The War Begins to Change for Germany• Spring 1942 – after a hard winter the Germans launch another attack insouthern Russi...
North Africa & Italy Fall 1942 – summer 1943• Germans & Italians have advantage until battle of El Alamein• U.S. army land...
Air & submarine war with Germany Late 1943-1945• German submarines interfere with allied shipping in the Atlantic up to la...
Air War with Germany Late 1943 - 1945Early 1944 the allies have air protection over England & northern FranceLate 1944 – 1...
D-Day Invasion of France June 1944• U.S. & British forces land in Normandy (north France) largest amphibousinvasion in his...
• Saving Private ryan 18 minuteshttp://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=saving+private+ryan&view=detail&mid=55FE245D9BE2BF9BB7...
Ethnic issues & the Holocaust• In the U.S. - Many Japanese Americans are detained in camps in thewestern parts of the U.S ...
Holocaust in Europe• Germany – 1930’s pass many laws discriminating against Jews. Jews areencouraged to leave Germany Nure...
Genocide in Europe & Asia• Russians 3million USSR army prisoners 10million citizens starvation• Polish & other East Europe...
War in Europe Ends, May 1945• Yalta conference (pg531) – February 1945 Stalin, Churchill, & Rooseveltmeet to discuss the e...
• USSR immediately eliminates anti-communists wherever they “liberate” acountry from Germany at the end of WW2• USSR remov...
Fall of Japan• Autumn 1944, Battle of Leyte Gulf, remaining Japanese navy & majority of itsairforce is destroyed. U.S. re-...
Cold War 1945 - 1990• Europe & Japan are in ruins. Only U.S. & USSR remain strong 2 superpowers• USSR installs communist g...
Cold War Iron Curtain 1945 - 1990
U.S. Policy of Containment 1945 - 1990
Marshall Plan 1948 - 1951
United Nations Created 1945• New international organization in New York for promoting peace created• 5 permanant countries...
Cold war gets worse 1949-1950• Berlin Blockade – 1949 USSR isolates Berlin from the west• USSR detonates 1st atomic bomb 1...
NATO VS Warsaw Pact
Arms Race• U.S. & USSR compete for nuclear military superiority. Eventually startbuilding ICBM´s ¨inter-continental ballis...
Cold War Conflicts 1945 - 1990• U.S. & USSR never fight each other, instead they spy & try to sabotage each other. Each co...
Cold War Ends• SALT 1972- strategic arms limitations treaty, agreement to limit the # of nuclear missles• USSR invades Afg...
Middle East & the Rise of Militant Islam• Late 1800’s early 1900’s increased nationalism among the Jews of Europe• ‘Jews s...
Middle East & the Rise of Militant Islam• CAUSES• Jewish Immigration to Palestine - after the collapse of the Ottoman Empi...
Middle East & the Rise of Militant Islam• Europen economic imperialism in Iran after 1900, control of oil• Shah – ruler of...
Middle East & the Rise of Militant Islam• USSR invades Afghanistan 1980 – many Muslims go to help Afghans, including Osama...
Decolonization after WW2• Imperialist powers such as Great Britain, France, Netherlands, etc…… weakened during &after WW2....
Decolonization after WW2• Newly independent countries face many problems after imperialists leave• Europeans had provided ...
Technology Culture• Air travel, jet engines, radar• Rockets- space exploration- satellites
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
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End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
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End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
End of ww2
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End of ww2

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End of ww2

  1. 1. The War Begins to Change for Germany• Spring 1942 – after a hard winter the Germans launch another attack insouthern Russia. Trying to capture USSR oil production & Stalingrad• USSR has been relocating its factories further east away from the fighting & isstarting to get U.S. supplies but is still missing a lot of equipment• By fall 1942 - 1943 Germans & USSR fight for Stalingrad. Germans loose.• From 1943 - 1945 the Germans are playing defense & slowly the USSR re-conquers its territory with heavy losses• USSR rebuilt industry & gets U.S. supplies• Germans military keeps growing, slaves working in factories• Hitler starting to interfere with military details
  2. 2. North Africa & Italy Fall 1942 – summer 1943• Germans & Italians have advantage until battle of El Alamein• U.S. army lands in French North Africa• British invade from Egypt• Italians & Germans leave Africa to defend Italy in 1943• Summer 1943 Allies invade Italy, Italy surrenders, Mussolini arrested• Germans control Northern Italy until the war ends in 1945
  3. 3. Air & submarine war with Germany Late 1943-1945• German submarines interfere with allied shipping in the Atlantic up to late1943• U.S. is building ships faster than Germany can sink them• Allies eventually develop better sonar, radar, and submarine hunting methods
  4. 4. Air War with Germany Late 1943 - 1945Early 1944 the allies have air protection over England & northern FranceLate 1944 – 1945 allies are bombing Germany with more efficiencyBombings hurt German war production & transport, kill many German civiliansGermany however builds hidden factories & wonder weapons
  5. 5. D-Day Invasion of France June 1944• U.S. & British forces land in Normandy (north France) largest amphibousinvasion in history• Begin to re-conquer France and attack towards Germany
  6. 6. • Saving Private ryan 18 minuteshttp://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=saving+private+ryan&view=detail&mid=55FE245D9BE2BF9BB7A055FE245D9BE2BF9BB7A0&first=0&FORM=NVPFVR
  7. 7. Ethnic issues & the Holocaust• In the U.S. - Many Japanese Americans are detained in camps in thewestern parts of the U.S during WW2 Japanese are considered verysuspicious
  8. 8. Holocaust in Europe• Germany – 1930’s pass many laws discriminating against Jews. Jews areencouraged to leave Germany Nuremburg Laws• Germany 1930’s – begin euthenasia programs for the mentally ill• WW2 starts 1939 – Jews that live in areas conquered by Germany areordered to live in certain areas only• WW2 invasion of USSR 1941 – killings of Jews, gypsies, communists, asianminorities in captured Russian territory begins• WW2 1943-1945 – When the war starts to go bad for Germany, the realorganized killing s of Jews, Gypsies, Communists, Homosexuals, Slavsoccurs• FINAL SOLUTION Concentration camps (Aushwitz) – built specifically forkilling as many undesirables as quickly as possible. Especially in EastEurope• End of WW2 1945 – 6 million Jews,
  9. 9. Genocide in Europe & Asia• Russians 3million USSR army prisoners 10million citizens starvation• Polish & other East European Slavs 4 million• Jews 6 million• Gypsies 2 million• Political enemies 500,000• Homosexuals 100,000• Chinese 15 million murdered or starvation• Korea, Philippines, other Asian countries 5 million• State of Israel created in 1948, recognized immediately by the UnitedNations mainly due to the Holocaust
  10. 10. War in Europe Ends, May 1945• Yalta conference (pg531) – February 1945 Stalin, Churchill, & Rooseveltmeet to discuss the end of the war• Allies agree to temporarily occupy Germany until a new, friendly Germangovernment can be made• Germany should pay $$$ to USSR since USSR suffered the most. USSRshould eventually help Americans defeat Japan after German surrender• All countries liberated by the allies should have free elections after thewar
  11. 11. • USSR immediately eliminates anti-communists wherever they “liberate” acountry from Germany at the end of WW2• USSR removes industrial equipment from the countries it “liberates”• USSR does not allow free elections & installs communists into power whereverit “liberates “ a country from the Germans pg 532• Germany surrenders May 1945 U.S. & GB in West Germany, USSR in EastGermany• Iron Curtain is falling across Europe in 1945Disagreement Between Allies Begins Immediately 1945
  12. 12. Fall of Japan• Autumn 1944, Battle of Leyte Gulf, remaining Japanese navy & majority of itsairforce is destroyed. U.S. re-conquers Philipinnes• March-April 1945 – U.S. conquers islands of Iwo Jima & Okinawa close to JapanNon – Stop bombing of Japanese cities http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5g571TQHDvU 2:00-4:30 7:30-end• Japanese military & civilians increasingly suicidal refuses to surrender• U.S. military estimates it will cost more than 500,000 American lives to conquerJapan itself more than 6 million Japanese will die• USSR is about to enter the war against Japan…….. Will they do the same in Asiathat they did in East Europe?• August 1945 Atomic bombing of Hiroshima & Nagasaki Japan surrendershttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ncq_Wye43TM 4:45 min atomic bomb
  13. 13. Cold War 1945 - 1990• Europe & Japan are in ruins. Only U.S. & USSR remain strong 2 superpowers• USSR installs communist governments in East Europe & North Korea• Marshall Plan – U.S. will give $$$ to help rebuild countries destroyed by WW2so they can resist communism• Rebuild W. Germany & Japan to make them U.S. allies against USSR MarshallAid• Containment – U.S. policy of making alliances & supporting countries opposedto the spread of communism• W. Germany & Japan must have minor military power -focus on economics• W. Germany & Japan have democratic constitutions• By 1955 W. Germany & Japan have alliances with the U.S. & its allies, fulleconomic recovery
  14. 14. Cold War Iron Curtain 1945 - 1990
  15. 15. U.S. Policy of Containment 1945 - 1990
  16. 16. Marshall Plan 1948 - 1951
  17. 17. United Nations Created 1945• New international organization in New York for promoting peace created• 5 permanant countries with veto power – United States, Russia, England,France, China• U.S. currently provides 22% of funding. The highest
  18. 18. Cold war gets worse 1949-1950• Berlin Blockade – 1949 USSR isolates Berlin from the west• USSR detonates 1st atomic bomb 1949 …..- Communist scientist spies ´theRosenburgs´ give atomic secrets to USSR• China becomes communist - 1949 , Communists win Chinese civil war.nationalists flee to Taiwan• Korean War 1950 -1953 Communist N. Korea invades democratic S. Korea• NATO is formed 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Organization - U.S. and Europeanmilitary alliance• Warsaw Pact 1955 USSR & communist countries in Eastern Europe militaryalliance
  19. 19. NATO VS Warsaw Pact
  20. 20. Arms Race• U.S. & USSR compete for nuclear military superiority. Eventually startbuilding ICBM´s ¨inter-continental ballistic missiles¨• Cuba becomes communist 1957• Cuban Missle Crisis 1962 – USSR starts installing nuclear missles aimed atFlorida inside Cuba
  21. 21. Cold War Conflicts 1945 - 1990• U.S. & USSR never fight each other, instead they spy & try to sabotage each other. Each countrysupports the other´s enemies always trying to gain an advantage over the other competition• Greece 1946-1948 – civil war, U.S. supports government against communists• Korean War 1950-1953 – U.S. supports S. Korea, USSR & China support N. Korea• Cuba 1957-1990 communist Cuba gets support from USSR• Israel VS Arabs – U.S. supports Israel, USSR the Arabs causes problems between U.S & extremistIslam• Vietnam War 1965-1975 - U.S. supports south, USSR supports communist north• Nicaragua Civil War 1979 – U.S. & USSR support oppisite sides• Afghanistan 1980-1988 – U.S. supports Afghanistan during USSR invasion• USSR – China disagreements 1960´s - U.S. ecourages China to disagree with USSR• 3rd world conflicts: Anglola, Congo, Peru, Cambodia, Indonesia, Guatemala, Mozambique, Aruba,Sri Lanka, Burma, Bolivia, Nigeria, etc………• Decolonization – USSR & China will always support anti-imperial rebellion• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lW4s7TETtJA duck&cover 45 sec• http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=Jffuzq2GpBI&feature=endscreen nuclear explosions 2:45• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7S6EDNrfSsA ICBM launch great 2:30
  22. 22. Cold War Ends• SALT 1972- strategic arms limitations treaty, agreement to limit the # of nuclear missles• USSR invades Afganistan 1980 – U.S. support muslim resistance including Osama Bin Laden,increaseed tensions again between U.S. & USSR• Ronald Reagan increases U.S. military spending and begins Star Wars program 1980´s• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5dO6rb8qcCo 3:18 min• USSR realizes it cant compete with U.S and relaxes its dictatorship in order to allow new ideas• Glasnost & Perestroika allow more freedom in the USSR• Non – russians in the USSR start demanding independence, Russians openly protest communistpolicies• 1990 USSR collapses Communist countries in East Europe collapse German reunification
  23. 23. Middle East & the Rise of Militant Islam• Late 1800’s early 1900’s increased nationalism among the Jews of Europe• ‘Jews should return to Israel ‘ (Palestine) & build a nation there once again. Jews havenot had their own country in 2000 years• By the late 1700’s Arab – Muslim countries were falling far behind Europe, they weregetting weaker & becoming more vulnerable to increased European power – imperialism• After WW1 1918 Ottoman Empire collapses & the Middle East is divided into mandatesruled by Britain & France Jews start moving to Palestine• Western Europeans develop & control oil production in the Middle East. Economicdominance by Europeans• Offensive to Islam to be controlled by non-muslims “infidels”
  24. 24. Middle East & the Rise of Militant Islam• CAUSES• Jewish Immigration to Palestine - after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918(WW1) Palestine is a British mandate. British allow Jews to immigrate to Palestine• Increased tension in Palestine between Jews & Arabs over land ownership• After WW2, more Jews move to Palestine. Fighting between Jews & Palestinians, Jewswin & declare a new Jewish nation ISRAEL 1948 several Arab countries attack Israel• Jews continue to buy and take land from Palestinians, beginning of Palestinian terroristorganizations• Wars between Israel & Arab countries 1948, 1956, 1967, 1976, 1982 Israel always wins• U.S. & western Europe support Israel USSR supports Arabs• Arabs increasingly see Israel as a tool of U.S – western imperialism in the Middle East• OPEC Oil Embargo 1976 – oil producing nations cut oil production causing the price of oilto rise suddenly as punishment for supporting Israel
  25. 25. Middle East & the Rise of Militant Islam• Europen economic imperialism in Iran after 1900, control of oil• Shah – ruler of Iran, pro-western, pro capitalist, wants Iran to be like modern Europe-U.S• Shah has alliances with the U.S., insults Islamic traditions in order to make Iran modern• 1979 Iranian Revolution – traditional Muslims start a rebellion against the Shah &replace him with an extreme Islamic government ……..very anti-U.S. anti-Israel• 1980-1988 Iran VS Iraq War – long war almost disrupts world oil supply, increasedtensions in the region, military forces of the region increase• 1991, 2003 – Iraq invades Kuwait, U.S. led alliances crush Iraq – Saddam Hussein• Present - Iran supports Palestinian terrorists, developing weapons
  26. 26. Middle East & the Rise of Militant Islam• USSR invades Afghanistan 1980 – many Muslims go to help Afghans, including OsamaBin Laden. U.S.. Supports Afghans with weapons• After USSR leaves Afghanistan, Osama Bin Laden looks for other enemies of Islam &starts targeting the U.S. 9/11
  27. 27. Decolonization after WW2• Imperialist powers such as Great Britain, France, Netherlands, etc…… weakened during &after WW2.• European countries need to focus on rebuilding at home, not regaining control ofcolonies after WW2• Some European countries will try to fight to keep a few colonies (France-Algeria 1954,France-Vietnam 1950’s, Belgium-Congo 1961, British-Kenya 1965, Portugal-Angola 1975)• Many European colonies had been conquered by Japan or other Axis powers duringWW2 & did not want to go back under European control after WW2 especially in Asia• Many European colonies gained some freedom during WW2 in exchange for helpingBritain & France, and wanted more (India, South Africa, Canada)• U.S was always basically opposed to European imperialism in theory• USSR & China encourage colonies to rebel against western European powers• Colonies have many difficulties after they gain independence. Wars, famines, economicproblems• U.S. & USSR will compete for influence in the newly independent countries
  28. 28. Decolonization after WW2• Newly independent countries face many problems after imperialists leave• Europeans had provided security, order, government, some jobs, technology, somemedical care, infrastructure• Mahatma Gandhi uses non-violent economic protests to pressure the British to leaveIndia. 1947• Different groups fight for control…. Many civil wars & small genocides• example: fighting & civil war in India-Pakistan between Muslims & Hindus 1947-1951• example: after French finally leave, fighting between communists & monarchists inVietnam 1954-1975 U.S. gets involved to stop communists• Europeans employed many natives in their companies…. If Europeans leave quickly….Many natives without jobs, no police, no modern technology or medicine• Many new countries borrow large amounts of $$$ to restructure their countries &modernize with horrible results DEBT !
  29. 29. Technology Culture• Air travel, jet engines, radar• Rockets- space exploration- satellites

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