyone can get acne, but it is common in teenagers and young adults. It is not serious, but it can cause scars.

No one knows exactly what causes acne. Hormone changes, such as those during the teenage years and pregnancy, probably play a role. There are many myths about what causes acne. Chocolate and greasy foods are often blamed, but there is little evidence that foods have much effect on acne in most people. Another common myth is that dirty skin causes acne; however, blackheads and pimples are not caused by dirt. Stress doesn't cause acne, but stress can make it worse.
If you have acne:

• Clean your skin gently

• Try not to touch your skin

• Avoid the sun

Treatments for acne include medicines and creams.

NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases 

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  • 1. Fitango Education Health Topics Acnehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64
  • 2. Overview Acne is a common skin disease that causes pimples. Pimples form when hair follicles under your skin clog up. Most pimples form on the face, neck, back, chest and shoulders. Anyone can get acne, but it is common in teenagers and young adults. It is not serious, but it can cause scars.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 1
  • 3. Overview No one knows exactly what causes acne. Hormone changes, such as those during the teenage years and pregnancy, probably play a role. There are many myths about what causes acne. Chocolate and greasy foods are often blamed, but there is little evidence that foods have much effect on acne in most people. Another common myth is that dirty skin causes acne; however, blackheads and pimples are not caused by dirt. Stress doesnt cause acne, but stress can make it worse.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 2
  • 4. Overview If you have acne: • Clean your skin gently • Try not to touch your skin • Avoid the sun Treatments for acne include medicines and creams.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 3
  • 5. Overview NIH: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseaseshttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 4
  • 6. Symptoms Acne is more than pimples. A person with acne can display many different blemishes including blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, cysts and nodules. Acne can also occur in places other than the face. Breakouts can happen on the upper arms, chest, neck, back, shoulders, back and buttocks. As a result of these blemishes those with acne are also susceptible to scarring and dark spot from healed blemishes.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 5
  • 7. Symptoms Acne can also hurt more than your skin. Many studies have shown that people with acne tend to suffer from low self-esteem and depression.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 6
  • 8. Diagnosis To make an acne diagnosis a dermatologist will first examine the skin; many skin conditions can look like acne. If the doctor determines you have acne they will grade it on a mild to severe scale of 1 to 4. The dermatologist will also note what type of acne appears on the skin.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 7
  • 9. Treatment Care depends upon the severity of the acne. Those who have mild acne may be recommended over the counter products. Commonly used products that contain benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid can clear acne of this severity. While overnight clearing of breakouts are often claimed over the counter treatments require 4-8 weeks for improvement.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 8
  • 10. Treatment If your acne is more severe a doctor can prescribe topical treatments, medications, and different in office procedures. The topical treatments often prescribed are antibiotic, salicylic acid, retinoid, and prescription strength benzoyl peroxide. Some act by reducing oil and others by killing bacteria. Medication is prescribed for those with swollen and inflamed acne. These medications include antibiotics, birth control or other hormone regulator and isotretinoin. The office procedures your dermahttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 9
  • 11. Causes Acne strikes when hair follicles in your skin become plugged with dead skin cells and oil. The oil that causes acne is called sebum, which is produced by the sebaceous glands that are connected to hair follicles. Sebum is produced as a natural lubricant for hair and skin. When the body over produces sebum and dead skin cells they can build up in the hair follicle and become a place where bacteria can grow. This can result in whiteheads when the follicle bulges, blackheads when the plug in the fohttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 10
  • 12. Prevention When your acne clears the medication and treatment that worked should be continued to prevent new breakouts. Breakouts can also be prevented with simple measures such as: -- Washing acne prone skin only twice a day – Excess cleansing can actually irritate skin further.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 11
  • 13. Prevention -- Avoid heavy makeup – Use powder foundation rather than cream or liquid that can irritate skin. Additionally make sure to toss old makeup and any applicators regularly. -- Don’t sleep with makeup on – Sleeping with makeup on your skin can clog your pores.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 12
  • 14. Prevention -- Wear loose clothes- Loose clothes allow heat and moisture to dissipate allowing skin to breath and preventing friction. -- Shower after exercise-The oil in sweat left on the skin after a workout can trap dirt and bacteria.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 13
  • 15. Myths A common myth held about acne is that it is caused by poor hygiene. This is far from true. In fact too much washing or scrubbing can cause the skin to over produce oil and exacerbate existing acne.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 14
  • 16. Myths Another very common misconception is that acne is caused by diet. While it is true that poor nutrition is bad for you. There is no concrete scientific evidence to prove that greasy foods or chocolate cause acne.Lastly many still hold that acne is something you have to let run its course and that it’s just a cosmetic problem. Neither is true. Acne can be treated and even cleared completely with the help of a dermatologist or over the counter products for mild acne. Additionally problem acne canhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 15
  • 17. Additional Resources National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases Mayo Clinic The American Academy of Dermatologyhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=64 16